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Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta
This type celebrates the success of Vespasian and Titus in quelling the First Jewish Revolt. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues. RS87731. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 2; Hendin 1479; BMCRE II 35; RSC II 226; Hunter I 18; SRCV I 2296, F, obverse slightly off center, light marks and scratches, weight 3.223 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 69 - 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESARVESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse Jewess captive seated right in attitude of mourning under a trophy of captured arms, IVDAEA in exergue; $200.00 (€170.00)
Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Carausius was originally a fleet commander sent by the first Tetrarchs to rid the Northern seas of Saxon and Frankish pirates. He soon turned to piracy himself, before fleeing to Britain and declaring himself emperor. His natural cunning enabled him to resist all attempts to dislodge him. In 293 Constantius I captured his continental stronghold of Boulogne. Soon after Carausius was murdered by his chief minister Allectus. RA73261. Billonantoninianus, apparently unpublished, RIC V-2 -, Webb Carausius -, Hunter IV -, SRCV IV -, Bourne Carausius -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester -, Linchmere -, aVF, green patina, a little off center, corrosion, encrustation, weight 3.613 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. mid 292 - mid 293; obverseIMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right, late reign tetrarchic portrait type; reverseVICTORIA AVGGG (the victory of the three emperors), Victory walking left, wreath in extended right hand, palm frond in left hand; captive seated left at feet, hands bound behind back, S - P across fields, MC in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; this is the only example of this type known to Forum; $160.00 (€136.00)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.RA76277. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V-2 166 (S); Cohen VI 69; Hunter IV 6; Pink VI-1, pp. 55; SRCV III 11953 var. (obv leg), aEF, magnificent armed bust, most silvering remaining, perfect centering, some corrosion, weight 4.183 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, emission 2, 277 A.D.; obverseVIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate, helmeted, and cuirassedbust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, oval shield on left shoulder; reverseADVENTVS PROBI AVG (the arrival of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long scepter in left hand, horses' right foreleg raised over bound captive seated left, R in exergue; scarce; $115.00 (€97.75)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 280 - 281, Probus put down three usurpers, Julius Saturninus, Proculus and Bonosus. The extent of these revolts is not clear, but there are clues that they were not just local problems (an inscription with the name of Probus erased has been found as far as Spain). In 281, the emperor was in Rome, where he celebrated his triumph.RA79969. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V-2 223; Cohen VI 766; Pink VI-1, pp. 57-58/6; Hunter IV -; SRCV III -, Choice EF, perfect centering, bold obverse, excellent portrait, much silvering, reverse die wear, weight 4.205 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Rome mint, emission 6, 281 A.D.; obverse PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassedbust right; reverseVICTORIA GERM (victory over the Germans), trophy of captured arms, flanked on each side at the base by a seated bound captive facing outward, R thunderbolt A in exergue; $105.00 (€89.25)
Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.RL86817. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIIIThessalonica 172, LRBC II 1671, Voetter 32, SRCV V 18198, Cohen VII 38, Choice VF, green patina, small edge cracks, weight 5.149 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Thessalonica mint, Dec 351 - 352 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassedbust right, from the front; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor in military dress standing facing, head left, Victory on globe in his right hand crowning him with wreath, labarum (Christogramstandard) in left hand, with right foot spurns captive seated left on left, hands bound behind back, wearing Parthian cap, looking back and up at Constantius, Γ left, * right, *TS∆* in exergue; ex Beast Coins, ex Allen Berman (Baltimore, MD); $100.00 (€85.00)
Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.
Constantine II was the son of Constantine I, the eldest with his second wife, Fausta. He was born in Arles (which was renamed Constantia in his honor in 328, explaining the CON mintmarks for Arles) and was made Caesar before he was a year old in 316 A.D. Upon his father's death, Constantine II inherited the Western part of the empire. After quarreling with his brother Constans, he invaded his territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia. His coins often include "IVN" in the legend, an abbreviation for junior.RB84919. Billoncentenionalis, Bastien XIII 14, pl. 1 (15 spec.); RIC VII 76 (R3); Cohen VII 227; Compass Collection 407; SRCV V 17267, VF, near centered on a tight flan, light scratches, light deposits, weight 2.887 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, as caesar, 1st emission, 318 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTINO IVN NOB C, boy's laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right, seen from the front; reverseVICTORIAELAETAEPRINCPERP, Two Victories holding wreath on altar, VOT / PR in two lines within wreath, X on altar, two captives seated back-to-back in exergue, no P - L at sides; very rare; $90.00 (€76.50)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
This coin refers Constantine's victory in the Sarmatian war in 322 A.D. According to Zosimus (lib. 2), Constantine routed the Sarmatae and drove them back beyond the Danube where they rallied to renew the fight. He defeated them and again put them to flight, taking a great number of prisoners. Their king, Rausimodus, was left among the slain.RL84287. Billoncentenionalis, Hunter V 65 (also 2nd officina), RIC VII Trier 435, Cohen VII 487, SRCV IV 16284, Choice EF, attractive surfaces, nice portrait, some flatness of strike on reverse, small edge split, weight 3.058 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; obverseCONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverseSARMATIA DEVICTA (Samartia vanquished), Victory advancing right, treading on captive with left foot, trophy in right hand, palm frond in left hand, STR crescent in exergue; $85.00 (€72.25)
Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
The legends, denomination, and mint are uncertain. In Roman Coins and Their Values III, David Sear writes, "Many bronze coins showing a radiate portrait of Postumus may appear to be dupondii but are, in all probability, either last double sestertii of the secondary mint or simply contemporary imitations which were abundant in the early years of his reign."RA85839. Orichalcumdupondius, cf. RIC V-2 233, Bastien Postume 356, SRCV III 11065 (double sestertius), Hunter IV 134 (same), VF, tight flan, reverse off center, weight 5.139 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 90o, unofficial or irregular mint(?) mint, obverseIMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG (or similar), radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverseVICTORIA AVG (or similar), Victory advancing left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, captive seated left at feet on left with hands bound behind, no S C across field or in exergue; ex Sayles and Lavender; $80.00 (€68.00)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
Constantiniana Dafne was likely a castle or camp (castrum) Dafne, constructed by Constantine on the bank of the Danube.RL84951. Billoncentenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 35, LRBC I 996, SRCV IV 16191, VF, green patina, well centered and struck, scratches and marks, weight 3.182 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 328 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverse CONSTANTINIANA DAFNE, Victory seated left on cippus, head right, palm frond in each hand, trophy and captive before, CONS in exergue, E left; scarce; $70.00 (€59.50)
Licinius Junior, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.
Thessalonica was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, King of Macedonia, on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of Philip II and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Macedonia Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of Macedonia. Due to its port and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, Thessalonica grew to become the most important city in Macedonia. Thessalonica was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.RL74510. Silveredfollis, RIC VIIThessalonica 79 (R2), Cohen VII 68, SRCV IV 15475, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, much silvering, scratches, weight 2.570 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 320 A.D.; obverse LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust left; reverseVIRTVS EXERCIT (courage of the army), vexillum inscribed VOT XX in two lines, two bound captives seated back to back at base, S - F flanking ensign, ?TS?A? in exergue; rare; $65.00 (€55.25)