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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ SicilyView Options:  |  |  |     

Medieval Coins of Sicily

Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad I, King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1250 - 1254

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Conrad was the son of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. In Sicily he was Conrad I, but by other German titles he was known as Conrad IV.
ME70455. Billon denier, MIR 10 301 (NC), MEC Italy III 577 - 578, Biaggi 476, Spahr 158, aVF, weight 0.527 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 270o, Brindisi mint, obverse + • IERVSALEM •, C•O / R, --- above, within inner border; reverse + • ET • SICIL' • REX •, cross pattée, within inner border; $85.00 (€75.65)
 


Kingdom of Sicily, Charles of Anjou, 1266 - 1285

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Charles received the Kingdom of Sicily as a papal grant but had to take it by force from the Hohenstaufen. In 1282, he was expelled from Sicily by rebellion. He continued to claim the island, but ruled only the peninsula from his capital at Naples. By conquest he became King of Albania in 1272, by purchase King of Jerusalem in 1277, and he inherited the Principality of Achaea in 1278.
ME70461. Billon denaro, MIR 10 353 (R), Biaggi 497 (R), MEC Italy III 650, Spahr 47, VF, nice green patina, weight 0.903 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, Brindisi mint, early coinage, 1266 - 1278; obverse + K DEI GRA REX SICIL', large lis above narrow crescent with horns up; reverse + DVC APVL' ET PRNC CAP, cross fleury; rare; $85.00 (€75.65)
 


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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Heraclius offered peace to Khusro, presumably in 624, threatening otherwise to invade Persia, but Khusro rejected the offer. Heraclius marched into Persia with an army of probably less than 25,000 men, willingly abandoning any attempt to secure his rear or maintain lines of communication. Heraclius fought brilliantly and bravely repeatedly defeated the Persian forces. When the war ended in 628, Khusro had been murdered by his own men, the Byzantines regained all their lost territories, their captured soldiers, a war indemnity, and most importantly for them, the True Cross and other relics that were lost in Jerusalem in 614.
BZ64050. Bronze decanummium, Anastasi 62; DOC II part 1, 257; Wroth BMC 410; SBCV 886; Hahn MIB 241, VF, pit (flan defect?) on reverse, weight 5.067 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Catania mint, 625 - 626 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Heraclius on left, bearded, and Heraclius Constantine on right, beardless; both crowned, draped and cuirassed; cross between their heads; reverse large I (10 nummi), ANNO right, X/ς (year 16) right, CAT in exergue; scarce; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

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You have MIR 326. We have another of yours in the catalog identical listed as MIR 485. I don't have MIR Sicily. One must be wrong. Please check MIR.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME66340. Billon denaro apulo, Biaggi 485 (R), MIR Sicily 326 (R), Travaini 66, MEC Italy III - (discussed on p. 193, type 2), VF, weight 0.493 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 90o, Brindisi(?) mint, 1258 - c. 1263; obverse +• MANFREDVS•, gothic APl monogram, three pellets around, within inner border; reverse + REX• SICILIE•, cross pattée, wedge in each angle; rare; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Normans, Kingdom of Sicily, Roger II, 1105 - 1154 A.D.

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Roger II was King of Sicily, son of Roger I of Sicily and successor to his brother Simon. He began his rule as Count of Sicily in 1105, became Duke of Apulia and Calabria in 1127, and then King of Sicily in 1130. Roger II is remembered for having united all of the Norman conquests in Italy under one strong central government. He was also the grandfather of Frederick II.
ME68268. Bronze follaro or half follaro, MIR Sicily 27 (follaro), MEC Italy III 180 (follaro), Biaggi 1222 (NC, half follero), Spahr 77 (half follero), F, typical crowded flan and uneven strike, weight 1.437 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 330o, Messina mint, c. 1130 - 1138 A.D.; obverse the king sitting facing on a throne, Latin inscription flanking: P/O/Γ/E/P/I - A/N/A/Σ (King Roger); reverse cross potent with pellet at each end, IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers) in angles; scarce; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1197 - 1250

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Frederick was born in Catania. In his youth, his reign was under the control of powerful Sicilian barons, and was plagued by wars with the Kingdom of Naples and by the Black Death, which killed his elder brother and predecessor. In 1372 he was able to come to peace terms with Naples and Pope Gregory IX.
ME83699. Billon denaro, MIR 10 290 (NC), MEC Italy III 560, Biaggi 464 (NC), aVF, green patina with silver speckles, light scratches, weight 0.822 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 225o, Brindisi mint, 1245; obverse + F•ROMANORVM, IMPR (IMP ligate) in center with double suspension mark above; reverse + IERSL' ET SICIL' R (King of Jerusalem and Sicily), cross pattée, crescent in each quarter; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

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The reading of the legends on this rare type is not certain. Biaggi did not have an adequate specimen and used a line drawing in place of the usual photograph. MEC notes there are no know specimens with clear legends.
ME54998. Bronze denaro, MEC Italy III 609A, Biaggi 1277 (R2), gVF, weight 0.738 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 270o, Messina mint, obverse + MAYNFRID, S entwined around cross; reverse + REX SICILIE, Ω over • R •; fantastic for the type!; rare; $75.00 (€66.75)
 


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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By 602, Maurice ordered the troops to stay beyond the Danube over winter, but they revolted and marched back to Constantinople under the leadership of Phocas. On 27 November, Maurice was captured trying to escape, he was forced to witness the slaughter of his five sons and all his supporters, and was beheaded. His wife, Constantina and his three daughters were spared, and sent to a monastery. Phocas was proclaimed the emperor.
BZ69192. Bronze decanummium, Anastasi 24c, DOC I 281, Hahn MIBE 140, Wroth BMC 249, Tolstoi 306, Ratto 1169, Sommer 7.100, SBCV 583, F, weight 3.225 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 588 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRIC - TIb P P AVC (or similar), helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, helmet with crest and pendilia, globus cruciger in right; reverse large X (10 nummi), SE-CI-LI-A in angles; $75.00 (€66.75)
 


Normans, Kingdom of Sicily, William II, 1166 - 1189 A.D.

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Secluded and pleasure-loving, William II, the Good, seldom emerged from his palace life at Palermo. Yet his reign was marked by an ambitious foreign policy and vigorous diplomacy. Champion of the papacy and in secret league with the Lombard cities he was able to defy the common enemy, Frederick I Barbarossa.
ME77194. Bronze follaro, MEC Italy III 432, VF, weight 2.208 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 0o, Messina mint, obverse facing lion head; reverse Arabic legend "al-malik / Ghulyalim / al-thani" (King William 2nd); $75.00 (€66.75)
 


Byzantine Empire, Leo V the Armenian and Constantine, 25 December 813 - 25 December 820 A.D.

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In 815, Leo concluded a 30-year peace treaty with Khan Omurtag of Bulgaria. The treaty was honored by both sides and renewed after the accession of Michael II in 820. In 821, Thomas the Slav rebelled and laid siege to Constantinople to seize the Imperial throne. Omurtag sent an army to help Michael II put down the rebellion. Byzantine accounts report that Thomas' army was routed at the Battle of Kedouktos (winter 822 or spring 823), however, modern scholars consider the battle a victory, albeit costly, for the rebel.
BZ65995. Bronze follis, Anastasi 497; DOC III, part 1, 19; Morrisson BnF 30/Sy/AE/01; Wroth BMC 22; Tolstoi 22; Ratto 1803; SBCV 1635; Sommer 29.7, gVF, typical tight flan, weight 3.267 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, 817 - 25 Dec 820 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Leo, on left, with short beard and Constantine, each wears crown and chlamys, cross between above; reverse Λ•K (initials of Leon and Konstantine), cross above; $70.00 (€62.30)
 




    



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Medieval Sicily