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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ SicilyView Options:  |  |  | ◁◁      ▷▷

Medieval Coins of Sicily

Kingdom of Sicily, Henry VI (HRE), 1194 - 1197

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Henry VI was King of Germany from 1190 - 1197, Holy Roman Emperor from 1191 - 1197, and King of Sicily from 1194 - 1197. In 1197, his German soldiers mercilessly suppressed a revolt in Italy, especially in southern Sicily. In this same year, Henry prepared for a Crusade, but, on 28 September, he died of malaria (or he may have been poisoned) in Messina. His son, Frederick II, inherited both the Kingdom of Sicily and the Imperial crown.
ME66349. Billon denaro, MIR 10 256 (NC), MEC Italy III 485, Biaggi 434 (NC), VF, nice green patina, weight 0.792 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 135o, Brindisi mint, 1194 - 1196; obverse HE •INPERATOR (HE ligate), cross pattée, six pointed star in the third and fourth quarters; reverse C INPERATRIX•, Ω (suspension mark) over A•P; rare; $110.00 (€95.70)


Kingdom of Sicily, Charles of Anjou, 1266 - 1285

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Charles received the Kingdom of Sicily as a papal grant but had to take it by force from the Hohenstaufen. In 1282, he was expelled from Sicily by rebellion. He continued to claim the island, but ruled only the peninsula from his capital at Naples. By conquest he became King of Albania in 1272, by purchase King of Jerusalem in 1277, and he inherited the Principality of Achaea in 1278.
ME70461. Billon denaro, MIR 10 353 (R), Biaggi 497 (R), MEC Italy III 650, Spahr 47, VF, nice green patina, weight 0.903 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, Brindisi mint, early coinage, 1266 - 1278; obverse + K DEI GRA REX SICIL', large lis above narrow crescent with horns up; reverse + DVC APVL' ET PRNC CAP, cross fleury; rare; $110.00 (€95.70)


Byzantine Empire, Leo V the Armenian and Constantine, 25 December 813 - 25 December 820 A.D.

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In 815, Leo concluded a 30-year peace treaty with Khan Omurtag of Bulgaria. The treaty was honored by both sides and renewed after the accession of Michael II in 820. In 821, Thomas the Slav rebelled and laid siege to Constantinople to seize the Imperial throne. Omurtag sent an army to help Michael II put down the rebellion. Byzantine accounts report that Thomas' army was routed at the Battle of Kedouktos (winter 822 or spring 823), however, modern scholars consider the battle a victory, albeit costly, for the rebel.
BZ65995. Bronze follis, Anastasi 497; DOC III, part 1, 19; SBCV 1635, gVF, typical tight flan, weight 3.267 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, 817 - 820 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Leo, on left, with short beard and Constantine, each wears crown and chlamys, cross between above; reverse Λ•K (initials of Leon and Konstantine), cross above; $105.00 (€91.35)


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

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Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME66670. Billon denaro apulo, Biaggi 485 (R), MIR Sicily 326 (R), Travaini 66, MEC Italy III - (discussed on p. 193, type 2), VF, weight 0.597 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 180o, Brindisi(?) mint, 1258 - c. 1263; obverse +• MANFREDVS•, gothic APl monogram, three pellets around, within inner border; reverse + REX• SICILIE•, cross pattée, wedge in each angle; rare; $105.00 (€91.35)


Normans, Kingdom of Sicily, William II, 1166 - 1189 A.D.

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The Normans entered Sicily and southern Italy in order to fight the Byzantines and Arabs. They conquered the land and after long wars, they established a powerful kingdom that had to be recognized by the Pope.
ME68290. Bronze 3 follaro, MEC Italy III 425 ff., Travaini 166 ff., Biaggi 1231, aVF, weight 10.409 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, Messina mint, second copper coinage; obverse facing lion head mask; reverse palm tree with dates; $105.00 (€91.35)


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1198 - 1250

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Frederick II was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages. At two he was crowned King of Sicily, co-ruler with his mother Constance, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. In 1220, he was made King of the Romans, and as such, King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He became King of Jerusalem through marriage and the Sixth Crusade. Due to frequent disputes with the Papacy, he was excommunicated four times and Pope Gregory IX called him the Antichrist. An avid patron of science and the arts, he spoke Latin, Sicilian, German, French, Greek and Arabic.
ME66346. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 549, MIR 282 (NC), Biaggi 455 (NC), Spahr 121, VF, porous, weight 0.533 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 45o, Brindisi mint, 1239; obverse F•- IM-PER-ATO-R•, long cross intersecting legend; reverse R•I-ER'-ET•S-ICL'•, crowned head superimposed at center on long cross intersecting legend; $100.00 (€87.00)


Normans, Kingdom of Sicily, William II, 1166 - 1189 A.D.

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Secluded and pleasure-loving, William II, the Good, seldom emerged from his palace life at Palermo. Yet his reign was marked by an ambitious foreign policy and vigorous diplomacy. Champion of the papacy and in secret league with the Lombard cities he was able to defy the common enemy, Frederick I Barbarossa.
ME66620. Bronze follaro, MEC Italy III 401 ff., Biaggi 1233, VF, weight 1.703 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Messina mint, 1166 - 1189; obverse + OPERATAT IN VRBE MESSANE, o / REX W / SCOVS in center (OV ligate); reverse Arabic legend "al-malik / Ghulyalim / al-thani" (King William 2nd) in center, "bi-amr al-malik al-mu'azzam al-musta'izz" around edge; $100.00 (€87.00)


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad I, King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1250 - 1254

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Conrad was the son of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. In Sicily he was Conrad I, but by other German titles he was known as Conrad IV.
ME67673. Billon mezzo denaro, apparently unpublished half denaro; cf. full denaro: MEC Italy III 585 ff., Biaggi 1269, Spahr 155, gVF, nice dark green patina, weight 0.377 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 90o, Messina mint, 1250 - 1254; obverse •+• CONRADVS, cross cantonnée with rhomboid in 1st and 4th quarters; reverse + IERL' ET. SICIL (Jerusalem and Sicily), Ω over RX; $100.00 (€87.00)


Kingdom of Sicily, Alfonso I (the Magnanimous) of Aragon, 1416 - 1458 A.D.

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Alfonso the Magnanimous was the King of Aragon (as Alfonso V), Valencia (as Alfonso III), Majorca, Sardinia and Corsica (as Alfonso II), Sicily (as Alfonso I) and Count of Barcelona (as Alfonso IV), and King of Naples (as Alfonso I). He was one of the most prominent figures of the early Renaissance and a knight of the Order of the Dragon.

The stripes on the arms of the Crown of Aragon are red and yellow.
ME70466. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 837, Biaggi 1349 (C), MIR Sicily 228 (R), gVF, nice patina, typical crowded flan, weight 0.741 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 315o, Messina mint, obverse + ALFOnS:D:GR, eagle standing facing, head right, wings open; reverse REX SICILI, arms of the Crown of Aragon (vertical stripes on shield), cross pattée above; $100.00 (€87.00)


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1197 - 1250

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Frederick II was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages. At two he was crowned King of Sicily, co-ruler with his mother Constance, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. In 1220, he was made King of the Romans, and as such, King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He became King of Jerusalem through marriage and the Sixth Crusade. Due to frequent disputes with the Papacy, he was excommunicated four times and Pope Gregory IX called him the Antichrist. An avid patron of science and the arts, he spoke Latin, Sicilian, German, French, Greek and Arabic.
ME71878. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 546, Spahr 116, MIR 278 (R3), Biaggi -, gF, grainy, weight 0.627 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi(?) mint, 1228(?); obverse +• F• IMPERATOR•, cross pattée; reverse + •R IERSL'• ET SICIL•, large F; rare; $100.00 (€87.00)


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1197 - 1250

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Frederick II was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages. At two he was crowned King of Sicily, co-ruler with his mother Constance, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. In 1220, he was made King of the Romans, and as such, King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He became King of Jerusalem through marriage and the Sixth Crusade. Due to frequent disputes with the Papacy, he was excommunicated four times and Pope Gregory IX called him the Antichrist. An avid patron of science and the arts, he spoke Latin, Sicilian, German, French, Greek and Arabic.
ME71104. Billon denaro, MIR 10 296 (R), MEC Italy III -, Biaggi -, VF, perfect centering, full legends, weight 0.868 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi mint, 1248 A.D.; obverse +ROM IMPR SEP AVG, FR, omega above; reverse + R EIRSL ET SICIL, cross pattée; rare; $100.00 (€87.00)


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1198 - 1250

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Frederick II was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages. At two he was crowned King of Sicily, co-ruler with his mother Constance, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. In 1220, he was made King of the Romans, and as such, King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He became King of Jerusalem through marriage and the Sixth Crusade. Due to frequent disputes with the Papacy, he was excommunicated four times and Pope Gregory IX called him the Antichrist. An avid patron of science and the arts, he spoke Latin, Sicilian, German, French, Greek and Arabic.
ME73014. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 549, MIR 282 (NC), Biaggi 455 (NC), Spahr 121, F, little wear but corrosion, weight 0.582 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, Brindisi mint, 1239; obverse F•- IM-PER-ATO-R•, long cross intersecting legend; reverse R•I-ER'-ET•S-ICL'•, crowned head superimposed at center on long cross intersecting legend; $100.00 (€87.00)


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Charles I of Anjou, 1266 - 1285

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Charles I of Anjou was the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262. He was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282.
ME73022. Billon denaro, MIR 10 343 (R), MEC Italy III 634, Spahr 35, Biaggi -, gF, green patina, weight 0.547 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi mint, 1266 - 1278; obverse + DEI GRA REX• SICIL•, KAR (AR ligate), Ω above; reverse DVC APVL' ET PRIC CAP, cross pattée, the horizontal beam a heraldic label with four pendants, a lis in each lower quarter; rare; $100.00 (€87.00)


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

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Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME73619. Bronze denaro, MIR 10 482 (NC, Manfredonia), MEC Italy III 613, Spahr 208, Biaggi -, VF, weight 0.600 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 90o, Brindisi or Manfredonia mint, 1258 - 1264; obverse + •AyNFR'•REX• (NF ligate), •m•; reverse + •SICILIE•, cross pattée; $100.00 (€87.00)


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

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The reading of the legends on this rare type is not certain. Biaggi did not have an adequate specimen and used a line drawing in place of the usual photograph. MEC notes there are no know specimens with clear legends.
ME54998. Bronze denaro, MEC Italy III 609A, Biaggi 1277 (R2), gVF, weight 0.738 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 270o, Messina mint, obverse + MAYNFRID, S entwined around cross; reverse + REX SICILIE, Ω over • R •; fantastic for the type!; rare; $95.00 (€82.65)


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Charles I of Anjou, 1266 - 1285

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Charles I of Anjou was the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262. He was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282.
ME66617. Billon denaro, MIR 10 343 (R), MEC Italy III 634, Spahr 35, Biaggi -, VF, weight 0.547 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 45o, Brindisi mint, 1266 - 1278; obverse + DEI GRA REX• SICIL•, KAR (AR ligate), Ω above; reverse DVC APVL' ET PRIC CAP, cross pattée, the horizontal beam a heraldic label with four pendants, a lis in each lower quarter; rare; $95.00 (€82.65)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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By 602, Maurice ordered the troops to stay beyond the Danube over winter, but they revolted and marched back to Constantinople under the leadership of Phocas. On 27 November, Maurice was captured trying to escape, he was forced to witness the slaughter of his five sons and all his supporters, and was beheaded. His wife, Constantina and his three daughters were spared, and sent to a monastery. Phocas was proclaimed the emperor.
BZ69192. Bronze decanummium, Anastasi 24c, DOC I 281, Hahn MIBE 140, Wroth BMC 249, Tolstoi 306, Ratto 1169, Sommer 7.100, SBCV 583, F, weight 3.225 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 588 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRIC - TIb P P AVC (or similar), helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, helmet with crest and pendilia, globus cruciger in right; reverse large X (10 nummi), SE-CI-LI-A in angles; $95.00 (€82.65)


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad I, King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1250 - 1254

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Conrad was the son of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. In Sicily he was Conrad I, but by other German titles he was known as Conrad IV.
ME70455. Billon denier, MIR 10 301 (NC), MEC Italy III 577 - 578, Biaggi 476, Spahr 158, aVF, weight 0.527 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 270o, Brindisi mint, obverse + • IERVSALEM •, C•O / R, --- above, within inner border; reverse + • ET • SICIL' • REX •, cross pattée, within inner border; $95.00 (€82.65)


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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Heraclius offered peace to Khusro, presumably in 624, threatening otherwise to invade Persia, but Khusro rejected the offer. Heraclius marched into Persia with an army of probably less than 25,000 men, willingly abandoning any attempt to secure his rear or maintain lines of communication. Heraclius fought brilliantly and bravely repeatedly defeated the Persian forces. When the war ended in 628, Khusro had been murdered by his own men, the Byzantines regained all their lost territories, their captured soldiers, a war indemnity, and most importantly for them, the True Cross and other relics that were lost in Jerusalem in 614.
BZ64050. Bronze dekanummium, Anastasi 62; DOC II part 1, 257; Wroth BMC 410; SBCV 886; Hahn MIB 241, VF, pit (flan defect?) on reverse, weight 5.067 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Catania mint, 625 - 626 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Heraclius on left, bearded, and Heraclius Constantine on right, beardless; both crowned, draped and cuirassed; cross between their heads; reverse large I (10 nummi), ANNO right, X/ς (year 16) right, CAT in exergue; scarce; $90.00 (€78.30)


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Ferdinand III the Catholic, 1504 - 1516

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Ferdinand III the Catholic in Naples, he is better known as Ferdinand II of Aragon. Hi marriage to Isabel of Castile would unite Spain and they famously financed Columbus' explorations. His defeat of Granada expunged the last Islamic state on Spanish soil, ending the centuries-long Reconquista. He also forced the conversion of Muslims and Jews to Catholicism, established the Spanish Inquisition, and destroyed over ten thousand Arabic manuscripts in Granada alone, burning them.
ME66326. Bronze sestino, MIR Napoli 120, PIR 7, F, weight 1.681 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 45o, Naples mint, 1504 - 1516; obverse + LETICIA POPVLI, crowned large F, flanked by two triangles with concave sides; reverse * IVSTVS REX, cross potent; $90.00 (€78.30)


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

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You have MIR 326. We have another of yours in the catalog identical listed as MIR 485. I don't have MIR Sicily. One must be wrong. Please check MIR.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME66340. Billon denaro apulo, Biaggi 485 (R), MIR Sicily 326 (R), Travaini 66, MEC Italy III - (discussed on p. 193, type 2), VF, weight 0.493 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 90o, Brindisi(?) mint, 1258 - c. 1263; obverse +• MANFREDVS•, gothic APl monogram, three pellets around, within inner border; reverse + REX• SICILIE•, cross pattée, wedge in each angle; rare; $90.00 (€78.30)


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad II (Conradin), King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1254 - 1258

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Conrad II in Sicily was officially Conrad III in Jerusalem but was called "the Younger" or "the Boy," and most often the diminutive "Conradin." Conradin was an infant when he assumed the throne. Manfred his regent, although only about 18 years old, acted loyally and with vigor in the execution of his trust. However, upon a false rumor of Conradin's death, Manfred was crowned king 1258 and refused to abdicate when the rumor was proved false. Pope Clement IV defeated and killed Manfred. At age 16, Conradin was defeated and beheaded by Charles of Anjou, ending the legitimate Hohenstaufen line.
ME66627. Billon denaro, MIR 322 (NC), MEC Italy III 597, Biaggi 484 (R), aVF, weight 0.566 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi mint, obverse + SECVNDVS• R, C in center surrounded by four crescents; reverse + IERL ET SICIL', cross with crescent in each quarter; scarce; $90.00 (€78.30)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In 654, Constans II appointed his two-year old son Constantine IV as co-emperor (Augustus). In 659. Constans II also elevated Constantine IV's younger brothers, Heraclius and Tiberius, as co-emperors.
SH69722. Bronze follis, Anastasi 157; DOC II, part 2, 180; Wroth BMC 358; Morrisson BnF 6; Tolstoi 278; Ratto 1604; Hahn MIB 209; Berk 696; Sommer 12.91; SBCV 1109, F+, overstruck, ragged flan, weight 5.629 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 135o, Syracuse mint, 654 - 659; obverse Constans (left) in military attire with long staff in right, and Constantine in chlamys with globus cruciger in right, both crowned and stand facing; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram above, SCL (Sicily) in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $90.00 (€78.30)


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick IV the Simple, 1355 - 1377

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Frederick was born in Catania. In his youth, his reign was under the control of powerful Sicilian barons, and was plagued by wars with the Kingdom of Naples and by the Black Death, which killed his elder brother and predecessor. In 1372 he was able to come to peace terms with Naples and Pope Gregory IX.
ME68266. Bronze denaro, MIR Sicily 204, Spahr 217, Biaggi 1325 var (head right), MEC Italy III -, VF, legends mostly unstruck or off flan, weight 0.711 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 200o, Messina mint, obverse + FRIDERICVS DEI R, crowned head left; reverse + GRA REX SICILIE, cross pattée, G in 1st quarter, L in 4th quarter; $90.00 (€78.30)


Normans, Kingdom of Sicily, Roger II, 1105 - 1154 A.D.

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Roger II was King of Sicily, son of Roger I of Sicily and successor to his brother Simon. He began his rule as Count of Sicily in 1105, became Duke of Apulia and Calabria in 1127, and then King of Sicily in 1130. Roger II is remembered for having united all of the Norman conquests in Italy under one strong central government. He was also the grandfather of Frederick II.
ME68268. Bronze follaro or half follaro, MIR Sicily 27 (follaro), MEC Italy III 180 (follaro), Biaggi 1222 (NC, half follero), Spahr 77 (half follero), F, typical crowded flan and uneven strike, weight 1.437 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 330o, Messina mint, c. 1130 - 1138 A.D.; obverse the king sitting facing on a throne, Latin inscription flanking: P/O/Γ/E/P/I - A/N/A/Σ (King Roger); reverse cross potent with pellet at each end, IC - XC / NI-KA (May Jesus Christ Conquer) in angles; scarce; $90.00 (€78.30)


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D., Countermarked in Sicily

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Heraclius came to power through revolt against Phocas. He defeated the Sassanids, but this only facilitated the Arab conquests. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died and Egypt fell soon after. Heraclius Constantine was made joint emperor at 8 months old. He was in poor health when his father died and lived only about 100 days as senior emperor.
BZ65617. Bronze follis, Anastasi 65a, DOC II 242, SBCV 883; Sicilian countermarks applied on Heraclius follis, Constantinople, year 21, 630 A.D. (DOC II 106a, SBCV 810), VF, obscure due to undertype effects and the crude nature of the type, weight 10.057 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Sicilian mint, 630 - 638 A.D.; obverse SCL within oval punch, over lower part undertype: standing figures on original coin; reverse facing crowned and draped busts of Heraclius (on left) and Heraclius Constantine, cross between their heads all within oval punch; over undertype: large M (40 nummi), ANNO left, XXI right, A (1st officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; scarce; $80.00 (€69.60)


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

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Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME66632. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 610, Biaggi 1278 (NC), MIR 10 480 (R), VF, well centered, weight 0.702 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 45o, Brindisi or Manfredonia mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + NFRIDVS REX, MA / Y in center, crescent above; reverse SICILIE +, long cross; scarce; $80.00 (€69.60)


Byzantine Empire, Constantine V and Leo IV, 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D.

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Constantine V was a successful military commander, defeating Bulgarians and Umayyad Muslims. Unfortunately his iconoclast policies diminished Byzantine influence in the West and he lost Ravenna to the Lombards in 751 A.D.
BZ65613. Bronze follis, Anastasi 421; SBCV 1568; DOC III, part 1, 18, gVF, earthen encrustation, weight 1.752 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, obverse K/W/N/S - ∆/E/C/Π, Constantine V standing facing, bearded, wearing crown and chlamys, akakia in right; reverse Λ/E/O/N - N/E/O/V, Leo IV standing facing, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, akakia in right; very scarce; $70.00 (€60.90)


Normans, Kingdom of Sicily, William II, 1166 - 1189 A.D.

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Secluded and pleasure-loving, William II, the Good, seldom emerged from his palace life at Palermo. Yet his reign was marked by an ambitious foreign policy and vigorous diplomacy. Champion of the papacy and in secret league with the Lombard cities he was able to defy the common enemy, Frederick I Barbarossa.
ME68451. Bronze follaro, MEC Italy III 401 ff., Biaggi 1233, VF, weight 0.762 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 180o, Messina mint, 1166 - 1189; obverse + OPERATAT IN VRBE MESSANE, o / REX W / SCOVS in center (OV ligate); reverse Arabic legend "al-malik / Ghulyalim / al-thani" (King William 2nd) in center, "bi-amr al-malik al-mu'azzam al-musta'izz" around edge; $70.00 (€60.90)


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick IV the Simple, 1355 - 1377

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Frederick was born in Catania. In his youth, his reign was under the control of powerful Sicilian barons, and was plagued by wars with the Kingdom of Naples and by the Black Death, which killed his elder brother and predecessor. In 1372 he was able to come to peace terms with Naples and Pope Gregory IX.
ME57792. Bronze denaro, MEC Italy III 805 var (no O on neck), Biaggi 1329 var (same); possibly an unpublished variation of a rare type, F, weight 0.397 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 225o, Sciacca mint, 1371 - 1376; obverse + FRIDERICUS DEI, crowned bust facing, cross on crown, O on neck; reverse + GRACIA REX, circle upon long cross, m in 4th quarter, rosette in other quarters; $50.00 (€43.50)


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

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Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME67160. Bronze denaro, MEC Italy III 610, Biaggi 1278 (NC), MIR 10 480 (R), VF, weight 0.830 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, die axis 315o, Brindisi or Manfredonia mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + NFRIDVS REX, MA / Y in center, crescent above; reverse SICILIE +, long cross; scarce; $45.00 (€39.15)


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

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The reading of the legends on this rare type is not certain. Biaggi did not have an adequate specimen and used a line drawing in place of the usual photograph. MEC notes there are no know specimens with clear legends.
ME54999. Bronze denaro, MEC Italy III 609A, Biaggi 1277 (R2), F, square flan, weight 0.993 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 270o, Messina mint, obverse + MAYNFRID, S entwined around cross; reverse + SICILIE REX, Ω over • R •; rare; $40.00 (€34.80)


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

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The reading of the legends on this rare type is not certain. Biaggi did not have an adequate specimen and used a line drawing in place of the usual photograph. MEC notes there are no know specimens with clear legends.
ME55000. Bronze denaro, MEC Italy III 609A, Biaggi 1277 (R2), F, clashed dies, rough, weight 0.412 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, Messina mint, obverse + MAYNFRID, S entwined around cross; reverse + SICILIE REX, Ω over • R •; rectangular flan; rare; $40.00 (€34.80)


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

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The reading of the legends on this rare type is not certain. Biaggi did not have an adequate specimen and used a line drawing in place of the usual photograph. MEC notes there are no know specimens with clear legends.
ME55001. Bronze denaro, MEC Italy III 609A, Biaggi 1277 (R2), VF, weight 0.765 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 180o, Messina mint, obverse + MAYNFRID, S entwined around cross; reverse + SICILIE REX, Ω over • R •; rare; $40.00 (€34.80)


Byzantine Empire, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.

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Anastasi identifes the denomination as a half follis; all other references identify it as a follis. He believes the M on the reverse no longer indicated the value, but was imitative of earlier folles. Anastasi distinguishes between the follis and half follis by diameter and the height of the M. The follis (Anastasi 548) is c. 18-22mm diameter and the M on the follis is 11-12mm high. The half follis (Anastasi 549) has a diameter c. 14-16mm and the M on the half follis is 7-10mm high.
BZ58551. Bronze half follis, Anastasi 549; SBCV 1681; DOC III, part 1, 30 (follis); Spahr 432 (follis); Calciati MBBS 91A (follis); Trivero 122 (follis), VF, off-center, weight 1.545 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 170o, Syracuse mint, 830 - 831; obverse ΘEOFILOS bASI, facing bust wearing crown and chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse large M, cross above, X/X/X - N/N/N (Christos Nikos?), Θ below; $40.00 (€34.80)


Byzantine Empire, Leo V the Armenian and Constantine, 25 December 813 - 25 December 820 A.D.

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Charlemagne died at Aachen on 28 January 814 A.D.
BZ67006. Bronze follis, Anastasi 488; DOC III, part 1, 17; Wroth BMC 27; Morrisson BnF 8; Tolstoi 24; Ratto 1806; Sommer 29.8, Spahr 373, SBCV 1636, aF, edge chips, encrustation, weight 2.116 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 814 - 815 A.D.; obverse Λ-E/O, facing bust of Leo with short beard, wearing crown and loros, cross potent in right, star right; reverse K-ONCT, facing bust of Constantine, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, globus cruciger in right, C left, I right; $40.00 (€34.80)


Byzantine Empire, Constantine IV, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.

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In 680, the Bulgars under Asparukh subjugated the area of current-day Bulgaria. In 681, after the Bulgars defeated the Byzantine Empire, a peace treaty with Constantinople and the establishment of a permanent capital at Pliska south of the Danube marked the beginning of the First Bulgarian Empire. The Bulgars gradually mixed up with the local population, adopting a common Slavonic based language.
BZ65926. Bronze follis, Anastasi 244, DOC II 61, Berk 741, Hahn 106, SBCV 1208, F, weight 5.346 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 90o, Syracuse mint, 679 - 681 A.D.; obverse diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, beardless, spear in right, shield on left ornamented with horseman; reverse M between Heraclius (on left) and Tiberius, each stands wearing a crown with cross and chlamys, each holds globus cruciger, monogram above, SCL in exergue; scarce; $32.00 (€27.84)




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Catalog current as of Tuesday, June 30, 2015.
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Medieval Sicily