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Home>Catalog>MedievalCoins>Sicily PAGE 4/6«««123456»»»

Medieval Coins of Sicily


Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad I, King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1250 - 1254
Click for a larger photo Conrad was the son of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. In Sicily he was Conrad I, but by other German titles he was known as Conrad IV.
ME70455. Billon denier, MIR 10 301 (NC), MEC Italy III 577 - 578, Biaggi 476, Spahr 158, aVF, weight 0.527 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 270o, Brindisi mint, obverse + • IERVSALEM •, C•O / R, --- above, within inner border; reverse + • ET • SICIL' • REX •, cross pattée, within inner border; $110.00 (€94.60)

Byzantine Empire, Leo V the Armenian and Constantine, 25 December 813 - 25 December 820 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 815, Leo concluded a 30-year peace treaty with Khan Omurtag of Bulgaria. The treaty was honored by both sides and renewed after the accession of Michael II in 820. In 821, Thomas the Slav rebelled and laid siege to Constantinople to seize the Imperial throne. Omurtag sent an army to help Michael II put down the rebellion. Byzantine accounts report that Thomas' army was routed at the Battle of Kedouktos (winter 822 or spring 823), however, modern scholars consider the battle a victory, albeit costly, for the rebel.
BZ65995. Bronze follis, Anastasi 497; DOC III, part 1, 19; SBCV 1635, gVF, typical tight flan, weight 3.267 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, 817 - 820 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Leo, on left, with short beard and Constantine, each wears crown and chlamys, cross between above; reverse Λ•K (initials of Leon and Konstantine), cross above; $105.00 (€90.30)

Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266
Click for a larger photo You have MIR 326. We have another of yours in the catalog identical listed as MIR 485. I don't have MIR Sicily. One must be wrong. Please check MIR.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME66340. Billon denaro apulo, Biaggi 485 (R), MIR Sicily 326 (R), Travaini 66, MEC Italy III - (discussed on p. 193, type 2), VF, weight 0.493 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 90o, Brindisi(?) mint, 1258 - c. 1263; obverse +• MANFREDVS•, gothic APl monogram, three pellets around, within inner border; reverse + REX• SICILIE•, cross pattée, wedge in each angle; rare; $105.00 (€90.30)

Normans, Kingdom of Sicily, William II, 1166 - 1189 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Secluded and pleasure-loving, William II, the Good, seldom emerged from his palace life at Palermo. Yet his reign was marked by an ambitious foreign policy and vigorous diplomacy. Champion of the papacy and in secret league with the Lombard cities he was able to defy the common enemy, Frederick I Barbarossa.
ME66620. Bronze follaro, MEC Italy III 401 ff., Biaggi 1233, VF, weight 1.703 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Messina mint, 1166 - 1189; obverse + OPERATAT IN VRBE MESSANE, o / REX W / SCOVS in center (OV ligate); reverse Arabic legend "al-malik / Ghulyalim / al-thani" (King William 2nd) in center, "bi-amr al-malik al-mu'azzam al-musta'izz" around edge; $105.00 (€90.30)

Normans, Kingdom of Sicily, William II, 1166 - 1189 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The Normans entered Sicily and southern Italy in order to fight the Byzantines and Arabs. They conquered the land and after long wars, they established a powerful kingdom that had to be recognized by the Pope.
ME68290. Bronze 3 follaro, MEC Italy III 425 ff., Travaini 166 ff., Biaggi 1231, aVF, weight 10.409 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, Messina mint, second copper coinage; obverse facing lion head mask; reverse palm tree with dates; $105.00 (€90.30)

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Heraclius offered peace to Khusro, presumably in 624, threatening otherwise to invade Persia, but Khusro rejected the offer. Heraclius marched into Persia with an army of probably less than 25,000 men, willingly abandoning any attempt to secure his rear or maintain lines of communication. Heraclius fought brilliantly and bravely repeatedly defeated the Persian forces. When the war ended in 628, Khusro had been murdered by his own men, the Byzantines regained all their lost territories, their captured soldiers, a war indemnity, and most importantly for them, the True Cross and other relics that were lost in Jerusalem in 614.
BZ64050. Bronze dekanummium, Anastasi 62; DOC II part 1, 257; Wroth BMC 410; SBCV 886; Hahn MIB 241, VF, pit (flan defect?) on reverse, weight 5.067 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Catania mint, 625 - 626 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Heraclius on left, bearded, and Heraclius Constantine on right, beardless; both crowned, draped and cuirassed; cross between their heads; reverse large I (10 nummi), ANNO right, X/ς (year 16) right, CAT in exergue; scarce; $100.00 (€86.00)

Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Ferdinand III the Catholic, 1504 - 1516
Click for a larger photo Ferdinand III the Catholic in Naples, he is better known as Ferdinand II of Aragon. Hi marriage to Isabel of Castile would unite Spain and they famously financed Columbus' explorations. His defeat of Granada expunged the last Islamic state on Spanish soil, ending the centuries-long Reconquista. He also forced the conversion of Muslims and Jews to Catholicism, established the Spanish Inquisition, and destroyed over ten thousand Arabic manuscripts in Granada alone, burning them.
ME66326. Bronze sestino, MIR Napoli 120, PIR 7, F, weight 1.681 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 45o, Naples mint, 1504 - 1516; obverse + LETICIA POPVLI, crowned large F, flanked by two triangles with concave sides; reverse * IVSTVS REX, cross potent; $100.00 (€86.00)

Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1198 - 1250
Click for a larger photo Frederick II was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages. At three he was crowned King of Sicily, co-ruler with his mother Constance, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. In 1220, he was made King of the Romans, and as such, King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He became King of Jerusalem through marriage and the Sixth Crusade. Due to frequent disputes with the Papacy, he was excommunicated four times and Pope Gregory IX called him the Antichrist. An avid patron of science and the arts, he spoke Latin, Sicilian, German, French, Greek and Arabic.
ME66346. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 549, MIR 282 (NC), Biaggi 455 (NC), VF, porous, weight 0.533 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 45o, Brindisi(?) mint, 1236 - 1239; obverse F•- IM-PER-ATO-R•, long cross intersecting legend; reverse R•I-ER'-ET•S-ICL'•, crowned head superimposed at center on long cross intersecting legend; $100.00 (€86.00)

Byzantine Empire, Justinian II, 10 July 685 - Late 695 and Summer 705 - 4 November 711 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 688 and 689, Justinian II defeated the Bulgars, restored Byzantine rule in Thrace and Macedonia, and recaptured Thessalonica, the second most important Byzantine city in Europe. He resettled the subdued Slavs in Anatolia and required them to provide 30,000 men to the Byzantine army.
BZ68158. Bronze follis, Anastasi 275; SBCV 1294; DOC II, part 2, 53; Hahn MIB 67; Spahr 209; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -; Sommer -, F, weight 3.890 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 1st reign, 688 - 689 A.D.; obverse facing bust, wearing crown with cross and jeweled robe, akakia in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse large M (40 nummi), Justinian's monogram above, SCL in ex; scarce; $100.00 (€86.00)

Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1197 - 1250
Click for a larger photo Frederick II was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages. At three he was crowned King of Sicily, co-ruler with his mother Constance, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. In 1220, he was made King of the Romans, and as such, King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He became King of Jerusalem through marriage and the Sixth Crusade. Due to frequent disputes with the Papacy, he was excommunicated four times and Pope Gregory IX called him the Antichrist. An avid patron of science and the arts, he spoke Latin, Sicilian, German, French, Greek and Arabic.
ME71878. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 546, Spahr 116, MIR 278 (R3), Biaggi -, gF, grainy, weight 0.627 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi(?) mint, 1228(?); obverse +• F• IMPERATOR•, cross pattée; reverse + •R IERSL'• ET SICIL•, large F; rare; $100.00 (€86.00)



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Medieval Sicily