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This page includes the coins of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, his followers and his enemies.
Sulla was one of the great men of Roman history. His rival, Gnaeus Papirius Carbo, described Sulla as having the cunning of a fox and the courage of a lion - but that it was the former attribute that was by far the most dangerous. Sulla marched his armies on Rome twice, and after the second time he took the office of dictator. He used his power to reform the Roman constitution, attempting to strengthen the Republic by ending the struggle between optimates and populares. The former sought to maintain the power of the oligarchy through the Senate, while the latter sought populist reforms. He then stunned the Roman World (and posterity) by resigning the dictatorship, restoring normal constitutional government, and retiring to private life. Despite his efforts, Sulla's did not strengthen the Republic. Instead, he set the precedent for Julius Caesar's dictatorship, and the eventual end of the Republic under Augustus.
Roman Republic, Q. Antonius Balbus, 83 B.C.
Q. Antonius Balbus was a member of the Marian party and issued this coinage by special decree of the Senate to prepare for opposition to Sulla's return to Rome. In 82 B.C. he was appointed praetor in Sardinia. He was driven from Sardinia by L. Philippus, the legate of Sulla, and slain. Sulla prevailed and the Victory on the reverse of this type was proven a false hope. -- The Coinage of the Roman Republic by Edward A. SydenhamRR86194. Silver denariusserratus, BMCRR I 2732 (same control), Crawford 364/1b, Sydenham 742, RSC IAntonia 1a, SRCV I 279, EF, broad flan, slightly off center, weight 3.468 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 83 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right, S C behind, M (control letter) below; reverseVictory in a quadriga right, wreath in right and reins and palm frond in left, Q ANTO BALB / PR (ANT and AL in monogram) in exergue; $280.00 (€238.00)
Roman Republic, Q. Pompeius Rufus, c. 54 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit
Lucius Cornelius SullaFelix, commonly known as Sulla, was one of the great men of Roman history. He used his power as dictator to reform the Roman constitution, with the intent to balance power between the oligarchy of Senate (optimates) and the populism of the tribunes (populares). He then stunned the Roman World (and posterity) by resigning the dictatorship, restoring normal constitutional government, and after his second Consulship, retiring to private life. Ultimately his reforms were inadequate and the republic was made an empire.SH60232. Fouree silver plateddenarius, cf. Crawford 434/1; Sydenham 908, RSC IPompeia 4 (official, Rome mint, solid silver, 54 B.C.), VF, some core exposure, weight 2.984 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 90o, illegal mint, obverse Q POM RVFI, RVFVS COS, head of Q. Pompeius Rufus right; reverseSVLLA COS, head of Sulla right; rare; SOLD
Roman Republic, L. Sulla and L. Manlius Torquatus, 82 B.C.
This issue was struck for the civil war in Italy 82 B.C. L. Manlius Torquatus was proquaestor to Sulla during the Mithridatic war (he was later Consul - 65 B.C.).SH58543. Silver denarius, SRCV I 286, RSC IManlia 4, Crawford 367/5, Sydenham 757, Choice VF, toned, weight 3.893 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 270o, military mint, 82 B.C.; obversehead of Roma right, PROQ (proquaestor) behind, MANLI before; reverseSulla walking in a quadriga right, holding reins in right hand and caduceus in left, crowned by Victory flying above, L SVLLA IM (imperator) in exergue; ex Sayles and Lavender; SOLD
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