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Pannonian Celts, Eravisci, Middle Danube, Imitative of Roman Republic, c. 74 - 40 B.C.
The die wear indicates a large number of this type was struck. On some examples the reverse legend appears to match the Roman original, POSTVMI / TA (TA ligate). On this specimen and another handled by Forum, it is blundered and appears to read SIVSAV / A. The Roman Republic prototype, struck by the moneyer C. Postumius, commemorated prayers at the shrine of Diana before the Battle of Lake Regillus, when the moneyer's ancestor, A. Postumius Albus Regillensis, was a consul. The hound was the companion of Diana the Huntress. See Phil Davis' website, "Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" - https://rrimitations.ancients.info/SH95314. Silver imitative denarius, cf. Freeman Eraviscan 24; Davis class B, group II, E15; Chitescu 173; for Roman Republic C. Postumius prototype see Crawford 394/1, VF, although it appears worn, this coin is nearly as struck with very worn crude dies, weight 3.469 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, c. 74 - 40 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse hound bounding right, wearing collar, hunting spear below, remnants of legend POSTVMI TA (TA ligate) in exergue; rare; $125.00 (€115.00)
Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia
Artemis is depicted here in the same pose as The Diana of Versailles, a slightly over life-size Roman marble statue from the 1st or 2nd century A.D., copying a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 B.C. The sculpture has a stag at her side, rather than a hound. The sculpture may have come from a sanctuary at Nemi or possibly from Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli. In 1556, it was given by Pope Paul IV to Henry II of France, a subtle allusion to the king's mistress, Diane de Poitiers. It is now in the Musée du Louvre, Paris.RP94243. Bronze AE 28, Karwiese 1032(c); SNGvA 1922; SNG Cop -; SNG Hunter -; BMC Ionia -, aVF, green patina, earthen deposits, light corrosion, weight 7.719 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesos mint, obverse AYT K ΠO ΛIKIN BAΛEPIANOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse EΦECIΩN Γ NEOKOPΩN, Artemis advancing right, bow in left hand, with right hand drawing arrow from quiver, on shoulder, hound at feet behind running right; $80.00 (€73.60)
Eryx, Sicily, c. 400 - 390 B.C.
Calciati 13 and SNG 1328 are similar to this coin but with a female head on the obverse and the pellet above the dog on the reverse. Calciati 13A has a male head, but the dog faces left. The only reference that records this specific type is the Handbook of Greek Coins. The photographed HGC coin shares the same reverse die with our coin, but is incorrectly described as a hexantes or dionkia with an additional (second) pellet above. Despite the lack of examples in the primary references (and we checked more than listed here), there are several examples online.SH90697. Bronze onkia, HGC 2 315 (R1) corr. (same rev. die); Calciati I p. 283, 13A var. (hound left, etc.); SNG III additions pl. 42, 1328 var. (pellet above, etc.), Choice VF, superb style, weak reverse legend, weight 3.094 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 90o, Eryx (Erice, Sicily) mint, c. 400 - 390 B.C.; obverse beardless, young male head right; reverse EP-YKIN-O-N, dog standing right, head turned back, right foreleg on hare on its back below, pellet right; very rare; SOLD