Piakos, , c. 425 - 400 B.C.
Struck with unsigned dies by the ?Maestro della Foglia.? was the first to suggest that this famed artist who magnificent masterpieces for Katane, was also the engraver for the dies of this Piakos coinage. Other experts have agreed. This particular might have been his very first . dates the to a possible period of transitory independence, 425 - 424 B.C., during the time of the first Carthaginian invasion of to shortly after Gela's conference. Other authorities date it as late as 400 B.C.SH71341. Bronze tetras, III p. 198, 2; pl. LX, 14; 1101 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF, 2.357 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 45o, Piakos mint, c. 425 - 400 B.C.; P•I•A•K (pellets are mark of value), laureate and horned of a young river-god left; hound right attacking fallen stag right, seizing her by the throat, barley kernel on left and another on right; ; $330.00 (€293.70)
Segesta, , c. 390 - 380 B.C.
Segesta, in the northwestern , was one of the major cities of the Elymians, one of the three indigenous peoples of . Greeks settled in the city and the Elymians were quickly Hellenized. Segesta was in eternal conflict with Selinus. The first clashes were in 580 - 576 B.C., and again in 454 B.C. In 415 B.C. Segesta asked Athens for against Selinus, leading to a disastrous Athenian expedition in . Later they asked for . After destroyed Selinus, Segesta remained a loyal ally. It was besieged by Dionysius of in 397 B.C., and destroyed by Agathocles in 307 B.C., but recovered. In 276 B.C. the city allied with Pyrrhus, but changed sides and surrendered to the Romans in 260 B.C. Due to the mythical common origin of the Romans and the Elymians (both descendants of refugees from Troy), Rome designated Segesta a "free and immune" city. In 104 B.C., the slave rebellion led by Athenion started in Segesta. Little is known about the city under Roman rule. It was destroyed by the .BB76867. Bronze hexas, I p. 302, 46; 1200 (R2); -; -; -; -, F, green , 5.372 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, Segesta mint, c. 390 - 380 B.C.; of nymph Aigiste right, ; hound right, lowered scenting, no or ; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, , Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of and later most of . Machiavelli wrote of him, It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious and cited him as an example of those who by their crimes come to be princes. According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.GI76940. Bronze AE 13, cf. II p. 284, 149 R1 6 (controls, Timoleon); 744 (same); 748 (same); 1525 (R1); -; -, -, VF, , green , some corrosion, 1.877 g, maximum 12.9 mm, 90o, mint, c. 295 - 289 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣION, laureate of left, behind; dog seated left, looking back right at tail?, Y (control letter) above, A (control letter) in ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D., ,
is depicted here in the same pose as The of Versailles, a slightly over life-size Roman marble statue from the 1st or 2nd century A.D., copying a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 B.C. The sculpture has a stag at her side. The sculpture may have come from a sanctuary at Nemi or possibly from Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli. In 1556, it was given by Pope Paul IV to II of France, a subtle allusion to the king's mistress, Diane de Poitiers. It is now in the Musée du Louvre, .RP79982. Bronze AE 25, 80, 162, 162 (O28/R284), 2169 (R4) (running left), 3573, -, VF, excellent portrait, , nice sea green , light marks and scratches, areas of light corrosion, 9.948 g, maximum 25.1 mm, 180o, (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, C M ANTONINVS DIADV, bare-headed, draped right, from behind; COL FL PA C DEVLT, ( ) advancing right, drawing arrow from quiver with right hand, bow in left hand, dog bounding right at feet on far side; ex Numismatics ($125, summer 2008); ; $165.00 (€146.85)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial
The ancients did not agree on the attributes of . A passage in affirms that many recognized in this god, , imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with , the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as , possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis of the infernal regions. On this coin, Pluto's influence is evident with the fearsome at Serapis' feet.RP72130. Bronze , cf. Dattari-Savio 8907 - 8908, Dattari-Savio Suppl. pl. 20, 165, 1616/1620, 2011, 35.444, 1668, aF, porous, rough, , 22.957 g, maximum 34.6 mm, 45o, mint, 29 Aug 148 - 28 Aug 149 A.D.; AVT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC CEB EVC, laureate right; L ∆W∆EKATOV (year 12), temple with two columns, seated left within, right hand resting on a at his feet, long vertical behind in left, orb in ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial
The ancients did not agree on the attributes of . A passage in affirms that many recognized in this god, , imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with , the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as , possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis of the infernal regions. On this coin, Pluto's influence is evident with the fearsome at Serapis' feet.RX76581. , 32.571, 1094, 1479, 1399, 892, 623, 6739 var. (date), aF, , grainy and porous, 10.343 g, maximum 13.74 mm, 0o, mint, 29 Aug 133 - 28 Aug 134 A.D.; AYT KAIC TPAIAN A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate and draped right, from behind; seated left, reaching with right to at feet left, long vertical in right, LI - H (regnal year 18) across fields; $100.00 (€89.00)
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