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This type was issued to commemorate the founding of the Roman province Arabia Petraea, consisting of the former Nabataean kingdom in Jordan, the southern Levant, the Sinai Peninsula, and the northwestern area of the Arabian peninsula. Trajan completed the Via Nova Traiana, a road from Bostra through Petra to the port at Aqaba, made Bostra the capital of the province, and awarded Petra the status of metropolis. Unlike Armenia, Mesopotamia, and Assyria, Rome held Arabia long after Trajan's rule. In Diocletian's restructuring of the empire in 284 - 305, the province was enlarged to include parts of modern-day Israel. After Diocletian, Arabia became a part of the Diocese of Oriens ("the East"). In the Byzantine period, Arabia was the frontline of Byzantine-Sassanid Wars. In the 5th or 6th century, it was transformed into Palaestina Salutaris.SH26657. Silver denarius, RIC II 245, Woytek 396b, RSC II 26, BMCRE III 474, SRCV II -, aEF, attractive dark glossy toning, weight 3.055 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 112 - 115 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR PCOS VI P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse ARAB ADQ (in ex) S P Q ROPTIMO PRINCIPI, Arabia standing front, head left, holding branch and bundle of cinnamon sticks, camel walking left behind at feet; SOLD
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Bostra, Arabia
Bostra was the northern Nabataean capital, until Trajan annexed the kingdom. It was then capital of Provincia Arabia, where the Third LegioCyrenaica was garrisoned. The emperor Philip was born in Bostra and designated it a metropolis.RP12661. Silver drachm, SNG Cop 204, BMCRE III 61, Sydenham 182, SNG ANS 1155 - 1157, gVF, weight 3.302 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, c. 112 - 114 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIAN CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠA T E (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 5th time), Arabia stands facing, head left, holding branch and cinnamon, camel left behind; SOLD
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
RB17477. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC II 614; BMCRE III 977 note; Cohen II 34, F, weight 24.111 g, maximum diameter 32.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 112 - 117 A.D.; obverseIMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR PCOS VI P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse ARAB ADQVIS (in ex) S P Q ROPTIMO PRINCIPI S C, Arabia standing front, head left, branch in right hand, bundle of cinnamon sticks in left, camel walking left behind at feet; nice blue-green patina; SOLD