Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, Akragas was founded c. 582 B.C. by colonists from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to Syracuse in importance on Sicily, but was sacked by Carthage in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed Agrigentum after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.
SH56732. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati I p. 172, 6; SNG ANS 1029; SNG München -; SNG Cop -, aF, weight 13.624 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 90o, Akragas mint, c. 425 - 406 B.C.; obverse AKPA, eagle left, wings open, head lowered, clutching dead hare in talons; reverse crab, crayfish left below, three pellets flanking claws on each side (six total), all within a shallow round incuse; $200.00 (€174.00)
Messana, Sicily, 411 - 408 B.C.
Founded by Greek colonists in the 8th century BC, Messina was originally called Zancle, from the Greek meaning "scythe" because of the shape of its natural harbor (though a legend attributes the name to King Zanclus). In the early 5th century BC, Anaxilas of Rhegium renamed it Messene in honor of the Greek city Messene.
GB66780. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati I p. 51, 9mv4/1; BMC Sicily p. 107, 71; cf. SNG ANS 390 (controls obscure), VF, weight 4.673 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Messana mint, obverse ΠEΛΩPIAΣ, head of nymph Peloria left, hair in ampyx and sphendone, dolphin behind neck; reverse MEΣΣANIΩN, trident, A P between prongs, scallop shell left, hare downward on right; rare; $195.00 (€169.65)
Akragas, Sicily, c. 425 - 406 B.C.
Akragas was founded early in the 6th century by colonists from Gela. It was second only to Syracuse in importance on Sicily, but was sacked by the Carthaginians in 406 B.C. It was renamed Agrigentum after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.
GB70596. Bronze hexas, cf. Calciati I, p. 188, 70; HGC 2 144 (S); SNG ANS 1053 var (both fish right); SNG Morcom 524 var (same); SNG Cop 79 var (same and eagle on fish), F, weight 6.890 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 315o, Akragas mint, c. 425 - 406 B.C.; obverseeagle right, wings open, standing on hare in talons; reverse crab, pellets outside each claw, two fish below the one on top left, the one below right; scarce; $170.00 (€147.90)
Akragas, Sicily, 287 - 241 B.C.
Zeus Hellanios may be translated as "Zeus worshipped by all Greeks." In Sicily, Zeus Hellanios was depicted without a beard, and so is often mistaken for Apollo. Zeus Hellanios may have been depicted on this coin type to help unify the Greeks against Carthage. It highlights a commonality among all Greeks and a distinction between them and the Phoenicians, who worshipped Melquart.
GB69009. Bronze trias, Calciati p 214, 134; SNG ANS 134; cf. SNG Morcom 541; SNG Cop 113 var (∆ control letter on obv); HGC 2 159, VF, nice patina, weight 4.360 g, maximum diameter 19.22 mm, die axis 90o, Akragas mint, 287 - 241 B.C.; obverse beardless and laureate head of Zeus Hellanios right; reverse two eagles left, hare in talons, nearest with head upright screaming, eagle behind head lowered on hare; $160.00 (€139.20)