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Founded by Greek colonists in the 8th century BC, Messina was originally called Zancle, from the Greek meaning "scythe" because of the shape of its natural harbor (though a legend attributes the name to King Zanclus). In the early 5th century BC, Anaxilas of Rhegium renamed it Messene in honor of the Greek city Messene.GB66780. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati I p. 51, 9mv4/1; BMC Sicily p. 107, 71; cf. SNG ANS 390 (controls obscure), VF, weight 4.673 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Messana mint, 411 - 408 B.C.; obverse ΠEΛΩPIAΣ, head of nymph Peloria left, hair in ampyx and sphendone, dolphin behind neck; reverse MEΣΣANIΩN, trident, A P between prongs, scallop shell left, hare downward on right; rare; $90.00 (Ä76.50)
Akragas, Sicily, 287 - 241 B.C.
Zeus Hellanios may be translated as "Zeus worshiped by all Greeks." In Sicily, Zeus Hellanios was depicted without a beard, and so is often mistaken for Apollo. Zeus Hellanios may have been depicted on this coin type to help unify the Greeks against Carthage. It highlights a commonality among all Greeks and a distinction between them and the Phoenicians, who worshiped Melqart.GB69009. Bronze trias, Calciati p 214, 134; SNG ANS 134; cf. SNG Morcom 541; SNG Cop 113 var. (∆ control letter on obv.); HGC 2 159, VF, nice patina, weight 4.360 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 90o, Akragas (Agrigento, Sicily, Italy) mint, 287 - 241 B.C.; obverse beardless and laureate head of Zeus Hellanios right; reverse two eagles left, hare in talons, nearest with head upright screaming, eagle behind head lowered on hare; $90.00 (Ä76.50)
Messana, Sicily, c. 450 B.C.
The H on the obverse might mark the denomination (HMIΛITPON).GS83255. Silver hemilitron, Pozzi 1102; BMC Sicily p. 106, 65; SNG Cop -, F/Fair, weight 0.347 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 0o, Messana mint, obverse hare leaping right, H below; reverse ME in wreath; rare tiny denomination; SOLD