, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising signs. Perhaps selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority.
SH84736. Silver , 1271 (same dies, attributed to auxiliary workshop, ), 126 (R2), 21, 346, 145, 1592, aMS, nearly as struck, mint luster, and bold strike, a few light marks, die wear, 3.809 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 180o, uncertain Spanish ( ?) mint, 16 B.C.; right, dot , ; capricorn right, filleted overflowing with grain and fruit on its back, celestial globe and rudder with tiller held between hooves, below; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; ; $3500.00 (€3115.00)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., ,
Located near Lampsacus, belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it was in the domain of and then the Attalid dynasty. refounded it as a within the province of . After was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.RP70938. Bronze AE 21, 304; 1343; p. 108, 116, VF, perfect centering, struck with a damaged die, 4.774 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 180o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, IMP VALERIANVS , ,draped and right; Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between legs, on back, C G I H P ( Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; ex Russian Coins; $360.00 (€320.40)
Kingdom of , Rhoemetalkes I, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.
When the Cotys VII, of , died about 48 B.C. Rhoemetalces I became the guardian of his nephew Rhescuporis I, his brother's young son and heir. In 13 B.C., Rhescuporis I was defeated and slain in battle by Vologases, chief of the Thracian Bessi, who was leading a revolt against Rome. As Rhescuporis I had left no heir, Rhoemetalces became . An ally of , the Roman Historian described Rhoemetalces as attractive and civilized. After his death, divided his realm, half for his son Cotys and the other half for Rhoemetalces' brother Rhescuporis II. states that Cotys received the cultivated parts, most towns and most Greek cities of , while Rhescuporis received the wild and savage portion with enemies on its frontier.RP72883. Bronze AE 15, 159, 1707, -, -, -, VF, 1.999 g, maximum 14.6 mm, 225o, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.; K ΣEBAΣTOY, capricorn right, globe upper right between legs; POIMH, advancing right, raising in extended right, grounded frond before her in left; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Kingdom of Commagene, and Callinicus, 72 A.D.
In 72 A.D., only two years after Antiochus IV, of Commagene, sent troops, commanded by his son , to aid in the siege of Jerusalem, he was accused by the governor of of conspiring with against Rome. After a reign of thirty-four years from his first appointment by , Antiochus was deprived of his kingdom. He retired first to Sparta, and then to Rome, where he passed the remainder of his life and was treated with great respect. Antiochus' sons, and Callinicus briefly ruled the kingdom but after an encounter with Roman troops, fled to . They later joined their father in Rome.SH90336. Bronze AE 21, 3861; p. 110, 1 ff.; 3440; 5515, F, 7.954 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 45o, Samosata (Samsat, Turkey) mint, 72 A.D.; and Callinicus riding left on horseback, each wearing , BACIΛEΩC / YIOI in ; KOMMAΓHNΩN, Capricorn right, above, flukes left below, all within laurel , of dots; ex John Jencek; $170.00 (€151.30)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Zeugma, Commagene,
notes coins of from Zeugma share dies with his coins from Antioch and were probably struck at the Antioch mint.
Zeugma was founded by Seleucus I Nicator who almost certainly named the city Seleucia after himself. In 64 B.C. the city was conquered by Rome and renamed Zeugma, meaning "bridge of boats." On the Silk Road connecting Antioch to China, Zeugma had a pontoon bridge across the Euphrates, which was the long time with the Persian Empire. The IV Scythica was camped in Zeugma. The legion and the trade station brought great wealth to Zeugma until, in 256, Zeugma was fully destroyed by the Sassanid , Shapur I. An earthquake then buried the city beneath rubble. The city never regained its earlier prosperity and, after Arab raids in the 5th and 6th centuries, it was abandoned again.RY90698. Bronze AE 32, p. 127, 28; 29; 31 var. (AVT K M AV -..., and slight drapery), F, 18.971 g, maximum 32.4 mm, 315o, Antioch(?) mint, AVT KAI MAP AVP - ANTΩNEINOC CE, laureate right; ZEYΓM−ATEΩN (Z reversed), of Zeus(?) with containing of trees, capricorn right in ; big 32 mm bronze!; $125.00 (€111.25)
, Augusta, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Zeugma, Commagene,
A is a temple with four columns. A is a court enclosed by a wall, especially one surrounding an ancient Greek or Roman temple.GB90700. Bronze AE 29, p. 128, 34; 31b; 435 var. (capricorn right); 4056 var. (same); -, VF, perfect centering, 18.168 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 180o, Zeugma mint, Feb 244 - end Sep 249 A.D.; MAP ΩTAKIΛ CEOYHPAN CEB, draped right, wearing , crescent behind shoulders; ZEYΓM−ATEΩN, with enclosing the sacred of trees, statue of seated Zeus within temple, capricorn left in ; $110.00 (€97.90)
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