Amphipolis, , c. 168 - 149 B.C.
On 22 June 168 B.C., Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus won the decisive Battle of Pydna. Perseus of was made prisoner and the Third Macedonian War ended. Paullus executed 500 Macedonians, exiled many more to Italy and confiscated their belongings in the name of Rome but according to Plutarch, keeping too much to himself. On the return to Rome in 167 BC, his legions were displeased with their share of the plunder. To keep them happy, Paullus stopped in , a kingdom suspected of sympathizing with ; 70 towns were sacked, 150,000 people enslaved, and the region was left bankrupt. Paullus' return to Rome was glorious. With the immense plunder collected in and , he celebrated a spectacular triumph, featuring the captured of himself. The senate awarded him the Macedonicus.GB83472. Bronze AE 19, p. 48, 40 - 41; 51; -; -, Nice VF, attractive , nice green , 5.610 g, maximum 18.7 mm, 0o, Amphipolis mint, c. 168 - 149 B.C.; ivy-wreathed of Dionysos right; goat standing right, AMΦIΠO/ΛEITΩN in two lines, starting above, ending in ; ; $170.00 (€151.30)
Ainos, , c. 427 - 424 B.C.
Aenus, Enez, Turkey today, was on the southeastern coast of , near the mouth of the Hebrus River, not far from the Melas Gulf (modern Gulf of Saros), which is formed by the Thracian Chersonesus to the east. The city was said to be founded (or at least settled) by Aeolian migrants from . Its mythical and eponymous founder was said to be Aeneus, a son of the god and father of Cyzicus. Another mythical ruler, named Poltys, son of Poseidon, entertained Heracles when he came to Aenus. In the Iliad, Homer mentions that the leaders of Troy's Thracian allies, Acamas and Peiros, came from Aenus.GS68735. Silver , 176 - 204, 303, 405, 1164, 1033, 3892, F, grainy, 1.167 g, maximum 10.5 mm, 45o, Ainos mint, c. 427 - 424 B.C.; of right, wearing ; AIN, goat standing to right, coiled snake (control symbol) lower right; $125.00 (€111.25)
Himera, , c. 420 - 409 B.C.
In 409 B.C., attacked Himera. The city was unprepared; its fortifications weak. At first they were supported about 4000 auxiliaries from , but their general, Diocles, seized with panic for the safety of itself, abandoned Himera. The city was utterly destroyed, its buildings, even its temples, were razed to the ground. More than 3000 prisoners were put to death by General Hannibal Mago as a human sacrifice to the memory of his grandfather General Hamilcar who had been defeated at the Battle of Himera in 480 B.C.GB67658. Bronze tetras, I, p. 42, 31; 1339; 149; -, aF, 2.200 g, maximum 15.2 mm, 90o, Himera (Termini, , Italy) mint, c. 420 - 409 B.C.; Pan on a goat prancing right, nude but for fluttering in the wind behind, preparing to blow on conch in right, in left over shoulder, three pellets under goat between legs; [IMEΠAION], flying left, with dangling fillets in extended right, fold of long in left; $75.00 (€66.75)
Kelenderis, , 425 - 400 B.C.
The land around Kelenderis was inadequate for farming but, apparently from the coins, suitable for raising goats. On the plateau behind the hills there were vineyards and olive trees, rich sources of minerals, especially iron and , mainly pine and cedar, which were essential for ship building. The town was connected to the Central Anatolian Plateau with suitable passages in the valleys, but it was mainly a , connected with and other countries lying on the Mediterranean coasts.GS65748. Silver , p. 56, 32; 6 var. (Pegasos left); -; -; -; -, VF, , some , 0.797 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 270o, Kelenderis mint, 425 - 400 B.C.; forepart of right, curved wings, of dots; KE (upper right), forepart of goat left, turned back right; ex CNG e-Auction 185, lot 229 (27 Mar 2013); ex Kelly J. Krizan M.D. Collection; CNG Auction 25, lot 362 (24 Mar 1993); very ; $65.00 (€57.85)
, , Early 256 - 258 A.D.
The infant was suckled by the goat Amaltheia on Mount Ida.RA69007. Silver , 907e, 10731, 3 ( ), 26, F, some mint luster, but struck with worn dies, 2.903 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 180o, Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, 1st emission, 257 - 258 A.D.; VALERIANVS , and draped right, from behind; , child riding right on goat, looking back, raising right hand; $60.00 (€53.40)
, Aiolis, 3rd Century B.C.
(or ) means place of goats and was the name of many cities of antiquity. , was located at the mid-point between the modern cities of Ýzmir, Manisa, Bergama and Aliaða. GB90741. Bronze AE 9, 2; 1593; p. 95, 7; 4166; -, VF, green , 0.880 g, maximum 9.3 mm, 135o, mint, 3rd century B.C.; laureate of right; AIΓAE, and neck of goat right; $45.00 (€40.05)
Aigeai, , c. Late 3rd - Early 2nd Century B.C.
Aegeai (various spellings, including Aigeae) means place of goats in Greek and was the name of many cities of antiquity. Aigeai, on the north-western of the Gulf of Issos, was the third largest city in . It had a very important temple of Asklepios, which was considered a great privilege and which brought many visitors to the city.GB78012. Bronze AE 20, 1 - 7; p. 22, 13; -; -; -; -, F, rough green , 8.128 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 0o, Aigeai mint, c. Late 3rd - Early 2nd Century B.C.; of right in crested Corinthian helmet, hair in long curls on neck; goat standing left, AIΓEAIΩN above; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $25.00 (€22.25)
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