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Coins with these obverse and reverse types were struck by numerous magistrates, c. 202 - 133 B.C. Kinns identified two different issues by magistrates named Mitras. This type with the rectangular wings was struck by the earlier Mitras and, according to Kinns, an example of this earlier type was found in a hoard (CH II.81, Syria, 1971) believed to have been deposited in 189 B.C. GS95246. Silver drachm, struck on the Attic standard; Kinns Ephesus p. 88; Head Ephesus p. 58; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Kayhan -; SNG Mün -; SNG Tüb -; BMC Ionia -, gVF, well centered, toned, die wear, bumps and scratches, weight 3.827 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, magistrate Metras (I), c. 202 - 189 B.C.; obverse bee seen from above, straight rectangular wings, E-Φ flanking above wings; reverse stag standing right on exergual line, palm tree in background center on far side of stag, MHTPAΣ (magistrate) downward on right; ex Forum (2017), ex David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; rare; $440.00 SALE |PRICE| $396.00
Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
During Philip's reign the 1000th anniversary of Rome (248 A.D.) was celebrated, and magnificent games were held. This coin was issued as part of that celebration and the reverse undoubted depicts one of the animal types displayed and hunted in the Colosseum during the games.RB87835. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 160a; Cohen V 183, Hunter III 107, SRCV III 9012, VF, nice portrait, well centered, some bumps and scratches, a little rough and porous, edge cracks, traces of shellac(?), weight 16.917 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 248 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped (and cuirassed?) bust right, from behind; reverse SAECVLARES AVGG (Secular games [provided by] the Emperors), stag standing right, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00
Bargylia, Caria, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
According to myth, Bargylia, on the coast of Caria between Iasos and Myndus, was founded by Bellerophon in honor of his companion Bargylos, who had been killed by a kick from Pegasus. Near Bargylia was the Temple of Artemis Kindyas. Strabo reports the local belief that rain would fall around the temple but never touch it. GS95269. Silver hemidrachm, SNGvA 8074, SNG Keckman 22, SNG Cop -, EF, toned, areas of light corrosion, oval flan, off center, edge splits, weight 2.264 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Bargylia (Bogazici, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse veiled head of Artemis Kindyas right; reverse hind or stag standing right, BAPΓY/ΛIHTΩN in two lines first downward on right, second downward on left, rose (control symbol) below; ex Forum; ex Naville Numismatics auction 22 (1 May 2016), lot 60; ex E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
The "zoo series" of coins calling on Diana to protect the Emperor was struck late in Gallienus' reign. His father, Valerian, had been particularly dedicated to the worship of Diana the Preserver and had dedicated a temple to her at Rome. Diana apparently did not favor Gallienus. Not long after this coin was struck, he was assassinated near Milan while attempting to deal with the usurper Aureolus.RB91182. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 728z, RIC V-1 S176, RSC IV 153, SRCV III 10199, EF, traces of silvering, tight flan, weight 2.712 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 267 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse IMP GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse DIANAE CONS AVG (to Diana protector of the Emperor), doe walking right with head turned back left, E in exergue; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00
Magnesia ad Maeander, Ionia, c. 190 - 30 B.C.
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.GB89370. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 853; SNG Tübingen 2958; BMC Ionia p. 164, 47, aVF, green patina, scratches, light earthen deposits, weight 5.575 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 190 - 30 B.C.; obverse stag standing right, star above left, MAΓNHT below; reverse cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene facing, KPATINOΣ (magistrate Kratinos) downward on left, EYKΛHΣ (magistrate Eukles) downward on right; rare; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
The reverse legend means "The Secular (Games) of the Emperor." The Secular Games (Latin Ludi Saeculares) was a three-day and three-night celebration, including sacrifices and theatrical performances, to mark the end of a saeculum (supposedly the longest possible length of human life, considered to be either 100 or 110 years in length) and the beginning of another. Alföldi and Göbl, think this type proves Gallienus intended to hold Saecular Games in 264 A.D. At the time, every emperor hoped to be the founder of a new Golden Age. The stag refers to Diana as patroness of the Saecular Games and divine protectress of Gallienus. The palm branch symbol used with the type is also appropriate for anniversary celebrations.RA93249. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1626d, RSC IV 925b var. (bust left), Hunter IV 195 corr. (SAECVLARES), RIC V-1 656 var. (same), SRCV III 10345 var. (same), Choice VF, well centered, much silvering, light bumps and scratches, light deposits, weight 3.103 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 265 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse SAECVLARHS AVG, stag right, palm frond right in exergue; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
Hierocaesarea, Lydia, c. 100 - 150 A.D.
Hierocaesarea from the Greek for 'sacred' and the Latin for 'Caesar's', also known as Hieracome or Hierakome, was a town and bishopric in the late Roman province of Lydia, the metropolitan see of which was Sardis. Judging from its coins, it worshiped the goddess Artemis Persica.RP92869. Bronze AE 17, Imhoof-Blumer LS 23; RPC III Online 1854; BMC Lydia p. 103, 6; SNG Cop 176; Waddington 5001; SNGvA -; Weber -, VF, nice green patina, obverse off center, broad flan, weight 3.163 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Hierocaesarea (near Sazoba, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 150 A.D.; obverse ΠEPCIKH, bust of Artemis Persica right, bow and quiver at shoulder; reverse IEPOKAICA-PE-ΩN (the last two letters in exergue), stag walking right; scarce; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Hadrianopolis, Thrace
When Artemis was a child, she found five gigantic hinds (female deer) grazing in Thessaly and captured four of them to draw her chariot. The fifth escaped across a river to Mt. Cerynaea, on the border of Achaea and Arcadia. The Ceryneian or Golden Hind was sacred to Artemis. Although female, it had golden antlers like a stag and hooves of bronze. It was said that it could outrun an arrow in flight. Artemis allowed Heracles to capture the hind, his third labor, after he promised to liberate the animal after completing his task.RP92882. Bronze tetrassarion, Jurukova 477 (V231/R463); CN Online Hadrianopolis CN_7052; Varbanov II 3724 (R4); BMC Thrace p. 120, 30; SNG Hunter -; SNG Cop -; Lindgren -, F, green patina, centered on a tight flan, central depressions, weight 10.412 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, c. 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AVT K M ANT GOR∆IANOC AVΓ (VΓ ligate), laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, Artemis standing facing, head left, wearing short chiton and boots, holding patera in outstretched right hand, bow in left hand, stag at her feet standing left; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Hierapolis, Phrygia in Homonoia with Ephesus
This coin commemorates the homonoia (alliance) between Phrygia and Ephesus. Cities in Thrace and Asia minor sometimes formed alliances with other cities. The competition for prestige and rivalry between cities in the East was intense. Alliances could enhance a city’s status by aligning either with many cities or with particularly important ones. Homonoia was part of civic "foreign policy" and might have involved the exchange of delegates and joint celebrations and sacrifices. At least 87 cities issued homonoia coins celebrating their alliances.RP77245. Bronze AE 32, Franke-Nolle, type VII, 743 (Vs. B/ Rs. 39); cf. BMC Phrygia p. 264, 188; SNG Hunterian 1957; SNG Righetti 1189, aVF, slightly ragged flan, potentially active corrosion, weight 10.522 g, maximum diameter 31.6 mm, die axis 180o, Phrygia, Hierapolis (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; obverse AV• KE• - ΠOV ΛIK OYA/ΛEPIANOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis from which two snakes rise; reverse IEPAΠOΛEI/TΩN - K EΦECIΩN, Serapis standing right, kalathos on head holding transverse scepter; to right, Artemis Ephesia facing, resting each hand on the head of a stag, one stag flanking on each side, NEΩ/KO/PΩ/N in four lines in center field, OMONOIA in exergue; very rare; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00