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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Bull or Cow||View Options:  |  |  | 

Cattle on Ancient Coins
Korkyra (Corfu), Island off Epirus, Greece, c. 433 - 360 B.C.

|Epirus|, |Korkyra| |(Corfu),| |Island| |off| |Epirus,| |Greece,| |c.| |433| |-| |360| |B.C.||stater|
Corfu is a picturesque island near the coasts of Albania and Greece. The advantageous trade position allowed Corcyra to play an important role in Greek history. After the Byzantine Empire gradually collapsed it was ruled by Venice from 1401 to 1797, during which time the Turks laid several sieges against its impregnable Byzantine castle.
GS95931. Silver stater, Fried Group III; BMC Thessaly p. 118, 64; SNG Munchen 634; Dewing 1453; HGC 6 35 (R2); SNG Cop -; SNG Tubingen -, Choice VF, well centered and struck, attractive old collection toning, scratches, obverse die wear, weight 10.871 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 45o, Korkyra (Corfu) mint, c. 433 - 375/60 B.C.; obverse cow left, head turned back toward suckling calf standing right below; reverse vertical double stellate pattern, divided by double line, within square double linear frame, K right, all within a circular linear border; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $800.00 (736.00)


Caria (Uncertain City), c. 460 - 440 B.C.

|Other| |Caria|, |Caria| |(Uncertain| |City),| |c.| |460| |-| |440| |B.C.||hemiobol|
Troxell notes that hoard provinces indicate this type was struck in Caria, however, the issuing city remains unknown. SNG Kayhan identifies the denomination as a Milesian standard tetartemorion. SNG Keckman lists it as a Persic hemiobol.
GS92103. Silver hemiobol, Troxell Carians 11C, SNG Keckman 913 ff.; cf. SNG Kayhan 968 ff. (no star), SNG Tb 3329 (same), BMC Caria -, F/VF, obverse off center, light marks, light encrustations, weight 0.265 g, maximum diameter 6.9 mm, die axis 0o, Carian mint, c. 460 - 440 B.C.; obverse foreparts of two bulls confronted; reverse forepart of bull left, star below; ex Civitas Galleries; scarce; $120.00 (110.40)


Caria (Uncertain City), c. 460 - 440 B.C.

|Other| |Caria|, |Caria| |(Uncertain| |City),| |c.| |460| |-| |440| |B.C.||hemiobol|
Troxell notes that hoard provinces indicate this type was struck in Caria, however, the issuing city remains unknown. SNG Kayhan identifies the denomination as a Milesian standard tetartemorion. SNG Keckman lists it as a Persic hemiobol.
GS89049. Silver hemiobol, Troxell Carians 11C, SNG Keckman 913 ff.; cf. SNG Kayhan 968 ff. (no star), SNG Tb 3329 (same), VF, toned, light marks, obverse slightly off center, light marks, small edge crack, weight 0.340 g, maximum diameter 7.9 mm, die axis 180o, Carian mint, c. 460 - 440 B.C.; obverse foreparts of two bulls confronted; reverse forepart of bull left, star below; ex Forum (2014); scarce; $95.00 (87.40)


Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, c. 350 - 190 B.C.

|Magnesia| |ad| |Meandrum|, |Magnesia| |ad| |Maeandrum,| |Ionia,| |c.| |350| |-| |190| |B.C.||AE| |13|
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.
GB91735. Bronze AE 13, cf. BMC Ionia p. 161, 26 (same magistrate, AE16, meander border); SNG Cop 815 (same); SNGvA -; SNG Munchen -; SNG Tbingen -, VF, green patina, minor encrustations, obverse a little off center, weight 2.214 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 190 B.C.; obverse armed horseman in chlamys prancing right, holding couched spear; reverse humped bull butting left, MAΓN above, KY∆POKΛHΣ (magistrate) below; $60.00 (55.20)


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||diobol|NEW
Ptolemy III built the largest and most magnificent temple in Alexandria, the Serapeum. Almost 400 years later, Hadrian rebuilt the temple. A life-size, black basalt statue of the Apis bull inscribed with a dedication of Hadrian was discovered in the underground vaults of the Serapeum. It is now in the Greco-Roman Museum in Alexandria. Perhaps it is that statue depicted on this coin.
RX92601. Bronze diobol, RPC Online III 5856 (9 spec.); Dattari 2007; BMC Alexandria p. , 809; Kampmann 32.560; Emmett 1114/17 (R1); Geissen 1067 var. (seen from behind), aF, porous, marks, scratches, edge splits, weight 7.747 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 132 - 28 Aug 133 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TPAIAN - A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse Apis bull standing right on ground line, L IZ (year 17) above, altar(?) to right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 (46.00)


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 310 - 284 B.C.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |310| |-| |284| |B.C.||AE| |16|
Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB95289. Bronze AE 16, SNG BnF 1568 ff., SNG Cop 331 var. (ethnic below), SNGvA -, BMC Mysia -, F, green patina, scratches, porosity, pitting, encrustations, weight 3.864 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 90o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 284 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse head and neck of bull right, monogram right, ΠEPΓA above, thunderbolt below; $50.00 (46.00)


Alexandreia Troas, Troas, 3rd Century A.D.

|Troas|, |Alexandreia| |Troas,| |Troas,| |3rd| |Century| |A.D.||AE| |20|
Alexandria Troas (modern Eski Stambul) is on the Aegean Sea near the northern tip of the west coast of Anatolia, a little south of Tenedos (modern Bozcaada). The city was founded by Antigonus around 310 B.C. with the name Antigoneia and was populated with the inhabitants of Cebren, Colone, Hamaxitus, Neandria, and Scepsis. About 301 B.C., Lysimachus improved the city and re-named it Alexandreia. Among the few structure ruins remaining today are a bath, an odeon, a theater and gymnasium complex and a stadium. The circuit of the old walls can still be traced.
GB90128. Bronze AE 20, SNG Munchen 62; cf. SNG Cop 114; SNG Canakkale 536; SNGvA 7553; Bellinger Troy A490; BMC Troas p. 15, 53 ff. (obv legend variations), VF, weight 4.084 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria Troas (Eski Stambul, Turkey) mint, 3rd century A.D.; obverse CO-L TROAD, turreted and draped bust of Tyche of Alexandria Troas right, vexillum behind; reverse CO AVG TRO, eagle flying right, bull forepart right its talons; $40.00 (36.80)


Tralleis, Lydia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Tralleis|, |Tralleis,| |Lydia,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |17|
The city of Tralles, or Tralleis, said to have been founded by Argives and Thracians (Tralli), stood upon a lofty plateau on one of the southern spurs of the Messogis range overlooking the plain of the lower Maeander. At Tralles, Zeus was called Larasios, from a sanctuary at the neighboring village of Larasa. Zeus Eumenes (the Kindly) may have had a separate sanctuary.
GB90181. Bronze AE 17, SNG Tb 3869; SNG Munchen 709; BMC Lydia p. 336, 61 var. (no star); SGCV II 4759 var. (same); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, F, weight 4.359 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, Tralles (Aydn, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse Zeus standing left, Nike in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, all within laurel wreath; reverse humped bull walking right, TPAΛΛI/ANON above and below in two lines, star above; ex Rudnik Numismatics; scarce; $40.00 (36.80)







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REFERENCES|

Molinari, N.J. & N. Sisci. Potamikon: Sinews of Acheloios. A Comprehensive Catalog of the Bronze Coinage of the Man-Faced Bull, With Essays on Origin and Identity. (Oxford, 2016).

Catalog current as of Friday, December 4, 2020.
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