Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed of . Five years later Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added and Media to his territory and defeated both and . He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.
SL84532. Silver , I 94(6)b, 3359, 1511, 10g, NGC F, Strike 5/5, Surface 3/5 (4164845-004), 16.87 g, maximum 27.7 mm, 255o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 311 - 300 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, and A (control ) left, M (control symbol) under throne; NGC certified (slabbed), from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $350.00 (€311.50)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
was the chief female divinity in the Roman . She was the wife of and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as , , and , but here she is depicted as , holding the symbolic of equity and a indicating plenty. This surname was given to because she counseled the Romans to undertake only just wars in which case she promised that they would never be in want of money. The first mint in Rome was within the temple of .
SL84526. Silver , 224; 165; p. 372, 90; 15; 6821, NGC AU (4277059-009), Rome mint, 210 - 213 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG , laureate right; , standing left, in right hand, in left; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $190.00 (€169.10)
, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.
SL84527. Silver , 254, 4.119, 53, 8, Tolsotoi 575, BMC p. 81, 4 (Ostrogothic), -, -, VF20 (4625611), (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 537 - 552 A.D.; D N IVSTINIANVS P P AC, diademed, draped and right, from the front; , above, S below (unstruck), all within linear surrounded by ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, certified (slabbed) by ; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, , 87 - 88 A.D.
is mentioned by the prophets Isaiah (e.g. Isaiah 23:2,4,12), Jeremiah (Jeremiah 25:22, 27:3, 47:4), Ezekiel (Ezekiel 27:8, 28:21, 32:30) and Joel (Joel 3:4). Jesus visited (Matthew 15:21, Mark 3:8, Mark 7:24, Luke 6:17). Paul sailed for Rome from (Acts 27:3,4).
RP84503. Bronze AE 16, 2056, 183 - 188, 1357, 137, VF, dark , , , 2.633 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 0o, (Saida, Lebanon) mint, reign of , 87 - 88 A.D.; draped of right, wearing veil and turreted crown, right; war galley left, HqP (year 198) / ZI∆ONOΣ / ΘEAΣ (Holy ) in three lines above, AΣ below; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $100.00 (€89.00)
Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of
I was the wife of . Little is known of her, except that she was regarded as vain and frivolous, though this may have just been malicious gossip. loved her greatly, and upon her death in 141 A.D., she was deified and a temple was built in her .
, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her could not be stained with blood. began the construction of a magnificent temple to her , which finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the , the olive branch, the , and often the . Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., ,
Cordova, a city in Andalusia was the first colony planted by the Romans in Spain. Its original name was . When it was made a Roman colony it was renamed , to the veterans and worthy men who settled it, to whom was due, as to Fathers (Patribus). This may have been struck for Augustus' visit to the city in 15 - 14 B.C.
Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes II the Great, 95 - 56 B.C.
Tigranes was called "Tigranes the Great" by Plutarch. The "King of Kings" never appeared in public without having four kings attending him. At its height, Tigranes' empire extended from the Pontic Alps to and from the Caspian to the Mediterranean. In 83 B.C., the Syrians offered him the crown and after conquering and , he effectively ended the Seleucid Empire. His southern reached as far as Akko-Ptolemais. The first Armenian ruler to issue coins, he adopted the Seleucid tradition and struck coins at Antioch and during his occupation of from 83 to 69 B.C. In 66 B.C., Pompey advanced into with Tigranes' own son as an ally. Tigranes, now almost 75 years old, surrendered. Pompey treated him generously and returned of his kingdom in return for 6,000 talents of silver. His unfaithful son was sent back to Rome as a prisoner. Tigranes continued to rule as an ally of Rome until his death in 55 B.C.
Kingdom of Commagene, Iotape, 38 - 72 A.D.
Iotape was the daughter of Antiochus III and Iotapa, the and queen of Commagene. Her parents were full-blooded siblings and direct descendants of the Seleucid kings. Iotapa and her brother Antiochus IV were very young when their father died in 17 A.D. agreed with the citizens of Commagene to make their Kingdom a of the Roman province of . From 17 until 38, Iotapa and her brother were raised in Rome, members of the remarkable court of . was a niece of and the youngest daughter of . She was very influential and supervised her of various princes and princesses, assisting in the political preservation of the Empire’s borders, and the affairs of client states. In 38, returned Antiochus IV and Iotape to the throne of Commagene. In addition, enlarged their territory with a of bordering on the seacoast and gave them one million gold pieces, the total amount of revenue collected from Commagene during the twenty years that it had been under . The reason for his extraordinary generosity is unknown. Perhaps it was just a stroke of Caligula's well-attested eccentricity. Iotapa and Antiochus IV married and had three children. Iotapa died before Commagene was annexed by in 72. When she died, Antiochus IV founded a town called Iotapa in her (modern Aytap, Turkey).
GB84499. Bronze AE 26,
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III , 246 - 222 BC
According to Ptolemaic bronze expert Daniel Wolf, "These coins are attributed by to Ake-Ptolemaïs (Acre), but modern finds indicate they are most likely from the near (modern) Bodrum in Turkey." Bodrum was called Halicarnassus, in ancient times and was famous for housing the Mausoleum of , one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
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