Kyzikos, , c. 500 - 450 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. It was said to have been founded by Pelasgians from , according to tradition at the coming of the Argonauts; later, allegedly in 756 B.C., it received many from Miletus. Owing to its advantageous position it speedily acquired commercial importance, and the gold staters of Cyzicus were a staple currency in the ancient world till they were superseded by those of Philip of Macedon. The site of Cyzicus, located on the Erdek and Bandirma roads, is protected by Turkey's Ministry of Culture.SH84459. hekte, 241; 1180; p. 32, 98; 102; 482; pl. XCII 2460; -, gVF, and struck on a , 2.628 g, maximum 10.8 mm, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 500 - 450 B.C.; forepart of a winged deer left, tunny fish diagonal with down behind; quadripartite square; ; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
As reported by B.V. in Chapter 5 of Excavations at : The Archaic Artemisia, a coin of this was one of five coins found in excavations underneath the foundations of the southern wall of the B cella of the Artemisia at . The other four coins were and paw types. wrote these coins must have been deposited during construction of the First Temple (A). 145 is the coin found at the Artemisia (= 79), now at the Arkeoloji Müzesi, Istanbul. The coins appear to be struck with the same die.SH84450. 1/24 , Milesian ; 145 - 146; p. 86 and pl. 2, 79; cf. 1781 (different ); 287 (same); 717 (same), gVF, centered, edge cracks, some die rust (also found on other examples of this ), 0.579 g, maximum 6.2 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; bridled and neck of Pegasos left, with top edge of wing visible; four raised squares in a pattern within square punch; very ; $1450.00 (€1290.50)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
In Greek mythology, the Sirens were dangerous creatures, who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island. In early Greek art, Sirens were represented as birds with large women's heads, bird feathers, and scaly feet. Later, they were represented as female figures with the legs of birds, with or without wings, playing a variety of musical instruments, especially harps. Later Sirens were sometimes depicted as beautiful women, whose bodies, not only their voices, were seductive.SH84464. hemihekte, Unpublished in major references; Naville auction VII (1924), Collection, lot 1435; CNG, XI (8 Jan 2008), lot 253, aEF, , earthen deposits, 1.367 g, maximum 8.8 mm, , uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; siren standing left; square punch; ex Numismatica Ars Classica, auction 92, 2 (24 May 2016), lot 1476; this is not published in the major references but many examples are known from auctions; ; $1440.00 (€1281.60)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
The cistophorus was first struck by the was a (four-drachms coin) struck on a reduced Asian of about 3 grams per . Its name was derived from the cista, a Dionysian cult snake basket that frequently appeared on the . After the was bequeathed to in 133 B.C., the Romans continued to strike for the province, with a value equal to three . The portrait of and later emperors replaced the cista on the .SH85434. Silver , Group VI, 2215, 479, 33, 922, 694, East 262, 1587, VF, full circles strike on a broad , light uneven , light encrustations, small closed edge crack, 11.660 g, maximum 27.2 mm, 0o, mint, c. 24 - 20 B.C.; IMP CAE-SAR (counterclockwise below), right, linear ; garlanded and filleted of ( , ornamented on the front with two hinds standing , above; $1200.00 (€1068.00)
, , , 404 - 370 B.C.
When ceased minting the federal coins it shared with other Thessalian towns and adopted its own coinage in the late fifth century B.C., it chose local types for its coins. The depicted the local fountain nymph , for whom the town was named, probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The depicted a horse in various poses.GS85151. Silver , 380.18 (same dies), group IV H23, 65.1(a) (this die), I 1144.2, Hoover 30, VF, , , areas of light etching, 6.075 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 270o, mint, 404 - 370 B.C.; of the nymph facing slightly right, wearing necklace, hair confined by and floating loosely; horse grazing right, legs straight, dotted , ΛAPI above; ex Art of Money (Portland, OR); $800.00 (€712.00)
Eryx, , c. 344 - 339 B.C.
Eryx was founded by Elymians on the summit of a mountain in northwest , about 10 km from Drepana (modern Trapani), and 3 km from the sea-coast, at the site of modern Erice. The Elymians maintained friendly relations and alliances with and came into frequent conflict with the Greeks. In 397 B.C., however, Eryx joined Dionysius I of . It was speedily recovered by Himilco the following year. It again fell into the of Dionysius shortly before his death in 367 B.C., but was soon recovered by the Carthaginians, and probably was subject to their rule until the expedition of Pyrrhus in 278 B.C.GS84640. Silver , 47; I pl. 24, 24; 1348; 1894; 630; 324 (????) (male head/man-faced bull); -, VF, , , slightly off center, 0.567 g, maximum 10.1 mm, 270o, Eryx (Erice, ) mint, Punic rule, c. 344 - 339 B.C.; of nymph left, hair in a bun at the crown, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace; bull standing left, Punic "RK" above; from the Nicholas Molinari Collection; very ; $765.00 (€680.85)
, , Italy, c. 275 - 250 B.C.
In angst at not seducing with her voice, the siren , threw herself into the sea and died. Her body washed up on the near . There she was not envisioned as one of the insidious monsters of Homer, but rather like a dead hero, she was enshrined and deified and her name was given to an early settlement on the site. held funerary torch-races to commemorate and her nearby tomb and sanctuary were among the local places of interest. The river god was her father.GS84679. Silver nomos, 440; 381; 100, 63; 483; 586; -, VF, , , on a , porous, 7.114 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 45o, mint, c. 275 - 250 B.C.; of siren left, wearing , triple-pendant earring, and necklace, EY behind neck; the river-god in the form of a , walking left, turned facing, flying left above, placing on river-god's , ΛOY below, NEOΠOΛITHΣ in ; $580.00 (€516.20)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
In 146, received the imperium proconsular and the Younger was given the title Augusta.SH73156. , 1669, 767a, 974, 320, 709, 4168, VF, nice green , nice portrait, light scratches, , 22.051 g, maximum 31.5 mm, 0o, mint, c. 146 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG - P P TR P, laureate right; Antoninus in slow left, eagle-tipped in left, reins in right, / S C in two lines in ; $540.00 (€480.60)
and Divus , , 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate of Divus to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's ; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $490.00 (€436.10)
Eastern , Imitative of of , "Eingesetztem Pferdefuß" , c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
The "Eingesetztem Pferdefuß" literally translates "with inserted cloven hoof."CE77589. Silver , 413 (same dies); cf. 122/2 (for ) and 122/3 (for ), aVF, off-center, , marks and scratches, 10.665 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 0o, tribal mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; laureate and bearded of Zeus right; helmeted horseman riding left; cloven hoof above the horse's ; on left: round floral design with pellet in oval in center with many small pellet petals around; below: wheel with five spokes and five pellets between the spokes; ; $490.00 (€436.10)
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