Roman , Antinoopolites (?), Portrait of , c. 130 - 153 A.D.
probably joined the entourage of when it passed through in about 124. He became Hadrian's constant companion and lover but in October 130 drowned in the Nile. Hadrian's grief knew no bounds; he enrolled him among the gods, erected a temple, and on 30 October 130 A.D., founded the city of Antinoopolis on the very bank of the Nile river where drowned. It was the capital of a new , Antinoopolites. Artists vied with each other in immortalizing his beauty. Temples and to his memory were erected all over the Empire, and there began a Cult of . On this coin he is depicted in the guise of Hermanubis. RX90575. Lead , 6536, 3559 var. (11.23g), 4397 (R4), F, 4.666 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 0o, Antinoopolis (or ?) mint, c. 130 - 153 A.D.; draped of right, wearing hem-hem crown of , crescent before; standing left, wearing , , and on , right hand raised, long vertical behind in left; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
Menaion, , c. 204 - 190 B.C.
Mineo, (ancient Menaion) is inland about 64 km southwest of Catania. It was a Sikel city, founded around 458 B.C. by Douketios. In 396 B.C. it was captured by Dionysios I of . Under Roman rule mentions Menaion among the "civitatis decumanae," cities that pay one tenth of their annual harvest to Rome. Today it has about 5,600 residents.GB65650. Bronze hexas, III p. 189, 13; p. 97, 4; 624; -; -; -, VF, 1.645 g, maximum 14.1 mm, 45o, Menaion (Mineo, , Italy) mint, c. 204 - 190 B.C.; draped of right, wearing winged ; MENAI/NΩN, ( ), two pellets (mark of value) lower left; very ; $150.00 (€133.50)
Ainos, , c. 427 - 424 B.C.
Aenus, Enez, Turkey today, was on the southeastern coast of , near the mouth of the Hebrus River, not far from the Melas Gulf (modern Gulf of Saros), which is formed by the Thracian Chersonesus to the east. The city was said to be founded (or at least settled) by Aeolian migrants from . Its mythical and eponymous founder was said to be Aeneus, a son of the god and father of Cyzicus. Another mythical ruler, named Poltys, son of Poseidon, entertained Heracles when he came to Aenus. In the Iliad, Homer mentions that the leaders of Troy's Thracian allies, Acamas and Peiros, came from Aenus.GS68735. Silver , 176 - 204, 303, 405, 1164, 1033, 3892, F, grainy, 1.167 g, maximum 10.5 mm, 45o, Ainos mint, c. 427 - 424 B.C.; of right, wearing ; AIN, goat standing to right, coiled snake (control symbol) lower right; $125.00 (€111.25)
Marathos, , 173 - 172 B.C.
Marathos, the most northern coastal town in , was apparently under Ptolemaic hegemony when this coin was struck. The of is usually attributed to be also that of Ptolemy VI. Destroyed by its neighbor and rival Aradus, c. 145 B.C., Marathos was later rebuilt as a colony of Aradus.GP73972. Bronze AE 21, 1082 - 1085 (various controls); 252 - 261 (same); 832; cf. 194 (S); -; -, F, black , rough, corrosion, 6.489 g, maximum 21.1 mm, 0o, Marathos (near Tartus, ) mint, 173 - 172 B.C.; laureate and draped of Ptolemy VI as , over shoulder; Marathos standing left, in right, Phoenician date IIIIIIINNNN (year 87) on left, Phoenician MRT (Marathos) right, Phoenician control letters low across ; $115.00 (€102.35)
Roman Republic, Second Punic War Vanquished Enemy , 211 - 204 B.C.
This coin is from Andrew McCabe's group H1, a previously unrecognized late Second Punic War issue, on the coins of Rome's vanquished enemies, from a mint or mints in Southern Italy, or Sardinia (this coin was struck on Sardinia). The most common is Carthaginian Tanit / horse types, but coins of Capua, the Bretti, and other coins of the vanquished were also . For reasons unknown, these coins were on types that weighed half the for the same at Rome. In the past these coins were often assumed, based on their , to date to the late second century or first century B.C.RR72285. Copper , cf. group H1.Sx; 63, 64 and 65 (MA, AVR and C issues), F, probably on a Carthaginian bronze, 1.684 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 180o, Sardinia mint, 211 - 204 B.C.; of Mercury right in winged , two pellets above; prow of galley right, above; $95.00 (€84.55)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., , Coele
Baalbek, a town in the Beqaa Valley of Lebanon, east of the Litani River, was known as during Roman rule. It was one of the largest sanctuaries in the empire and contains some of the best preserved Roman ruins in Lebanon. The gods worshiped at the temple, the triad of , and , were grafted onto the indigenous deities of Hadad, Atargatis and a young male god of fertility. Local influences are seen in the planning and layout of the temples, which vary from the classic Roman design.SH79780. Bronze AE 16, 383 ff. var. (D74/R152) unlisted die combination, 430, A2162A, -, VF/F, green , , 3.400 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 45o, (Baalbek, Lebanon) mint, 211 - 212 A.D.; ANTONI, laureate right, from behind; COL HEL, standing slightly left, left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, purse in right hand, in left hand; $95.00 (€84.55)
, Early 251 - First Half of June 251 A.D.
In 250, , demonstrating his , began a persecution of Christians in an attempt to restore the religion of Rome. Pope Fabian was one of the first martyrs.GS84400. Silver , 142b, 11, 4, 9520, VF, nice portrait, , struck with worn dies, 4.072 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 250 - early 251 A.D.; Q HER ETR MES DECIVS , and draped right, from behind; (to the piety of the two emperors), Mercury standing left, purse in right hand, long transverse in left hand; $90.00 (€80.10)
Phokaia, , c. 350 - 300 B.C.
is the messenger of the gods in Greek mythology. An Olympian god, he is also the of boundaries and of the travelers who them, of shepherds and cowherds, of thieves and road travelers, of orators and wit, of literature and poets, of athletics, of and measures, of invention, of general commerce, and of the cunning of thieves and liars. His include the tortoise, the rooster, the winged sandals, and the . The analogous Roman deity is Mercury.GB71725. Bronze AE 18, 217, 105; 1038; 7959; -, gVF, dark green , a little rough, 3.433 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 0o, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, magistrate Pythis, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; of right, wearing and ; forepart of right, Φ−Ω divided above body and forelegs, ΠYΘIΣ below; ex Numismatics auction 4 (30 Sep 2012), lot 1681; $70.00 (€62.30)
Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius III , c. 96 - 87 B.C.
Demetrius III ("the Timely") was nicknamed ("the Untimely) by the Jews. He defeated the Hasmonaean Priest Alexander Jannaeus but was forced to withdraw from by the hostile population. While attempting to dethrone his brother, , he was defeated by the Arabs and , and taken prisoner. He was held in confinement in by Mithridates II until his death in 88 B.C.SL46356. Bronze AE 17, II 2455(3) (referencing only Spaer); 2851; H44 (this coin), NGC , strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (4161251-008), 3.107 g, maximum 17.4 mm, 0o, mint, 95 - 94 B.C.; diademed, lightly bearded of Demetrius III right; BACIΛEΩC ∆HMHTPIOY ΘEOY ΦIΛOMHTOPOC CΩTHPOC, standing facing, frond in right, in left, N over A outer left, HIΣ (year 218) in ; ex (found of the Sea of Galilee in 1989), NGC Certified (photographed before the coin was slabbed); $60.00 (€53.40)
, , c. 450 - 400 B.C.
, a small Greek settlement in Bisaltia, was destroyed either by Thracians or during the great invasion and abandoned in the 3rd century B.C.GB75671. Bronze AE 16, 453, 1259, -, -, -, F, , green , 3.735 g, maximum 16.0 mm, (Traelium) mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; of right wearing ; TPAIΛION, rose, grain ear (control symbol) lower left; ; $60.00 (€53.40)
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