Lord of the Sea; god of the seas, earthquakes and horses. Symbols include the hippocamp and the trident. Son of Cronus and Rhea. Brother of Zeus and Hades.
Krannon, Thessaly, Greece, 400 - 350 B.C.
The city of Krannon was situated near the source of the river Onchestus, named for the son of Poseidon. It was the home of the powerful family of the Scopadae.
BB49818. Bronze dichalkon, cf. Rogers 179 ff.; BCD Thessaly 1081.1; SNG Cop 39 - 40; BMC Thessaly p. 17, 7; SCGV 2075 (all various ethnic arrangements), Fair, porous, weight 4.609 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 135o, Krannon mint, obverse laureate head of Poseidon right; reverse KP/A (or similar), horseman galloping right, wearing petasos and chlamys, trident below; ex BCD collection with his handwritten round tag noting: "From the Oldenburg (Kiel) auction of 27 Jan. 1995, part of lot 285, the lot for DM 175+15%."; $24.00 (€18.00)
Pella, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.
Pella was founded in 399 BC by King Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat Philip II and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 BC, it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants."
GB63476. Bronze AE 20, SNG ANS 579 - 580 var (monograms); SNG Cop 259 - 260 var (same), aF, weight 6.185 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pella mint, obverse bearded head of Poseidon right; reverse ΠEΛΛHΣ, cow walking right, monograms in fields; green patina; scarce; $22.00 (€16.50)
Arados, Phoenicia, 176 - 112 B.C.
Arwad, Syria, an island in the Mediterranean, was settled by Phoenicians early in the 2nd millennium B.C. In the Bible it is called Arvad. In Greek it was known as Arados. The city also appears in ancient sources as Arpad and Arphad. Antiochus I Soter renamed it Antiochia in Pieria.
BB62436. Bronze AE 19, cf. Cohen DCA 764; Duyrat 2237 ff.; BMC Phoenicia p. 36, 300 ff., aF, weight 7.113 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Arados mint, 176 - 112 B.C.; obverse turreted bust of Tyche right, palm branch behind; reverse Poseidon seated left on galley prow left, with Athena figurehead, wreath in his right and trident in left, AP monogram above, controls and uncertain Phoenician date below; $21.00 (€15.75)