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Theodosius III of Adramyttium, Summer 715 - 25 March 717
Theodosius III was an obscure tax collector who was proclaimed emperor against his will by troops rebelling against Anastasius II. He attempted to hid in the forest but was found forced to accept. According to one theory, he was the son of the former Emperor Tiberius III. He immediately laid siege to Constantinople and gained entry into the city six months later. Theodosius was moderate in his treatment of his predecessor and his supporters. Anastasius II abdicated and became a monk in Thessalonica. Little is known of Theodosius' short reign. He immediately faced an Arab invasion deep into Anatolia and the advance of the Arab fleet. In 716 he concluded a treaty with Tervel of Bulgaria favorable to the Bulgarians in an effort to secure support against the Arab invasion. This policy paid off in 719 when they helped relieve the Second Arab siege of Constantinople. In 717, the strategos of the Anatolic Theme, Leo the Isaurian, rebelled. Theodosius' son was captured by Leo in Nicomedia, and Theodosius chose to resign the throne on 25 March 717. He and his son subsequently entered the clergy.
In May 715, after a six-month siege, Theodosius III, a tax-collector from the theme of Opsikion (Anatolia) and his troops took Constantinople. Anastasius II was forced to abdicate the throne and retired to a monastery in Thessaloniki (Macedonia).SH68160. Bronze follis, Anastasi 389; SBCV 1495; DOC II-1 8; Sommer 20.5; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, F, undersize square flan, weight 2.586 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, summer 715 - 24 Jul 717; obversebust facing, short beard, wearing crown with cross and loros, globus cruciger in left, akakia in right; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram above, star below, SCL in exergue; rare; SOLD
SH42387. Bronze follis, Anastasi 388; SBCV 1496; DOC II-1 9 (missing from the collection, referencing Ricotti 181), F, weight 2.529 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, obversebust facing, short beard, wearing crown and loros, spear in right over shoulder, globus cruciger in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between two palm fronds, monogram above, Θ below, SCI in exergue; well centered on a broad flan, nice patina; extremely rare; SOLD
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