Odessos, , c. 125 - 70 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Odessus surrendered to Alexander the Great in 335 B.C. Rule passed to his diadochus , but in coalition with other Pontic cities and the Getae, Odessus rebelled in 313 B.C. After Lysimachus' death in 281, the city reverted to striking in the types and name of Alexander the Great and continued to strike Alexandrine tetradrachms until at least 70 B.C.SH63508. Silver , 1179, VF, , 15.721 g, maximum 29.8 mm, 0o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, c. 125 - 70 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, in right, long in left hand, ∆H under arm, below throne; $360.00 (Ä320.40)
of , Reign of , 238 - 244 A.D., Alexander and Bucephalus
Plutarch tells the story of how, in 344 B.C. Philonicus the Thessalian, a horse dealer, offered a massive wild stallion to Alexander's father, . Since no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested. Alexander, however, seeing that the horse was afraid of his own shadow, promised to pay for the horse himself should he fail to tame it. He was given a chance and surprised all by subduing it. Alexander spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it towards the sun so that it could no longer see its shadow. Eventually, Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him. Embarrassed, Philip commented, "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for is too little for thee." Alexander named the horse Bucephalus because the horse's seemed "as broad as a bull's." Bucephalus died of battle wounds in 326 B.C., in Alexander's last battle. Alexander founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.SH65202. Bronze AE 25, 724; cf p. 22, 102 (one neokorie); -; -; -; -; -, F, 10.822 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 180o, , Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, of Alexander the Great right, as Herakles, clad in scalp headdress; MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, Alexander galloping left on his horse Bucephalus, about to spear a leaping left below; ; $155.00 (Ä137.95)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
Struck shortly after Alexander's death during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son with Roxana, Alexander IV. Kolophon also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to the Great, but undoubtedly the Alexander named on this coin was the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from . was Alexander the Great's mother and Alexander IV's grandmother, but not Philip III's mother. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C. The ruins of Kolophon, be found south of the town Degirmendere Fev in the Menderes district of Province, Turkey.SH79747. Silver , 1759, 317, 950, F, centered, scratches and marks, corrosion, darker spots, 4.044 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, Menander or , c. 323 - 319 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Zeus seated on throne left, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right, with eight rays left, spearhead right; $75.00 (Ä66.75)
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