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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Provenance ▸ Hoards ▸ Antioch HoardView Options:  |  |  |   

Selection From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus

The hoard consisted of 583 silver and silver-wash antoniniani. While the location of discovery is not known, the contents of the hoard strongly suggest a site near Antioch. The coins date from Elagabalus (218 - 222) to Aurelian (270 - 275). The vast majority came from the period of Gallienus (253 - 268), with slightly over half dating from that emperor's joint reign with his father Valerian. Only two coins, one each of Elagabalus (included in our selection) and Philip II date from before 250; only one coin of Aurelian was minted after 270. The hoard was analyzed and cataloged by Dr. David W. Sorenson. Our coins below are a selection of 191 coins from the hoard. Another selection of 339 coins was offered by Alex Malloy in 1992 in a mail bid sale. Mr. Malloy reports that the biggest buyers of the coins sold in 1992 included the American Numismatic Society, the British Museum, and the Bibliotheque National de France. AHG numbers are those assigned by Dr. Sorenson to the complete hoard of 583 coins.

Click here to see the Malloy catalogue, including analysis of the hoard by Dr. David W. Sorenson and Camden W. Percival, and the coins offered by Mr. Malloy in 1992.

Click here to read "The Age of Gallienus" by Camden W. Percival.


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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Virtus is the personification of valor and courage. Valor was, of course, essential for the success of a Roman emperor and Virtus was one of the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult. During his joint reign with his father, Gallienus proved his courage in battle; but his failure to liberate his father from Persian captivity was perceived as cowardice and a disgrace to the Emperor and Empire. It was not, however, actually fear that prevented a rescue. While others mourned Valerian's fate, Gallienus rejoiced in his new sovereignty.
RA59125. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1617i, RIC V-1 S668, SRCV III 10402, RSC IV 1237b corr., AHG 487 (this coin), Choice EF, weight 3.471 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 266 - 267 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus standing left, helmeted and wearing military garb, resting right hand on shield set on ground, spear with point up in left, star in exergue; from the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus; SOLD


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.

Not recorded in RIC without either a branch or SPQR in exergue. MIR only records 2 examples of this variety.
RA39875. Billon antoninianus, AHG 407 (this coin), Göbl MIR 1634i, SRCV 10290 var. (various mint marks), RIC V-1 651 var. (same), Choice EF, weight 3.531 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 265 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MINERVA AVG, Minerva standing right, helmeted, spear in right hand, resting left hand on shield set on ground; attractive portrait; rare; SOLD


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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Gallienus was the first Roman emperor to commission primarily cavalry units, the Comitatenses, that could be dispatched anywhere in the Empire in short order. He also forbade senators from becoming military commanders. These policies undermined senatorial power, as equestrian commanders rose to prominence. These reforms and the decline in senatorial influence not only helped Aurelian to salvage the Empire, but they also make Gallienus one of the emperors most responsible for the creation of the Dominate, along with Septimius Severus, Diocletian, and Constantine I.
RA39861. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1615e, RIC V-1 662, RSC IV 1098, SRCV III 10384 var. (obv. legend), AHG 459 (this coin), Choice aEF, full circles strike on a broad flan, weight 4.339 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 264 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory flying left, wreath in right hand, branch in left, star left; from the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus; SOLD


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus. Unlike the rest of the hoard coins we are offering, which we received directly from Alex Malloy, this coin was sold in Alex Malloy's 1992 sale. We discovered this was from the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus coin by matching the catalog plate.

RIC does not note the star in the right field. MIR records 27 examples.
RA29305. Billon antoninianus, AHG 305 (this coin), Göbl MIR 1616e, RSC IV 1320a, RIC V-1 S673, Hunter IV S192, SRCV III 10415, Choice Uncirculated, full silvering, weight 4.065 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 263 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse VIRTVS AVGVSTI (to the valor of the Emperor), Hercules standing right, right hand on hip, left holding lion skin and resting on a club set on a rock, star right; SOLD


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.

Not recorded in RIC with a left facing bust and without a branch on the reverse. Only a single specimen noted in MIR.
RA39826. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1636f, RIC V-1 670 var. (bust right, branch on reverse), AHG 504 (this coin), VF, white metal, weight 3.216 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 260 - 268 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Emperor standing right, wearing military garb, transverse spear in right hand, globe in left hand; very rare; SOLD


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.

Not recorded in RIC without a star, crescent or SPQR on the reverse. MIR notes only a single example of this type.
RA39836. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1660f, SRCV III 10384 var. (various mint marks), RIC V-1 663 var. (same), AHG 453 (this coin), VF, rough obverse, weight 3.280 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 264 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left; very rare; SOLD


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.AHG Cover
RA39864. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1615i, SRCV III 10384, RIC V-1 663, Cohen 1094, AHG 446 (this coin), EF, well struck portrait, weight 3.702 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 264 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory flying left, branch in left, wreath in right hand, star in exergue; SOLD


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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RA39879. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1613i, SRCV III 10343, RIC V-1 655, Cohen V 919, AHG 423 (this coin), EF, well struck reverse, weight 4.193 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 260 - 268 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ROMAE AETERNAE (to eternal Rome), Roma seated left on shield, Victory in right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand, star in exergue; from the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus; SOLD


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.AHG Cover
RA39793. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1702m (Samosata), SRCV III 10386 (uncertain Syrian mint), RSC IV 1109a, RIC V-1 450 (Antioch), AHG 268 (this coin), gVF, weight 4.148 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Syrian mint, 260 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory (on left) and Gallienus standing confronted; Victory presenting wreath with right, branch in left; Gallienus holds long scepter in left hand, pellet in wreath above; full circles centering; SOLD


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.

Not in RIC with Z in the place of PXV. MIR notes 3 examples.
RA39800. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1670q, SRCV III 10346 var. (P XV in ex), RIC V-1 610 var. (same), RSC IV 927a var. (same), AHG 432 (this coin), VF/F, weight 3.661 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 267 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS AVG (the health of the Emperor), Apollo standing left, branch in right hand, resting left elbow on tripod, Z in exergue; rare; SOLD




  




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Click here to see the Malloy catalogue, including analysis of the hoard by Dr. David W. Sorenson and Camden W. Percival, and the coins offered by Mr. Malloy in 1992.

Click here to read "The Age of Gallienus" by Camden W. Percival.

Catalog current as of Thursday, May 23, 2019.
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Antioch Hoard