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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Imperators ▸ The TyrannicidesView Options:  |  |  | 

The Tyrannicides - Assassins of Julius Caesar

Roman Republic, Marcus Junius Brutus, Most Famous of Caesars Assassins, 44 - 42 B.C.

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This type, traditionally attributed to an otherwise unknown Dacian or Sythian king Koson, was struck by Brutus, c. 44 - 42 B.C., with gold supplied by the Senate to fund his legions in the Roman civil war against Mark Antony and Octavian. The obverse imitates a Roman denarius struck by Brutus in 54 B.C. depicting his ancestor L. Junius Brutus, the traditional founder of the Roman Republic. The reverse imitates a Roman denarius struck by Pomponius Rufus in 73 B.C. The meaning of the inscription "KOΣΩN" is uncertain. KOΣΩN may have been the name of a Dacian king who supplied mercenary forces to Brutus, or BR KOΣΩN may have been intended to mean "[of] the Consul Brutus."
SH85674. Gold stater, BMCRR II p. 474, 48; RPC I 1701A (Thracian Kings); BMC Thrace p. 208, 1 (same); SNG Cop 123 (Scythian Dynasts), Choice gVF, full circles strike, mint luster, weight 8.378 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, military mint, 44 - 42 B.C.; obverse Roman consul L. Junius Brutus (traditional founder of the Republic) in center, accompanied by two lictors, KOΣΩN in exergue, BR (Brutus) monogram left; reverse eagle standing left on scepter, wings open, raising wreath in right talon; $1700.00 (1445.00)


M. Junius Brutus, Ides of March Denarius (Plated), c. 43 - 42 B.C.

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With this famous type Brutus commemorated his assassination of Julius Caesar on the notorious Ides of March, 44 BC, and claimed that the deed was done to secure liberty for the Roman people (the liberty cap). This coin is a contemporary strike from unofficial dies, in competent style but with an engraver's error in the obverse legend, PIAET for PLAET. In his corpus of EID MAR denarii H. A., Cahn lists five such unofficial plated specimens, namely two in Paris and three in auction catalogues. The specimen that he illustrates, ex Muenzhandlung Basel 6, 1936, 1485, is from the same dies as this coin.
SH01339. Fouree denarius, Crawford 508/3, Sydenham 1301 (R9), Cohen 15 (350 Fr.); Cahn, Quaderni ticinesi 1989, p. 223 fig. 2 (same dies), aF/F, weight 3.10 g, die axis 180o, W. Asia Minor or Macedonia mint, 42 B.C.; obverse BRVT IMP L PIAET (sic) CE[ST], head of Brutus right; reverse EID MAR, liberty cap and two daggers; SOLD


C. Cassius Longinus, Proconsul and Imperator, Committed Suicide in 42 B.C.

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Gaius Cassius Longinus (before 85 B.C. - October 42 B.C.) was a Roman senator, the prime mover in the conspiracy against Julius Caesar, and the brother in-law of Brutus. A magnificent uncirculated specimen of a rarity of the Imperatorial series.
SH21680. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1446, BMCRR East 79, RSC I 7, Crawford 500/1, Sydenham 219, Brilliant Mint State, weight 3.816 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, struck near Smyrna, Ionia(?), mobile military mint, early 42 B.C.; obverse CCASSI IMP, tripod surmounted by cauldron and two laurel branches, fillet hanging from either side; reverse LENTVLVS / SPINT (moneyer L. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther), jug and lituus (emblems of the Augurate); very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49 - 27 BC. (London, 1998).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Monday, November 20, 2017.
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The Tyrannicides