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The Roman mint at Aquileia, Italy was open 294 to 324 A.D. and 334 - 430 A.D. Common mintmarks include: AQ, AQOB, AQPS, AQVI, AQVIL, and SMAQ.
Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.
In 303 A.D., Diocletian began to persecute the Christians in earnest. RT93182. Billon follis (large), RIC VI Aquileia 32a, SRCV IV 14094, Cohen VII 264, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, well centered, dark green patina, nice portrait, weight 8.936 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Aquileia mint, as caesar, c. 301 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR (the sacred money of our two emperors and two princes), Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, V in right field, AQΓ in exergue; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
In 320, Crispus, eldest son of Constantine I, led a victorious campaign against the Franks, assuring twenty years of peace along the Rhine frontier. He established his residence in Augusta Treverorum (modern Trier), capital of Germania.RL20963. Billon centenionalis, Paolucci-Zub 255a, RIC VII Aquileia 48, SRCV IV 16323, Cohen VII 690, Choice gVF, well centered, nice portrait, some silvering, weight 3.122 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 330o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, 320 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS EXERCIT (courage of the army), vexillum inscribed VOT / XX, two captives seated at base facing outward, the one on the left with hands bound behind, the one on the right looking back left, S left, F right, AQP in exergue; from the Scott Collection, ex Beast Coins (2007); $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.RL89957. Bronze half centenionalis, Hunter V 26 (also 2nd officina), RIC IX Aquileia 47a (S), SRCV V 20358, LRBC II 1091, Cohen VIII -, gF, centered, green patina, scratches and marks, weight 1.512 g, maximum diameter 13.04 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, 25 Aug 383 - 387 A.D.; obverse D N PLA VANENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors), two victories facing each other, each raising a wreath between them, SMAQS in exergue; scarce; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.
In ancient Roman religion, Roma was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state. In Hellenistic religious tradition, gods were served by priests and goddesses by priestesses but Roma's priesthood was male, perhaps in acknowledgment of the virility of Rome's military power. The highest ranking local elites would contend for the priesthood of the Roma cult.RB93179. Billon follis, RIC VI Aquileia 118, SRCV IV 13435, Cohen VI 64, Hunter V -, VF , well centered, highlighting earthen deposits, areas of corrosion, weight 5.543 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, 307 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, head laureate right; reverse CONSERV VRB SVAE (Guardian of the city traditions), hexastyle temple on three steps, Roma seated facing within, head left, globe in right hand, spear in left hand, shield at her side right, wreath in pediment, AQP in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00
Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.
On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He soon began the first anti-pagan persecutions.RL91652. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Aquileia 11(b)xvi(b), LRBC II 1012, SRCV V 19737, Cohen VIII 11, aVF/F, a little rough, light earthen deposits, weight 2.020 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Valens advancing left, labarum (chi-rho Christ monogram banner) in left, dragging captive with right, no control symbols in fields, SMAQS in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $22.00 SALE |PRICE| $19.80
Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.
They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.RL88798. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Aquileia 12(a)xvii(b), LRBC II 1014, SRCV V 19500, Cohen VIII 37, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered, ragged flan edge, weight 1.686 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, ēSMAQS in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.10