Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.RL90437. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 244, LRBC II 1136, Voetter 31, SRCV V 18730, Cohen VII 10, Choice gVF, light encrustations, weight 4.945 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 45o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left in Galley left, labarum in left hand, Phoenix on globe in right hand, Victory steering at stern, AQS• in exergue;
$180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
In 320, Crispus, eldest son of Constantine I, led a victorious campaign against the Franks, assuring twenty years of peace along the Rhine frontier. He established his residence in Augusta Treverorum (modern Trier), capital of Germania.RL76385. Billon centenionalis, Paolucci-Zub 255a, RIC VII Aquileia 48, SRCV IV 16323, Cohen VII 690, Choice gVF, some silvering, some porosity, weight 3.122 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 330o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, 320 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS EXERCIT (courage of the army), vexillum inscribed VOT / XX, two captives seated at base facing outward, the one on the left with hands bound behind, the one on the right looking back left, S left, F right, AQP in exergue; from the Scott Collection, ex Beast Coins (2007);
$110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
VOT V abbreviates Votis Quinquennalibus, which means Crispus has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for five years of rule. In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).RL74457. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Aquileia 69 (R3), Cohen VII 31, SRCV IV 16748, Hunter V 55 var. (no drapery, pellets flanking AQT), VF, well centered, nice portrait, porous, weight 2.721 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Aquileia mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT V in wreath, AQT in exergue; rare;
$55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.RL84338. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Aquileia 86 (R1), SRCV IV 15345, Cohen VII 20, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, traces of silvering, flan crack, weight 2.830 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse DOMINI•N•LICINI AVG, VOT / XX in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top, •AQS• in exergue; rare;
$50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
On 15 March 351 Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantia and put him in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.RL84357. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Aquileia 200 (S), LRBC II 931, Voetter 4, SRCV V 19013, Cohen VIII 14, VF, nice dark green patina, well centered, flan crack, light marks and corrosion, weight 2.528 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Aquileia mint, Sept 352 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left, wearing helmet, military garb and shield on left arm, spearing fallen horseman, horseman extends arm toward soldier, shield at feet, AQS exergue;
$50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
While Constantine and his sons had been strong military figures, they had also re-established the practice of hereditary succession, adopted by Valentinian I. The obvious flaw in these two competing requirements came in the reign of Valentinian II, a child. His reign was a harbinger of the fifth century, when children or nonentities, reigning as emperors, were controlled by powerful generals and officials.RL77944. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Aquileia 32(b) (S), LRBC II 1069, SRCV V 20291, Cohen VIII 8, VF, nice green patina, earthen encrustations, edge split, scratches, weight 2.582 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, 375 - 378 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS IVN P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGGG• (harmony among the three emperors), Roma seated facing, helmeted head left, globe in right hand, reversed spear in left hand, left leg bare, SMAQP in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce;
$40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00
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Catalog current as of Sunday, April 23, 2017.
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