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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ Muses & GracesView Options:  |  |  |   


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.

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The first Rome mint portrait sestertius, and a highly sought after reverse type.
RB37601. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 33; BMCRE p. 152, 36; BnF II 47; Cohen I 4; SRCV I 1800, VF, red-brown patina, weight 25.168 g, maximum diameter 34.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, laureate head left; reverse AGRIPPINA DRVSILLA IVLIA S C, the three sisters of Caligula standing, in the guises of Securitas, Concordia and Fortuna; ex B.V., Mailbid Sale 5 (1973) #71 (sold for 2400 DM plus fees); rare; SOLD


Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, c. 66 B.C., Eroto, the Muse of Erotic Poetry on Reverse

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The reverse is a punning reference to the name of the moneyer. He struck coins for each of the nine muses, and Hercules, as their leader, presumably modeled after a group of statues. Each of the muses is indicated by a different obverse symbol. Eroto was not the "Muse of Pornography." She was rather the inspiration of poets such as Ovid. His poetry has literary value, but he was banished by Augustus, partly because of his smutty poetry, but also because of his adultery with the Emperor's daughter Julia. In Victorian England, this type was attributed to Terpsichore, the Muse of Dance. They assigned the tortoise symbol to Terpsichore. They assigned the flower stalk found on this coin to both Eroto and to Terpsichore, depending on the reverse. Under this scheme only the Muse of Dance had two obverse symbols and only Eroto shared her symbol with another muse. Seven of the muses were about equally distributed, but Eroto was considerably rarer, and Terpsichore about twice as common as any other Muse. Victorian sensibilities about sex may have allowed numismatists to decide that Erotic Poetry should be very, very rare. By comparison, the Romans saw Eroto as "just another Muse." Her coins should be about as common as the others. Today we are convinced each of the nine obverse symbols represents only one muse.
SH16472. Silver denarius, Sydenham 820a, RSC I Pomponia 17a, Crawford 410/7b, SRCV I 358, gVF, beautifully toned with iridescent blues, slightly flat in centers, weight 3.810 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, flower stalk behind; reverse Q POMPONI MVSA, Eroto, the Muse of Erotic Poetry (previously described as Terpsichore), standing right, plectrum in right hand, lyre in left hand; ex Dr. Charles L. Ruby collection, ex CNG; SOLD


Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.

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Many of the Roman moneyers had a solid sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Clio, the Muse of History.
SH71011. Silver denarius, RSC I Pomponia 11, SRCV I 353, Sydenham 813, Crawford 410/3, VF, porous, weight 3.501 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, scroll tied with cord behind; reverse MVSA on left, Q POMPONI on right, Clio, Muse of History standing left, reading from open scroll which she holds in both hands, left elbow rests on column; SOLD


Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.

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Many of the Roman moneyers had a solid sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Clio, the Muse of History.
SH90301. Silver denarius, RSC I Pomponia 11, SRCV I 353, Sydenham 813, Crawford 410/3, gF, banker's marks, weight 3.585 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, scroll tied with cord behind; reverse MVSA on left, Q POMPONI on right, Clio, Muse of History standing left, reading from open scroll which she holds in both hands, left elbow rests on column; ex CNG auction 233 (26 April 2010), lot 315; SOLD


Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.

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Many of the Roman moneyers had a solid sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Urania, the Muse of Astronomy.
SH18012. Silver denarius, RSC I Pomponia 22, SRCV I 359, Sydenham 823, Crawford 410/8, VF, weight 4.017 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, star behind; reverse MVSA on left, Q POMPONI on right, Urania, Muse of Astronomy, standing left, pointing with rod at globe on tripod-stand; SOLD


Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.

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Many of the Roman moneyers had a good sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Calliope, the Muse of Epic Poetry.
SH56076. Silver denarius, Crawford 410/2b, RSC I Pomponia 10, Sydenham 812, F, weight 3.362 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, lyre-key behind; reverse MVSA on right, Q POMPONI on left, Calliope, Muse of Epic Poetry, standing right, playing lyre resting on column to right; SOLD


Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.

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Many of the Roman moneyers had a solid sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Urania, the Muse of Astronomy.
SH90302. Silver denarius, RSC I Pomponia 22, SRCV 359, Sydenham 823, Crawford 410/8, F, well centered, bankers, weight 3.877 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, star behind; reverse MVSA on left, Q POMPONI on right, Urania, Muse of Astronomy, standing left, pointing with rod at globe on tripod-stand; ex CGB; SOLD


Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.

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Many of the Roman moneyers had a good sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Euterpe, the Muse of Lyric Poetry.
SH82353. Silver denarius, RSC I Pomponia 13, SRCV I 355, Sydenham 815, Crawford 410/5, VF, weight 3.833 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, crossed flutes behind; reverse MVSA on right, Q POMPONI on left, Euterpe, Muse of Lyric Poetry, standing right, holding two flutes (tibiae) and resting elbows on column; banker's mark on obverse; SOLD


Rhegion, Bruttium, 260 - 218 B.C.

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Rhegion reached great artistic and cultural heights. It was home to academies, such as the Pythagorean School, and to well-known poets, historians and sculptors such as Ibycus, Ippy, and Pythagoras. It was an important ally of the Roman Republic. Rhegium flourished during the Imperial Age but was devastated by several major earthquakes and tsunami. St. Paul passed through Rhegium on his final voyage to Rome (Acts XXVIII:13).
GI73182. Bronze obol, SNG ANS 729 (same dies); BMC Italy p. 381, 85 (also five strings); SNG Cop 1963; SNG Morcom 479; Lindgren II 378; HN Italy 2546, VF, green patina, corrosion, marks, a little rough, weight 7.401 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 135o, Rhegion (Reggio, Calabria) mint, 260 - 218 B.C.; obverse head of Artemis right, wearing diadem, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse lyre with five strings, ΠHΓI−NΩN flanking in two upward lines on left and right; scarce; SOLD


Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

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In 251 A.D., a fifteen-year plague began in the Roman Empire. In Roman Coins and Their Values III, David Sear notes, "This unusual reverse type doubtless represents an appeal to the god of healing for deliverance from the pestilence which was afflicting Rome."
RS57065. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 32, RSC IV 20, SRCV III 9627, VF, flat reverse strike, weight 3.428 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 252 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse APOLL SALVTARI, Apollo standing left, branch in right hand, leaning with left on lyre set on rock; scarce; SOLD




  




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