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Anglo-Gallic, Henry VI de Lancastre, King of France and England, 1422 - 1453, The Annunciation
The obverse depicts the Annunciation, the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary that she would be the mother of Jesus, the Son of God, marking his Incarnation.
This coin was struck at Dijon, a rare mint for the issue, which was minted in nine cities across France.
In 1422, the year old king of England inherited the French throne through his mad grandfather Charles VI of France; the iconography of this type represents the unification of the two nations. Ten years later Joan of Arc would make an appearance which would eventually loosen the English grip on France until by 1436 only Normandy and part of Maine remained in Henry's control.SH79998. Gold Salut D'or, Schneider 102, Elias 268c, Duplessy 443, Lafaurie 447, gVF, weight 3.468 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 0o, Dijon mint, 2nd issue, 6 Sep 1423 - 1436; obverse vernicle, hENRICVS: DEI: GRA: FRACORV: AGLI: REX (Henry, by the grace of God, King of the Franks and English), double saltire stops, Virgin Mary, behind Arms of France, facing Angel Gabriel in profile left behind quartered Arms of France and England, light of God above AVE downward on scroll between them, within beaded circle; reverse vernicle, XPC'*VIHCIT'*XPC'*REGNAT'*XPC'*ImPERAT'* (Christ conquers, Christ reigns, Christ commands), mullet stops, central Latin cross, fleur de lis to left, lion to right, h below, all within tressure of ten arcs, fleur de lis on cusps, all within linear and beaded circle; this is a legend variety where Z is absent after FRACORV; very rare; SOLD
England, Elizabeth I, 1558 - 1603
At twenty-five years old, Elizabeth inherited a weak bankrupt nation, torn by religious discord. Her supporters counseled that her only hope, was to marry quickly and lean upon her husband. Instead, she ruled alone for nearly half a century, driven by her genuine love for her subjects. She is perhaps the greatest English monarch in history.UK77517. Silver sixpence, Borden-Brown 37 (O1/R1), North 2030, SCBC 2599, gVF, toned, weight 3.083 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, milled coinage, lis mint mark, Tower mint, 1567; obverse ELIZABETH · D’ · G’ · ANG’ · FRA’ · ET · HI’ · REGI’ (Elizabeth, by the Grace of God, Queen of England, France and Ireland), crowned bust left (Borden & Brown bust F), rose behind; reverse POSVI DEV’ · AD IVTORE M · MEV’ · (I have made God my helper), royal coat-of-arms (passant lions and fleurs-de-lis) on long cross fourchée, ·15-67· above shield; ex CNG e-auction 247 (12 Jan 2011), lot 751; scarce; SOLD
Great Britain, Charles I, 1625 - 1649
Charles I attempted to reign as an absolute monarch and rule without Parliament. Civil war broke out, the forces of the King lost, and Charles was beheaded.UK70336. Silver halfgroat, SCBI 33 Brooker 721 (same dies), North 2302, SCBC 2856, lozenge/- mint mark, Choice aEF, toned, exceptional, weight 0.961 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, Tower mint, Briot's first milled issue, 1631 - 1632; obverse CAROLVS D · G · MAG BRIT FR ET HIB R (Charles by the Grace of God King of Great Britain, France and Ireland), bust left, crowned and mantled; ·II· to right, B below; reverse .IVSTITIA.THRONVM.FIRMAT. (Justice strengthens the throne), square-topped coat-of-arms over long cross moline; ex CNG auction 90 (23 May 2012), lot 444; ex Ian Gordon Collection; ex Dix, Noonan, Webb 85 (17 March 2010), lot 444; SOLD
England, James I, 1603 - 1625
James was King of Scots as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the English and Scottish crowns on 24 March 1603. He became King of Scotland at the age of thirteen months, succeeding his mother Mary, Queen of Scots, who had been compelled to abdicate in his favor. He succeeded the last Tudor monarch of England and Ireland, Elizabeth I, who died without issue. He reigned in all three kingdoms for 22 years, often using the title King of Great Britain and Ireland, until his death in 1625 at the age of 58. He based himself in England (the largest of the three realms) from 1603. James began the Plantation of Ulster and of North America. Under James, the "Golden Age" of Elizabethan literature and drama continued, with writers such as William Shakespeare contributing to a flourishing literary culture. He sponsored the translation of the Bible that was named after him: the Authorized King James Version.SH56286. Gold halfcrown, Schneider 67, North 2093, SCBC 2629; im: rose, aVF, a few scratches, weight 1.211 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, London mint, second coinage, 1605 - 1606; obverse I D G ROSA SINE SPINA, crowned bust right; reverse TVEATVR VNITA DEVS (God upholds the united), crowned coat-of-arms, I - R across upper field; ex CNG, ex Deyo Collection, old round tag marked £3, 11/50; SOLD
England, King Cnut, 1016 - 1035 A.D.
Cnut the Great was a king of Denmark, England, Norway, and parts of Sweden. He maintained power by uniting Danes and Englishmen under cultural bonds of wealth and custom, rather than by brutality. After the death of his heirs within a decade of his own and the Norman conquest of England in 1066, his legacy was largely lost to history.WO67179. Silver penny, North 790, SCBC 1159, VF, weight 0.959 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Eadraed, London mint, c.1029 - 1035; obverse + CN-VT REX, diademed and cuirassed bust left, scepter with lis head; reverse + EDRED ON LVND, voided short cross with annulet in center; SOLD
England, Edward III, 1327 - 1377
Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most efficient military powers in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in the evolution of the English parliament, the ravages of the Black Death and the beginning of the Hundred Years' War. He remained on the throne for 50 years.UK77522. Silver groat, Lawrence Edward III 11/12; North 1249; SCBC 1616, gVF, toned, scratches to left of portrait under tone, weight 4.533 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 325o, London mint, Treaty period, 1361 - 1369; obverse + EDWARD DEI G REX AnGL DnS HIB Z AQT (Edward by the Grace of God King of England, France, Lord of Ireland and Aquitaine), crowned facing bust, within tressure of arches, with trefoils in spandrels; reverse + POSVI DEVm A DIVTOR Em mEV (I have made God my helper), CIVITAS LONDON (City of London), long cross with trefoil of pellets in each angle; ex CNG e-auction 249 (9 Feb 2011) lot 457 (realized $700 plus fees); ex Spink auction 194 (Prof. Colin Rochester Collection, 26 Mar 2008), lot 502 ; SOLD
England, Henry VIII, 1509 - 1547
Henry VIII was the first English king of Ireland, oversaw the legal union of England and Wales, and continued the nominal claim to France. Besides his six marriages, he is known for his separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. Despite converting money formerly paid to Rome into royal revenue, Henry was continually on the verge of financial ruin due to his personal extravagance and numerous costly wars. Henry applied theory of the divine right of kings to England. Charges of treason and heresy were used to quash dissent, and the accused were often executed without a formal trial. In his prime, Henry was considered attractive, educated, accomplished, and charismatic. As he aged, he became severely obese, his health suffered, and he became lustful, egotistical, and harsh.UK77523. Silver groat, North 1797, SCBC 2337A, rose mint mark, VF, strong portrait, weight 2.625 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, London mint, second coinage, 1526 - 1544; obverse hENRIC VIII DI GRA REX AGL Z FRANC (Henry VIII by the Grace of God King of England and France), crowned bust right; reverse POSVI DEV' AVDIVTORE' MEV (I have made God my helper), royal arms (passant lions and fleurs-de-lis) over long cross fourchée; ex Wolfshead Gallery (2011); SOLD
England, Edward VI, 1547 - 1553
Edward VI's reign was marked by economic problems, military withdrawal from Scotland and Boulogne-sur-Mer, and social unrest that in 1549 erupted into riot and rebellion. It also saw the transformation of the Anglican Church into a recognizably Protestant body.UK86153. Silver shilling, SCBC 2466B, North 1917/2 (S), VF, toned, marks and scratches, underweight, weight 3.737 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 0o, Y mintmark, Southwark mint, second issue, 1549; obverse EDWARD VI D G ANGL FRA Z HIB REX (Edward VI by the Grace of God King of England, France and Ireland), crowned bust right, tall narrow bust with small crown; reverse TIMOR DOMINI FONS VITE M D XLIX (Fear of the Lord is the fountain of life, 1549), shield with heavy curved garniture, E - R (Edwardus Rex) at sides; scarce; SOLD
England, Edward I Longshanks, 1272 - 1307
Elias notes, "In my experience for every 30 or 40 deniers with the EDWARD' FILI' legend only one with the EDWARDVS REX occurs."
Known as Edward Longshanks for his height of 6 ft. 2 in., and sometimes as the "Hammer of the Scots." Edward was ruthless in pursuing his aims and crushing those who opposed him. He conquered large parts of Wales and almost succeeding in doing the same to Scotland.UK86321. Silver denier au lion, Elias 15 (RR), SCBC-SII 8016, Duplessy 1039, Poey d'Avant 2790, aVF, toned, scratches, earthen deposits, small edge crack, weight 0.736 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Aquitaine mint, 1272 - 1307; obverse + EDWARDVS REX (King Edward, S on its side), lion passant left within inner circle; reverse + DVX AqVITANIE (Duke of Aquitaine), cross pattée within inner circle; very rare; SOLD
Great Britain, Charles I, 1625 - 1649
Charles I attempted to reign as an absolute monarch and rule without Parliament. Civil war broke out, the forces of the King lost, and Charles was beheaded.SH84616. Silver shilling, SCBC 2791; North, group D, 2225, aVF, well centered, toned, light marks and scratches, weight 5.845 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 90o, Tower Mint mint, 1634 - 1635; obverse CAROLVS.D:G:MAG:BR:FR:ET:HI:REX. (Charles, by the grace of God, King of England, France and Ireland), crowned bust left, mark of value XII behind, no inner circle, bell mark; reverse CHRISTO AVSPICE REGNO (I reign under the auspices of Christ), bell mint mark, round garnished shield, no inner circle, no plum, no CR; SOLD
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