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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |Medusa||View Options:  |  |  |   

Medusa, Gorgoneion & Perseus on Ancient Coins
Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |L.| |Plautius| |Plancus,| |47| |B.C.|, |denarius|
Both the obverse and reverse designs of this type were also popular designs for intaglio engraved gems during the late republic. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford

Click here to read the article, "Medusa Coins - They'll Transform You."
RR37542. Silver denarius, Crawford 453/1c, Sydenham 959b, RSC I Plautia 14, Sear Imperators 29a, Russo RBW 1585, SRCV I 429, VF, weight 3.439 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 47 B.C; obverse head of Medusa facing, wearing hoop earrings, LPLAVTIVS below; reverse Victory leading four horses right, palm frond in left, PLANCVS below; SOLD


Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |L.| |Plautius| |Plancus,| |47| |B.C.|, |denarius|
Both the obverse and reverse designs of this type were also popular designs for intaglio engraved gems during the late republic. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR38435. Silver denarius, Crawford 453/1e, Sydenham 959b, RSC I Plautia 14, SRCV I 429, EF, imperfect strike but far better than most for the type, weight 4.035 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 47 B.C.; obverse head of Medusa facing, snake-like hair but no clear snakes, LPLAVTIV below; reverse Victory leading four horses right, palm frond in left, PLANCVS below; SOLD


Roman Republic, L. Cornelius Lentulus and C. Claudius Marcellus, For Pompey the Great, 49 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |L.| |Cornelius| |Lentulus| |and| |C.| |Claudius| |Marcellus,| |For| |Pompey| |the| |Great,| |49| |B.C.|, |denarius|
Lentulus and Marcellus, the consuls for 49 B.C., were exiled by Caesar upon his war with Pompey. This coin was struck by a mobile military mint in Pompey's camp, possibly in Sicily but more likely in Greece, under the name of the two consuls.
SH30342. Silver denarius, Crawford 445/1b, BMCRR Sicily 1, Sydenham 1029, RSC I Cornelia 64a, SRCV I 414, EF, weight 4.067 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pompeian military mint, obverse triskeles, head of Medusa in center, grain-ears between legs; reverse LENT MAR COS (consules), Jupiter standing half-right, thunderbolt in right, eagle in left; scarce; SOLD


Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |L.| |Plautius| |Plancus,| |47| |B.C.|, |denarius|
In the spring of 47 B.C. Caesar and Cleopatra celebrated their victory in the Alexandrine civil war with a triumphant procession on the Nile.

Among the most beautiful of all Roman coin types, both the obverse and reverse designs were popular designs for intaglio engraved gems during the Late Republic.
SH42465. Silver denarius, Crawford 453/1a, Sydenham 959, RSC I Plautia 15, Sear Imperators 29, Russo RBW 1583, SRCV I 429, gVF, choice for the type, weight 4.028 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, dictatorship of Julius Caesar, 47 B.C.; obverse head of Medusa facing, snakes for hoop earrings, LPLAVTIVS below; reverse Victory, wings spread, leading four horses right, palm frond in left, PLANCVS below; a masterpiece reverse design - well struck in magnificent style; SOLD


Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |L.| |Plautius| |Plancus,| |47| |B.C.|, |denarius|
Both the obverse and reverse designs of this type were also popular designs for intaglio engraved gems during the late republic. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford

Click here to read the article, "Medusa Coins - They'll Transform You."
SH81831. Silver denarius, Crawford 453/1e, SRCV I 429, Sydenham 959b, RSC I Plautia 14, SRCV I 429, EF, weight 3.777 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 47 B.C; obverse head of Medusa facing, wearing hoop earrings, LPLAVTIV below; reverse Victory leading four horses right, palm frond in left, PLANCVS below; much better strike than typical for this issue; SOLD


Motya, Sicily, 420 - 397 B.C.

|Other| |Sicily|, |Motya,| |Sicily,| |420| |-| |397| |B.C.|, |litra|
Motya was founded by Phoenicians in the 8th century B.C. on the biggest island in Stagnone lagoon. The colony was successful due to its favorable location on trade routes, however, in 397 B.C. Greeks from Eastern Sicily destroyed the city. The town was surrounded by walls with watch-towers and two gates, which are still well preserved. Most of the city has not been excavated.
SH11109. Silver litra, Jenkins 4b (or similar), SNG ANS 503 -507 var., BMC -, Rizzo -, Hill -, VF, weight .526 g, maximum diameter 13.15 mm, die axis 45o, Motya mint, obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion); reverse palm tree, Punic script at sides; toned, chiped, ex C. E. Bullowa (Philadelphia dealer); rare; SOLD


Kamarina, Sicily, c. 420 - 405 B.C.

|Kamarina|, |Kamarina,| |Sicily,| |c.| |420| |-| |405| |B.C.|, |onkia|
A Gorgoneion was a horror-creating apotropaic Gorgon head pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgs, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying face that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister Medusa was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, Athena, Hellenistic kings and Roman emperors wore Gorgoneion for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A Gorgon image is at the center of the pediment of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone pediment in Greece from about 600 B.C.
GB69171. Bronze onkia, Calciati III, p. 47, 7 (same dies); Westermark-Jenkins, type A, 180; HGC 2 552 (R1); BMC Sicily -; SNG Cop -; SNG ANS -; SNG Munchen -, EF, light cleaning scratches, weight 1.295 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 270o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, Sicily, Italy) mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion), smooth neat hair tied with ribbon, symmetrical locks on forehead, eyes looking left, tongue not protruding; reverse KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right on right leg, head facing, lizard with head down in left talon, pellet (mark of value) in exergue, barley kernel (control symbol) right; rare; SOLD


Himera, Sicily, c. 430 - 420 B.C.

|Himera|, |Himera,| |Sicily,| |c.| |430| |-| |420| |B.C.|, |hemilitron|
Himera was a Chalcidic colony founded from Zancle on the north coast of Sicily in mid-seventh century B.C. Carthage attacked in 409 B.C. At first Syracuse supported them with 4000 auxiliaries, but their general panicked for the safety of Syracuse itself abandoned Himera. The city was utterly destroyed, its buildings, even its temples, were razed to the ground. General Hannibal Mago executed more than 3000 prisoners as a human sacrifice to the memory of his grandfather General Hamilcar who had been defeated at Himera in 480 B.C. The site has been desolate ever since. The few surviving Greeks were settled by the Carthaginians eleven kilometers west of Himera at Thermae Himeraeae (Termini Imerese today). Thermae was taken by the Romans during the First Punic War.
SH73532. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati I Group III, Class 5, p. 32, 20; SNG ANS 179, VF, thick truncated-conic flan (usual for the type), smoothed, weight 26.468 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 0o, Himera (Termini, Sicily, Italy) mint, c. 430 - 420 B.C.; obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion), hair in large curls, crude execution, dot border; reverse six pellets (mark of value), in two columns of three, within shallow round incuse; SOLD


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Aegeae, Cilicia

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Aegeae,| |Cilicia|, |tetradrachm|
SH26492. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 715, Weber -, VF, weight 9.545 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, Aegeae mint, 117 - 118 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAIC TRAIANOC A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate bare-chest bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse ETOYC ∆ΞP AIΓEAIΩN, diademed head of Perseus (or Alexander the Great) right, goat below; very rare; SOLD


Lycia(?), 5th Century B.C.

|Lycia|, |Lycia(?),| |5th| |Century| |B.C.|, |hemidrachm|
Although unlisted in the major references, this hemidrachm type was first published by 1890. Five examples are listed on Coin Archives, which were offered at auction in the last two decades.

The chimera (also chimaera) was, according to Greek mythology, a monstrous fire-breathing creature of Lycia in Anatolia, composed of the parts of three animals - a lion, a snake, and a goat. Usually depicted as a lion, with the head of a goat arising from its back, and a tail that ended in a snake's head, the Chimera was one of the offspring of Typhon and Echidna and a sibling of such monsters as Cerberus and the Lernaean Hydra. The term chimera has come to describe any mythical or fictional animal with parts taken from various animals, or to describe anything perceived as wildly imaginative or implausible.
GA84765. Silver hemidrachm, Boston MFA 2325; Greenwell 1897, p. 281, 2; Six Monnaies 1890, p. 235, 16bis; BMC -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; Rosen -; Klein -, VF, light marks, obverse off center, reverse struck with damaged die (left side of incuse), weight 1.946 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, Anatolia, uncertain mint, 5th century B.C.; obverse Chimera standing right, right foreleg raised, jaws open; reverse gorgoneion (facing head of Medusa), snaky locks, tongue protruding, within incuse square; extremely rare; SOLD




  




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