Tutere (Tudor), , Italy, 280 - 240 B.C.
Todi was founded by the ancient people of the Umbri, in the 8th - 7th century BC, with the name of Tutere. The name means "border," it being the city located on the frontier with the Etruscan dominions. It was conquered by the Romans in 217 BC. According to Silius Italicus, it had a double line of walls that stopped Hannibal himself after his at the Trasimeno. Christianity spread to Todi very early, through the efforts of St. Terentianus. St. Fortunatus became the saint of the city for his heroic defense of it during the siege. In Lombard times, Todi was of the Duchy of Spoleto.SH73969. Bronze , 37, CNAI 2, 75, 105; p. 39, 1, F, , pitted, , 3.364 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, Tuder (Todi, Italy) mint, 280 - 240 B.C.; bearded of the satyr (Seilenos) right, wearing ivy ; Umbrian: TVTEDE (downward on left, TVT top outward, EDE top inward), standing left, wings spread; ; $440.00 (€391.60)
Roman Republic, L. Marcius Censorinus, 82 B.C.
The moneyer selected the design to play on his name, sounds like Marcius.
found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged to a musical contest. won by singing to the music of his . As a just punishment for his presumption, flayed alive. His blood was the source of the river , and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.SH73011. Silver , 281, 737, 363/1, 24, VF, nice , attractive , 3.650 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 45o, mint, 82 B.C.; laureate of right; the satyr standing left with wine skin over shoulder, L· before, a column topped with behind; ; $245.00 (€218.05)
, Roman Protectorate, c. 166 - 165 B.C.
identified the Latin D on the and the as a name pun for D. Junius Silanus, the Roman of , in 142 - 141 B.C. This was a charming possibility but, based primarily on hoard evidence, (in 14, 1968) and others have reassigned this to the years immediately following the creation of the Roman Protectorate.GB84933. Bronze AE 21, pp. 8 - 9 & pl. III, 10; p. 14, 55; 1324 - 1326; 212, 25; 1224, VF, nice green , a little off center, 8.044 g, maximum 21.3 mm, 270o, uncertain Macedonian mint, c. 166 - 165 B.C.; facing mask of wearing ivy ; MAKE/∆ONΩN in two lines, Latin letter D above, all within ivy ; ; $220.00 (€195.80)
Thasos, Islands off , c. 411 - 404 B.C.
In 411 B.C., Thasos revolted from Athens and received a Lacedaemonian governor. In 407 B.C. Spartans were expelled and the Athenians readmitted. After the Battle of Aegospotami in 405 B.C., Thasos again fell under the Lacedaemonians led by Lysander who formed a decarchy there. Athens must have recovered it, for later it was a subject of dispute with of .GA84665. Silver tritartemorion, 12; 1033, 60, 3665, 4218, 1756, VF, , surfaces lightly etched, 0.393 g, maximum 8.1 mm, 180o, Thasos mint, c. 411 - 404 B.C.; of satyr right; ΘAΣI, two dolphins swimming; $120.00 (€106.80)
, Coele-Syria, c. 198 A.D.
conferred the Jus Italicum upon (Baalbek, Lebanon) in 193, for supporting him against . Prior to that had been of the territory of (Beirut) on the Phoenician coast since 15 B.C. This of this coin is copied from a coin of .
found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged to a musical contest. won by singing to the music of his . As a just punishment for his presumption, flayed alive. His blood was the source of the river , and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.RP73451. Bronze AE 13, 261 (D48/R100), 2156, -, -, -, VF, 1.988 g, maximum 13.2 mm, 90o, mint, c. 198 A.D.; right, wineskin over shoulder, C - HE ( ), of dots; COL / HEL in two lines at center within , of dots; ; $65.00 (€57.85)
, , 114 - 117 A.D.
While playing the flute saw her reflection in the water and disturbed by how her cheeks looked, puffed up while playing, threw away the instrument in disgust. The satyr picked up the flute and since it had once been inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully on its own accord. Elated by his success, challenged to a musical contest. For the prize, the could do what he pleased with the vanquished. The Muses were the umpires. played the and the flute. Only after added his voice to the music of his was the contest decided in his favor. As a just punishment for the presumption of , bound him to a tree and flayed him alive. His blood was the source of the river , and hung up his skin, like a wine bag, in the cave out of which that river flows.GB73439. Bronze AE 11, 786 ff.; 89; p. 56, 1 ff.; -, VF, 0.830 g, maximum 11.3 mm, (Beirut, Lebanon) mint, 114 - 117 A.D.; advancing left, carrying wine skin over shoulder, CO-L divided across ; forepart of galley right, BER above; $55.00 (€48.95)
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