, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Inferior
The Three , named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of Aphrodite ( ). They are shown on Roman provincial coins as a statuary group, nude and sometimes holding apples.RP28313. Bronze AE 26,
I/I 603, VF, 7.812 g, maximum 23.1 mm, 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, IOYΛIA ∆OMNA CEB, draped right; MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, the three , outer two each holding an ; SOLD
, , Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
Although Agathocles was brutal in pursuit of power, afterward he was a mild and popular "tyrant." His grandest goal was to establish democracy as the dominant form of government for the world. He did not want his sons to succeed him as and the Syracusan democracy on his death bed.SH54900. Silver
, 1494; M. Ierardi, Tetradrachms of Agathokles of , AJN N.S. 7-8, 1996, 238, gVF, 16.445 g, maximum 25.4 mm, 180o, 305 - 295 B.C.; KOPAΣ, of Kore left, wreathed in grain; AΓA[ΘOKΛEIOΣ], standing half right raising , hammer in right, triskeles at feet left; ex Tom Cederlind, ex MŁnzen Und Medaillen List 260 (1965), #17; with left; SOLD
Baktria, Diodotus I as for Antiochus II Theos, c. 255 - 250 B.C.
Diodotus I was the Seleukid governor of Baktro-Sogdiana early in Antiochos II's reign. His first coinage was issued with the Seleukid monarch's portrait. He then issued coins, like this one, with his own portrait, yet retaining the name of Antiochos as . Diodotus' territory was so remote that he was in all but title. About 250 B.C., he took the title too and issued coins as in his own name (BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆IO∆OTOY).
Recent scholarship shows that Ai Khanoum (Greek name uncertain) was the principal mint of the region, located on the frontier between Afghanistan and the former Soviet Union.SH42566. Gold
, I 630, 723, 7497, VF, test cut on , 8.380 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, Ai Khanoum mint, diademed of middle-aged Diodotus I right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Zeus striding left, naked, over extended left arm, hurling with raised right, wreath over inner left; ; SOLD
Selge, , c. 300 - 190 B.C.
A inspired by the well known "athletic" issue of Aspendos.SH28066. Silver
, 1936, -, -, -, EF, minor defects on rev, 10.747 g, maximum 25.5 mm, 0o, Selge mint, c. 300 - 190 B.C.; two wrestlers, the left one grabs the wrist and forearm of his opponent, AΛI between their legs; ΣEΛΓEΩN on left, standing half-left, turned right, club in raised right, lion-skin in left, O between legs; SOLD
, Demetrius I , 306 - 283 B.C.
This was issued in preparation for Demetrios' invasion of . Demetrios was defeated, imprisoned by Seleukos and died in captivity in 283 B.C. The bull's horns suggest his relationship to Poseidon is the same as Alexander's to Zeus . The portrait is individualized, but evokes the image of Alexander. Demetrios was the first to assimilate elements of Alexander's deified portrait and the first living ruler to portray himself as a god on coins. -- www.lawrence.edu SH75316. Silver
, p. 97, 91 and pl. , 12, 1179 var., gVF, portrait, , a few marks, 17.018 g, maximum 29.1 mm, 15o, mint, c. 289 - fall 288 B.C.; Demetrios diademed right with horns of a bull, the animal sacred to Demetrios' deity, Poseidon; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆HMHTPIOY, Poseidon standing left, right foot on rock, trident in left (apparently inspired by the Lateran Poseidon, a statue by Lysippos, court sculptor of Alexander), KE left, H right; ex (2007), ex ; SOLD
, Demetrius I , 306 - 283 B.C.
Demetrios was called Poliorcetes, "The Besieger" for his creative siege engines including a battering ram 180 feet long requiring 1000 men and a wheeled siege tower named "Helepolis" (or "Taker of Cities") which stood 125 feet tall and 60 feet wide, weighing 360,000 pounds.SH28933. Silver
, CNG 73, 153; apparently unpublished, cf. 33 ( with these ), gVF, 17.045 g, maximum 26.9 mm, 0o, Tarsos mint, c. 298 - 295 B.C; atop prow of galley decorated with eye left, blowing trumpet and holds ; ∆HMHTPIOY / BAΣI−ΛEΩΣ, Poseidon stands left, naked save over extended left arm, about to hurl trident with right, either side; , ; ; SOLD
Magnesia ad Maeandrum, , c. 155 - 145 B.C.
The magistrate's name is written EYΦHMOΣ ΠAYΣANIOY, with the last name in genitive, which means Euphemos was the son of Pausanios.SH35582. Silver
, p. 162, 36; 2042 var (magistrate), EF, 16.547 g, maximum 33.3 mm, 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, c. 160 - 150 B.C.; of the wearing , bow and quiver at shoulder; MAΓNHTΩN / EYΦHMOΣ / ΠAYΣANIOY, naked standing half left, left arm resting on tripod, filleted branch in right hand, Maeander pattern below, magistrate's name with left, all within laurel wreath; wonderful on both sides; SOLD
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
In 107 A.D., received an ambassador from India.SH53588. Silver
, 3129, 74, 328, 128, EF, 3.369 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 107 A.D.; IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC , laureate right, drapery on far shoulder; P P , standing slightly left, naked to hips, raising wreath in right, frond in left; ex H. S. Perlin Co., 1989; , bold, from dies, as struck except for the addition of wonderful iridescent ; SOLD
Taras, , Italy, c. 240 - 228 B.C.
Taras, the only Spartan colony, was founded in 706 B.C. The founders were Partheniae ("sons of virgins"), sons of unmarried Spartan women and Perioeci (free men, but not citizens of Sparta). These out-of-wedlock unions were permitted to increase the prospective number of soldiers (only the citizens could be soldiers) during the bloody Messenian wars. Later, however, when they were no longer needed, their citizenship was retroactively nullified and the sons were obliged to leave forever. Their leader, Phalanthus, consulted the oracle at and was told to make the harbor of Taranto their home. They named the city Taras after the son of Poseidon, and of a local nymph, Satyrion. The depicts Taras being saved from a shipwreck by a sent to him by Poseidon. This symbol of the ancient Greek city is the symbol of modern Taranto today.SH20278. Silver
, 1262, 1059, 968 - 968, gVF, , 6.554 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 315o, Taras (Taranto, Italy) mint, c. 240 - 228 B.C.; KAΛΛIKPA/THΣ, warrior on horseback right, torso turned right, right arm extended; above, flying right, crowning him; Taras naked, seated left on , holding in right and trident in left, TAPAΣ below right; ex Coin Galleries mail bid sale 11/21/69, #990; SOLD
, Demetrius I , 306 - 283 B.C.
This was issued in preparation for Demetrios' invasion of . Demetrios was defeated, imprisoned by Seleukos and died in captivity in 283 B.C. The bull's horns suggest his relationship to Poseidon is the same as Alexander's to Zeus . The portrait is individualized, but evokes the image of Alexander. Demetrios was the first to assimilate elements of Alexander's deified portrait and the first living ruler to portray himself as a god on coins. -- www.lawrence.eduSH08305. Silver
, 3249, 92, 84, gVF, 17.22 g, maximum 27.3 mm, 0o, mint, c. 290 - 289 B.C.; Demetrios diademed right with horns of a bull, the animal sacred to Demetrios' deity, Poseidon; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆HMHTPIOY, Poseidon standing left, foot on rock, trident in l., in fields (apparently inspired by the Lateran Poseidon, a statue by Lysippos, court sculptor of Alexander); beautiful coin struck in high relief; ; SOLD
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