Aspendos, , c. 380 - 325 B.C.
Aspendos is about 40 km east of Antalya, Turkey about 16 km inland on the Eurymedon River. In 546 B.C. it fell to . After a Persian defeat in 467, the city joined the Attic-Delos League. took it again in 411 B.C., Alexander in 333 B.C., and in 190 B.C. Although often subject to powerful empires, the city usually retained substantial autonomy.
GS85145. Silver , Series 4, 105, 227, 4565, EF, and struck, beautiful , 10.958 g, maximum 23.8 mm, 0o, Aspendos mint, c. 380 - 325 B.C.; two wrestlers, nude, the left one holds the wrist of his opponent with his right hand and right forearm with his left hand, LΦ between their legs; EΣTΦE∆IIYΣ on left, slinger discharging to right, wearing short , triskeles on right with feet clockwise, no trace of an square; the nicest Aspendos ever handled by !; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. The date 25 December was selected for Christmas to replace the popular Roman festival Dies Natalis Solis , the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."RS79611. Silver , 293d; 389; p. 465, 194; 6848, -, EF, portrait, centering and strike, lustrous, tiny edge cracks, 3.157 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 180o, mint, 217 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG , laureate right; XX P P (high priest, tribune of the people for 20 years, consul for the 4th time, father of the country), Sol standing slightly left, left, nude but for over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding , whip in left hand; $350.00 (€311.50)
, "Thasian" , c. 148 - 80 B.C.
This Dionysos / Herakles was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After took control of the , "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.GS79635. Silver , , group XVI, 1226 (O DD4 / R 989); 1040 ff., VF, nice , light , bumps and scratches, die wear, 16.787 g, maximum 33.2 mm, 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; of Dionysos right, wearing and wreathed in flowering ivy; HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, MH inner left; $300.00 (€267.00)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus Grypus, 121 - 96 B.C., Akko-Ptolemais, Galilee
Antiochus Grypus (Hook-Nose) was crowned as a teenager, ruling jointly with his mother Thea. In 121 B.C., one day when he returned from a , his mother offered him a cup of wine. Since this was not common behavior for her, Grypus was suspicious and forced her to drink the wine; poisoned, it killed her. Grypus fought a civil war with his brother that ended with his murder.
GS85100. Silver , II 2335(2)a, 28, 2581, 1196g (R2), gVF, nice , attractive , light marks, die break on chin, small edge cracks, 16.451 g, maximum 30.5 mm, 0o, Galilee, Akko-Ptolemais mint, 121 - 113 B.C.; diademed of Antiochus right, horn like lock of hair above ear, ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY EΠIΦANOYΣ, Zeus Ouranios standing left, nude, crescent on , in right hand, long in left hand, M outer left, all within laurel ; ex CNG auction 391, lot 305; ex BBS 100 (17 February 1997), lot 159; $300.00 (€267.00)
, "Thasian" , c. 148 - 80 B.C.
This Dionysos / Herakles was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After took control of the , "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
GS79632. Silver , , group XIV, 24, cf. 1100 - 1104 (V CD3 / -); 1046, VF, centered, , struck with a worn die, scrape on chin, scratches and marks, 16.690 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; of Dionysos right, wearing and wreathed in flowering ivy; HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, inner left; $270.00 (€240.30)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
The as is a for .SH66874. Copper as, 683, 527A, 313 (4 Fr), VF, 11.298 g, maximum 24.5 mm, 180o, mint, 194 A.D.; L SEPT SEV IIII, laureate right; , walking right, nude but for helmet and cloak over shoulder flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, of captured arms in left over shoulder; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Solus (Kefra), , c. 395 - 350 B.C.
GI76344. Bronze tetras, I p. 310, 5; I pl. 23, 20; 740 ff.; 909; 672; 1254; -; -; -, gF, green , 2.235 g, maximum 13.1 mm, Kefra (near Solanto, , Italy) mint, Carthaginian occupation, c. 395 - 350 B.C.; of facing slightly right, wearing Corinthian helmet; Punic : KFRA, nude archer kneeling right, wearing , shooting arrow; ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Inferior
In Greek mythology, Priapus was a minor rustic fertility god, protector of livestock, fruit plants, gardens and male genitalia. Priapus is marked by his oversized, permanent erection, which gave rise to the medical term priapism. He became a popular figure in Roman erotic art and Latin literature, and is the subject of the often humorously obscene collection of verse called the Priapeia.RP79973. Bronze AE 17, 184.108.40.206 (R5), I/I 1380, 987, 2632 (R3), -, gF, , green , areas of light corrosion, 2.556 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 90o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.; AV KAI CEΠ CEVHPOC, laureate right; NIKOΠOΛI-TΩN ΠPOC IC, Priapus standing half left, nude, with enormous phallus; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.
In 295, , in the Balkans, was dispatched to to fight against the rebellious cities Busiris and Coptos.RT77118. , 90b (R2), 14365, 56, EF, most remaining, nice portrait, 8.863 g, maximum 27.7 mm, 180o, 3rd , (Sisak, Croatia) mint, c. 295 A.D.; MAXIMIANVS , laureate right; GENIO ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), standing left, on , naked but for over shoulders and left arm, pouring libation from in right hand, in left hand, Γ right, *SIS in ; $135.00 (€120.15)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
In 318, Constantine was given the title for victories in Britain. The details of the battles are unknown.RL71415. , 15/4, 164, 16083, 536, Nice VF, attractive green with red earthen highlighting, 3.616 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 315o, 1st , ( , France) mint, 318 A.D.; IMP CONSTANTINVS , laureate, draped, and right; (to the unconquered Sun, minister [of the Emperor]), Sol standing half left, , nude but for cloak over shoulders, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, P in crescent in ; ; $125.00 (€111.25)
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