, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
noted this variant it in his description of the hoard, recording only 3 specimens with ravens and the and 24 specimens of the regular with only the . The , ravens, laurel and tripod are all of . His most famous attribute is the tripod, the symbol of his prophetic powers. It was in the guise of a that brought priests from to , explaining Apollo's cult title "Delphinios" and the name of the town. He dedicated a bronze tripod to the sanctuary and bestowed divine powers on one of the priestesses, and she became known as the "Pythia." It was she who inhaled the hallucinating vapors from the fissure in the temple floor, while she sat on a tripod chewing laurel leaves. After she mumbled her answer, a male priest would translate it for the supplicant.RS70185. Silver , , 1, 131 (R), 82, 323a, 66, -, F, centered, , excellent portrait, 3.291 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 135o, Rome mint, 1 Jan - 30 Jun 80 A.D.; IMP TITVS , laureate right; TR P IX IMP XV COS P P, , ornamented with fillets, paw feet, loop handles above the , surmounted by the Pythia's seat with arms in the form of ravens and a back ornamented with a on a laurel branch; $165.00 (€143.55)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D., Roman Provincial
During the mummification process, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld.RX68898. Bronze , 5352; 17.28; 318; p 24, 204; 181; -, F, 5.514 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 0o, mint, 29 Aug 68 - 15 Jan 69 A.D.; CEΠOYI ΓAΛBA AYTO KAIΣ ΣEBA, laureate right, LB (year 2) below chin; of right, with headdress, horns, uraei and plumes, L B (year 2) on right; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very ; $160.00 (€139.20)
Athens, , , c. 264 - 267 A.D.
Athens remained a center of learning and philosophy during its 500 years of Roman rule, patronized by emperors such as and . In 267, the city was sacked by the Heruli. All the public buildings were burned, the lower city was plundered and the and Acropolis were damaged. After, the city to the of the Acropolis was hastily refortified on a smaller , with the left outside the walls.GB69774. Bronze AE 20, pl. 90, 8; cf. 378; 368; p. 99, 712, 1561 (cf. refs and variations), F, 4.770 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 0o, Athens mint, time of , c. 264 - 267 A.D.; of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, and (?); olive tree, between on left, and owl on right, AΘH in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $150.00 (€130.50)
Priene, , c. 150 - 125 B.C.
GB72670. Bronze AE 22, p. 233, 48; 2156; 879; cf. 534 (controls off ); -; -, VF, a little off center, 8.583 g, maximum 22.2 mm, 0o, Priene mint, c. 150 - 125 B.C.; of right, in crested Attic helmet; owl standing on , flanked on each side in upper by above (control symbol), PRI-HN flanking across below , AXIΛΛEI/∆HC (magistrate's name) in two lines below, all within olive wreath; ex Roger Liles Collection; ; $150.00 (€130.50)
Mende, , 400 - 346 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of , on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C.GB68715. Bronze , 221; 397 var (crescent above); p. 83, 13 var (no ivy branch), VF, 1.078 g, maximum 11.2 mm, 315o, Mende mint, 400 - 346 B.C.; of youthful Dionysos to left, wearing ivy wreath; MEN, with tall handles, ivy branch left; ; $135.00 (€117.45)
Krannon, , , 350 - 300 B.C.
A is a of Greek used for carrying water. The has three handles. Two horizontal handles on either side of the body of the pot were used for lifting and carrying the pot. The third , a vertical one, located in the center of the other two handles, was used when pouring water. This water vessel can be found in both the red and black figure styles. They often depicted scenes of Greek mythology, that reflected moral and social obligations.GB71038. Bronze , 197; 43; p. 16, 5; 2073, VF, bold strike on a , 4.666 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 180o, Krannon mint, 350 - 300 B.C.; horseman galloping right, wearing and ; K-PA/NNO, (water carrying vessel) mounted on cart; $135.00 (€117.45)
Thasos, , c. 411 - 350 B.C.
In 411 B.C., Thasos revolted from Athens and received a Lacedaemonian governor. In 407 B.C. Spartans were expelled and the Athenians readmitted. After the Battle of Aegospotami in 405 B.C., Thasos again fell under the Lacedaemonians led by Lysander who formed a decarchy there. Athens must have recovered it, for later it was one of the subjects of dispute with of .GS74533. Silver , p. 221, 53 ff., 1755, 1029 ff., 1331, aVF, , attractive , light corrosion, 0.824 g, maximum 11.4 mm, 270o, Thasos mint, c. 411 - 350 B.C.; satyr kneeling left holding ; ΘAΣ−IΩN, ; $130.00 (€113.10)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
The was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"RS70421. Silver , , 1, 356; 45; 64; 49; 27; 2282, aVF, bold relief, nice portrait, , small , 3.299 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 72 - early 73 A.D.; , laureate right; , , jug and (emblems of the augurate and pontificate), above, below; $125.00 (€108.75)
Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos. , c. 109 - 105 B.C.
Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian . In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of . The last of these kings, left his realm to Eupator, of .GB90789. Bronze , 941, 48, 161, 203, -, VF, 3.104 g, maximum 14.6 mm, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 109 - 105 B.C.; of eight ray, ΠANTIKAΠ between rays; ; ex Ancient Imports; ; $125.00 (€108.75)
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, of , and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last of , bequeathed to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made of the Roman province of . was under rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the .GB71582. Bronze AE 18, 108; 1642; 507; p. 113, 87; 336; 4193, VF, nice and , 3.400 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; draped of right, bow and quiver over shoulder; (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner flanking vase; $125.00 (€108.75)
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