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Vessels and cups depicted on coins were often those used in religious ceremonies, but also those used in daily life. The amphora, used to store olive-oil and wine, is often depicted on coins, especially from cities that were big wine producers.
Thasos, Thrace, c. 411 - 355 B.C.
In 411 B.C., Thasos revolted from Athens and received a Lacedaemonian governor. In 407 B.C. Spartans were expelled and the Athenians readmitted. After the Battle of Aegospotami in 405 B.C., Thasos again fell under the Lacedaemonians led by Lysander who formed a decarchy there. Athens must have recovered it, for later it was one of the subjects of dispute with Philip II of Macedonia.GS77601. Silver trihemiobol, Le RiderThasiennes 27; BMC Thrace p. 221, 53 ff.; SNG Cop 1029 ff., Dewing 1331; HGC 6 351 (S); SGCV I 1755, VF, nice style, tight flan, porous, light corrosion, light marks, weight 0.802 g, maximum diameter 11.9 mm, die axis 225o, Thasos mint, c. 411 - 355 B.C.; obverse satyr kneeling left, on left knee, nude but for cloak tied at waist and flying behind, cantharus in right hand; reverse ΘAΣ−IΩN, volutekrater; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
During mummification, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld.RX79882. Billontetradrachm, Milne 1059; Geissen 851; Dattari 1310; BMC Alexandria p. 75, 633; Kampmann 32.253; Emmett 828, aVF, reverse slightly off center, right side of obverselegend unstruck, areas of corrosion, weight 13.213 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 123 - 28 Aug 124 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate bust right, wearing aegis; reverse Canopus (jar) of Isis wearing crown of horns and disk, uraeus on breast, L - H (year 8) across fields; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00
Thasos, Thrace, c. 411 - 355 B.C.
In 411 B.C., Thasos revolted from Athens and received a Lacedaemonian governor. In 407 B.C. Spartans were expelled and the Athenians readmitted. After the Battle of Aegospotami in 405 B.C., Thasos again fell under the Lacedaemonians led by Lysander who formed a decarchy there. Athens must have recovered it, for later it was one of the subjects of dispute with Philip II of Macedonia.GS74533. Silver trihemiobol, BMC Thrace p. 221, 57 var. (control: barley kernel), SNG Cop 1032 var. (same); Dewing 1331 var. (no control); HGC 6 351 (S) var. (same), aVF, well centered, attractive style, light corrosion, weight 0.824 g, maximum diameter 11.4 mm, die axis 270o, Thasos mint, c. 411 - 355 B.C.; obverse satyr kneeling left, on left knee, nude but for cloak tied at waist and flying behind, cantharus in right hand, grasshopper left (control symbol) lower left; reverse ΘAΣ−IΩN, volutekrater; very rare with this control symbol; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00
Mende, Macedonia, 400 - 346 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of Eretria, on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C.GB68715. Bronze chalkous, SNG Cop 221; SNG ANS 397 var. (crescent above); BMC Macedonia p. 83, 13 var. (no ivy branch), VF, weight 1.078 g, maximum diameter 11.2 mm, die axis 315o, Mende mint, 400 - 346 B.C.; obversehead of youthful Dionysos to left, wearing ivy wreath; reverse MEN, Amphora with tall handles, ivy branch left; scarce; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00
Krannon, Thessaly, Greece, 350 - 300 B.C.
A hydria is a type of Greek pottery used for carrying water. The hydria has three handles. Two horizontal handles on either side of the body of the pot were used for lifting and carrying the pot. The third handle, a vertical one, located in the center of the other two handles, was used when pouring water. This water vessel can be found in both the red and black figure pottery styles. They often depicted scenes of Greek mythology, that reflected moral and social obligations.GB71038. Bronze dichalkon, Rogers 197; SNG Cop 43; BMC Thessaly p. 16, 5; SGCV I 2073, VF, bold strike well centered on a tight flan, weight 4.666 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 180o, Krannon mint, 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse horseman galloping right, wearing petasos and chlamys; reverse K-PA/NNO, hydria (water carrying vessel) mounted on cart; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.GB71582. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 108; SNGvA 1642; SNG München 507; BMC Troas p. 113, 87; Klein 336; SGCV II 4193, VF, nice style and patina, weight 3.400 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverseOinochoe (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner field flanking vase; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus III the Great, 223 - 187 B.C.
In 213 B.C., after a two year siege, allied with Attalus I of Pergamum, Antiochus III captured the rebel capital Sardes and executed the rebel king Achaeus. Houghton and Lorber explain that this type is attributed to Sardes based on excavation finds, that the denomination does not fit Sardian tradition, and that it was probably struck to support Antiochus' troops during the siege.GB71681. Bronze AE 20, Houghton-Lorber I 972, Newell WSM 1108, HGC 9 488 (R2), VF, well centered on a tight flan, attractive style, nice green patina, light corrosion, weight 7.046 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, near Sardes (Sart, Turkey), military mint, c. 215 - 213 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, short hair with longer locks on the back of the neck; reversetripod lebes, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, no control symbols; very rare; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
The augur was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the augur was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"RS70279. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, 356; RSC II 45; BMCRE II 64; BnF III 49; Hunter I 27; SRCV I 2282, VF, nice portrait, toned, well centered on a tight flan, high points flatly struck, weight 3.338 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 72 - early 73 A.D.; obverseIMP CAESVESPAVG P MCOS IIII, laureate head right; reverse implements of the augurate and pontificate: simpulum (ladle), aspergillum (sprinkler), ewer (jug) and lituus (augural wand), AVGVR above, TRI POT below; $105.00 SALE PRICE $95.00
Kios, Bithynia, c. 325 - 203 B.C.
According to myth, Kios (Cius) was founded on the Propontis (Sea of Marmara) by Herakles when he accompanied the Argonauts. According to Greek historians, it was founded in 626 - 625 B.C. by colonists from Miletos. The city joined the Aetolian League and was destroyed by Philip V of Macedon. Prusias I of Bithynia rebuilt the site, naming it for himself. An important chain in the ancient Silk Road, it became a wealthy town. Under Rome the name Kios was revived.GB71987. Bronze AE 14, SNG Cop 381; SNGvA 7004; BMC Pontos, p. 131, 20; Rec Gén 7, VF, dark green patina, porous, weight 2.880 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 315o, Kios (Bursa, Turkey) mint, c. 325 - 203 B.C.; obverse young beardless male head (Mithras?) right, wearing a Phrygian cap and laurel wreath; reverseKantharos between two bunches of grapes hanging on vines which emerge from the cup, A above, K-I divided by stem, all within wreath of two stalks of grain; rare; $105.00 SALE PRICE $95.00
Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, 350 - 300 B.C.
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus.GB72671. Brass AE 28, Imhoof MG p. 291, 89; Mionnet III p. 145, 620; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; BMC Ionia -, VF/F, some corrosion, weight 14.368 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, Pausanias and Metrodoros, magistrates; obverse rider on horseback right, holding lance; reversetripod lebes with dome cover tied with fillets, MAΓNHTΩN above, ΠAYΣANIAΣ to right, MHTPO∆OPOΣ to left, monogram in exergue; ex Roger Liles Collection; very rare; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00