Vessels and cups depicted on coins were often those used in religious ceremonies, but also those used in daily life. The amphora, used to store olive-oil and wine, is often depicted on coins, especially from cities that were big wine producers.
Lamia,Thessaly, Greece, 400 - 344 B.C.
Lamia has been inhabited since at least the 3rd millennium B.C., but the first historical mention is after an earthquake in 424 B.C., when it was an important Spartan military base. The city held a strategic location, controlling the narrow coastal plain that connected southern Greece with Thessaly and the rest of the Balkans. It was therefore fortified in the 5th century B.C., and was contested by the Macedonians, Thessalians and Aetolians until the Roman conquest in the early 2nd century B.C.
GS68680. Silver hemidrachm, SNG Cop 77; BCD Thessaly 1089; BCD Thessaly II 123; Traité IV 457 & pl. CCLXXXVII, 20; BMC Thessaly p. 22, 2, gF, elegant style, toned, lightly etched, weight 2.609 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, Lamia mint, 400 - 344 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos left, wearing ivy wreath; reverse ΛAMIE−ΩN, amphora with two handles, ivy leaf above, prochous to right; all within shallow round incuse; $165.00 (€123.75)
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
In the first century A.D., the Roman satirist Juvenal observed that his countrymen were made content with two things: bread and circus games. Games were part of religious celebrations and holidays. At one time, across the Empire, Romans celebrated more than forty different games each year. Glory was the main reward for athletes. The actual prize was usually a simple palm frond, wreath, ribbon, or basket.
RB59932. Copper quadrans, BMCRE III 1068, RIC II 687, Cohen 349, VF, weight 2.363 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 98 - 102 AD; obverseIMP CAESNERVA TRAIAN AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse S C, Urn containing palm frond and wreath set on three-quarter view table; $160.00 (€120.00)
Mende, Macedonia, 400 - 346 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of Eretria on the south-west side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene in the Chalkidian district of Macedonia. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. The inhabitants particularly revered Dionysos.
GB68715. Bronze chalkous, SNG Cop 221; SNG ANS 397 var (crescent above); BMC Macedonia p. 83, 13 var (no ivy branch), VF, weight 1.078 g, maximum diameter 11.2 mm, die axis 315o, Mende mint, 400 - 346 B.C.; obverse head of youthful Dionysos to left, wearing ivy wreath; reverse MEN, Amphora with tall handles, ivy branch left; scarce; $150.00 (€112.50)
Neapolis, Macedonia, c. 500 - 450 B.C.
While some examples of this hemiobol have an odd stylegorgon, this example is of a style similar to Neapolis staters. Nevertheless, Klien's attribution of the type to Neapolis is less than certain.
GS68401. Silver hemiobol, Klein 154, SNG ANS -, SNG Cop -, Rosen -, Tzamalis -, VF, porosity, weight 0.345 g, maximum diameter 7.0 mm, die axis 270o, Macedonia, Neapolis mint, c. 500 - 450 B.C.; obverseGorgon; reverseKantharos within a square incuse; very rare; $145.00 (€108.75)
Krannon, Thessaly, Greece, 350 - 300 B.C.
A hydria is a type of Greek pottery used for carrying water. The hydria has three handles. Two horizontal handles on either side of the body of the pot were used for lifting and carrying the pot. The third handle, a vertical one, located in the center of the other two handles, was used when pouring water. This water vessel can be found in both the red and black figure pottery styles. They often depicted scenes of Greek mythology, that reflected moral and social obligations.
GB71038. Bronze dichalkon, Rogers 197; SNG Cop 43; BMC Thessaly p. 16, 5; SGCV I 2073, VF, bold strike well centered on a tight flan, weight 4.666 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 180o, Krannon mint, 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse horseman galloping right, wearing petasos and chlamys; reverse K-PA/NNO, hydria (water carrying vessel) mounted on cart; $135.00 (€101.25)
Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos. Thrace, c. 109 - 105 B.C.
Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB90789. Bronze dichalkon, SNG BM 941, SNG Cop 48, MacDonald 161, Anokhin 203, SNG Stancomb -, VF, weight 3.104 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 109 - 105 B.C.; obversestar of eight ray, ΠANTIKAΠ between rays; reversetripod lebes; ex Ancient Imports; scarce; $125.00 (€93.75)
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 190 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.
GB71582. Bronze AE 18, BMC Troas p. 113, 87 ff.; SNGvA 1642; SNG Cop 108, VF, nice style and patina, weight 3.400 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 190 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right; reverse one-handled vase between two laurel branches, KY above, Z−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ across field; $125.00 (€93.75)
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
In 77 or 78 A.D., Gnaeus Julius Agricola was made governor of Roman Britain, a post he occupied until 84. In his first year, Agricola subdued the Ordovices in Wales and pursued the remnants of the tribe to Anglesey, the holy island of the Druids. According to Tacitus, he exterminated the whole tribe. The Ordovices do completely disappear from the historical record, but considering the mountainous terrain, it is unlikely killed the entire population. Another tribe, the Silures, was either also militarily defeated or simply agreed to terms. Tacitus wrote of the Silures: non atrocitate, non clementia mutabatur - the tribe "was changed neither by cruelty nor by clemency." A Roman squadron, sent by Agricola, explored the north of Scotland for the first time, discovering the Orkney and Shetland Islands.
RS70120. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, 981; BMCRE II 218; RSC II 216; BnF III 192; SRCV I 2293, F, toned, weight 3.259 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 77 - 78 A.D.; obverseCAESARVESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left; reversemodius filled with stalks of grain, IMP - XIX flanking across field; scarce; $120.00 (€90.00)
Myrina, Aeolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Myrina was a thriving town popular with tourists and known for its terracotta, glassware and oysters.
GB90738. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 225; SNGvA 1666; SNG München 571 - 573; BMC Troas p. 137, 27 ff., aVF, nice style, nice green patina, weight 3.728 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Myrina mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverseamphora, lyre right, MY-PI flanking across lower field; $90.00 (€67.50)
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Neocaesarea, Pontus
Neocaesarea (modern Niksar, Turkey) was a favorite residences of Mithridates the Great and later of King Polemon and his successors. Pompey made it a city and gave it the name of Diopolis, while Pythodoris widow of Polemon, made it her capital and called it Sebaste. Judging from its coins the city was probably renamed Neocaesarea during the reign of Tiberius. In 344 and again in 499 the city was destroyed by an earthquake.
RP51390. Bronze AE 28, Rec Gén 53; SNGvA 109; BMC Pontus p. 34, 14 var (no palm beneath table), VF, weight 14.425 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 225o, Neocaesarea mint, 241 - 242 A.D.; obverse AY K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverse KOI ΠONT MH NEOKAICAPIAC, Agnostic table with ornate prize urn and palm on top, palm below table, ET POH in ex.; $80.00 (€60.00)