, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial
During mummification, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld.RX79882. , 1059; 851; 1310; p. 75, 633; 32.253; 828, aVF, slightly off-center, right side of unstruck, areas of corrosion, 13.213 g, maximum 24.2 mm, 0o, mint, 29 Aug 123 - 28 Aug 124 A.D.; AYT KAI TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate right, wearing ; Canopus (jar) of wearing crown of horns and disk, on breast, L - H (year 8) across fields; $135.00 (€120.15)
Thasos, , c. 411 - 355 B.C.
In 411 B.C., Thasos revolted from Athens and received a Lacedaemonian governor. In 407 B.C. Spartans were expelled and the Athenians readmitted. After the Battle of Aegospotami in 405 B.C., Thasos again fell under the Lacedaemonians led by Lysander who formed a decarchy there. Athens must have recovered it, for later it was one of the subjects of dispute with of .GS74533. Silver , p. 221, 57 var. (control: barley kernel), 1032 var. (same); 1331 var. (no control); 351 (S) var. (same), aVF, , attractive , light corrosion, 0.824 g, maximum 11.4 mm, 270o, Thasos mint, c. 411 - 355 B.C.; satyr kneeling left, on left knee, nude but for cloak tied at waist and flying behind, in right hand, grasshopper left (control symbol) lower left; ΘAΣ−IΩN, ; very with this control symbol; $130.00 (€115.70)
Thasos, , c. 411 - 355 B.C.
In 411 B.C., Thasos revolted from Athens and received a Lacedaemonian governor. In 407 B.C. Spartans were expelled and the Athenians readmitted. After the Battle of Aegospotami in 405 B.C., Thasos again fell under the Lacedaemonians led by Lysander who formed a decarchy there. Athens must have recovered it, for later it was one of the subjects of dispute with of .
GS77601. Silver , 27; p. 221, 53 ff.; 1029 ff., 1331; 351 (S); 1755, VF, nice , , porous, light corrosion, light marks, 0.802 g, maximum 11.9 mm, 225o, Thasos mint, c. 411 - 355 B.C.; satyr kneeling left, on left knee, nude but for cloak tied at waist and flying behind, in right hand; ΘAΣ−IΩN, ; $125.00 (€111.25)
Mende, , 400 - 346 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of , on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C.GB68715. Bronze , 221; 397 var. (crescent above); p. 83, 13 var. (no ivy branch), VF, 1.078 g, maximum 11.2 mm, 315o, Mende mint, 400 - 346 B.C.; of youthful Dionysos to left, wearing ivy ; MEN, with tall handles, ivy branch left; ; $120.00 (€106.80)
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, of , and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last of , bequeathed to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made of the Roman province of . was under rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the .GB71582. Bronze AE 18, 108; 1642; 507; p. 113, 87; 336; 4193, VF, nice and , 3.400 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; draped of right, bow and quiver over shoulder; (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner flanking vase; $110.00 (€97.90)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus III the Great, 223 - 187 B.C.
In 213 B.C., after a two year siege, allied with Attalus I of , Antiochus III captured the rebel capital Sardes and executed the rebel Achaeus. and explain that this is attributed to Sardes based on excavation finds, that the does not fit Sardian tradition, and that it was probably struck to support Antiochus' troops during the siege.GB71681. Bronze AE 20, I 972, 1108, 488 (R2), VF, on a , attractive , nice green , light corrosion, 7.046 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 0o, near Sardes (Sart, Turkey), military mint, c. 215 - 213 B.C.; laureate of right, short hair with longer locks on the back of the neck; , BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, no control ; very ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Kios, , c. 325 - 203 B.C.
According to myth, Kios (Cius) was founded on the Propontis (Sea of Marmara) by Herakles when he accompanied the Argonauts. According to Greek historians, it was founded in 626 - 625 B.C. by from Miletos. The city joined the Aetolian League and was destroyed by Philip V of Macedon. Prusias I of rebuilt the site, naming it for himself. An important chain in the ancient Silk Road, it became a wealthy town. Under Rome the name Kios was revived.GB71987. Bronze AE 14, 381; 7004; BMC Pontos, p. 131, 20; 7, VF, dark green , porous, 2.880 g, maximum 13.5 mm, 315o, Kios (Bursa, Turkey) mint, c. 325 - 203 B.C.; young beardless male (Mithras?) right, wearing a and laurel ; between two bunches of grapes hanging on vines which emerge from the cup, A above, K-I divided by stem, all within of two stalks of grain; ; $105.00 (€93.45)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
The was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"RS70279. Silver , , 1, 356; 45; 64; 49; 27; 2282, VF, nice portrait, , on a , high points flatly struck, 3.338 g, maximum 17.4 mm, 135o, Rome mint, 72 - early 73 A.D.; , laureate right; implements of the augurate and pontificate: (ladle), ( ), ewer (jug) and (augural wand), above, below; $100.00 (€89.00)
Magnesia ad Maeandrum, , 350 - 300 B.C.
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of , located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of .GB72671. Brass AE 28, p. 291, 89; III p. 145, 620; -; -; -, VF/F, some corrosion, 14.368 g, maximum 27.5 mm, 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, Pausanias and Metrodoros, magistrates; rider on horseback right, holding lance; with dome cover tied with fillets, MAΓNHTΩN above, ΠAYΣANIAΣ to right, MHTPO∆OPOΣ to left, in ; ex Roger Liles Collection; very ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Sardes, , c. 133 B.C. - 14 A.D.
was the capital of the Kingdom of , an important city of the Persian Empire, a Roman seat, and in later Roman and times the of the province . In the Book of Revelation, , one of the Seven Churches of , is admonished to be watchful and to strengthen since their works haven't been perfect before God. (Revelation 3:1-6).GB73031. Bronze AE 15, 228 - 230 var. ( ), p. 241, 45 - 46 var. (same); 469 var. (same), VF, corrosion, 3.994 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, under Roman rule, c. 133 B.C. - 14 A.D.; of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion-scalp headdress knotted at neck; ΣAΠ∆I−ANΩN, , no ; ; $90.00 (€80.10)
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