Leontini, , c. 405 - 402 B.C.
Leontini was founded as by from Naxos in 729 BC, itself a Chalcidian colony established five years earlier. It was the only significant Greek settlement in not located on the coast, being some 6 miles inland. The site, originally held by the Sicels, was seized by the Greeks owing to its command of the fertile plain to the . The city was reduced to subject status in 498 BC by Hippocrates of Gela, and in 476 BC Hieron of moved the inhabitants from Catania and Naxos to Leontini. GI76342. Bronze tetras, III p. 77, 3; 360; 270; 606; 1070; p. 92, 56; 169; 709 (R1), VF, , glossy dark , 1.891 g, maximum 14.1 mm, 180o, Leontini mint, c. 405 - 402 B.C.; laureate of right, olive leaf and olive behind; with loop handles, a barley kernel flanking on each side, between legs of tripod, three pellets in ; $150.00 (€133.50)
Kyzikos, , c. 200 - 27 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GB72168. Bronze AE 28, 7355 (with same ); 505 (also with same c/m); 84; p. 40, 167, VF, nice , , nice green , bevelled obv edge, 12.530 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 90o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 27 B.C.; of Kore Soteira right, wearing grain ; : standing right, wings open in a 7.5mm round punch; tripod with three loop handles, KYZI/KHNWN from upper right, in two flanking downward lines, branch right above, torch left below, outer right, outer left; $145.00 (€129.05)
Thasos, , c. 411 - 355 B.C.
In 411 B.C., Thasos revolted from Athens and received a Lacedaemonian governor. In 407 B.C. Spartans were expelled and the Athenians readmitted. After the Battle of Aegospotami in 405 B.C., Thasos again fell under the Lacedaemonians led by Lysander who formed a decarchy there. Athens must have recovered it, for later it was one of the subjects of dispute with of .GS77601. Silver , 27; p. 221, 53 ff.; 1029 ff., 1331; 351 (S); 1755, VF, nice , , porous, light corrosion, light marks, 0.802 g, maximum 11.9 mm, 225o, Thasos mint, c. 411 - 355 B.C.; satyr kneeling left, on left knee, nude but for cloak tied at waist and flying behind, in right hand; ΘAΣ−IΩN, ; $125.00 (€111.25)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial
During mummification, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld.RX79882. , 1059; 851; 1310; p. 75, 633; 32.253; 828, aVF, slightly off-center, right side of unstruck, areas of corrosion, 13.213 g, maximum 24.2 mm, 0o, mint, 29 Aug 123 - 28 Aug 124 A.D.; AYT KAI TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate right, wearing ; Canopus (jar) of wearing crown of horns and disk, on breast, L - H (year 8) across fields; $120.00 (€106.80)
Mende, , 400 - 346 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of , on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C.GB68715. Bronze , 221; 397 var. (crescent above); p. 83, 13 var. (no ivy branch), VF, 1.078 g, maximum 11.2 mm, 315o, Mende mint, 400 - 346 B.C.; of youthful Dionysos to left, wearing ivy ; MEN, with tall handles, ivy branch left; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
The was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"RS70281. Silver , , 1, 356; 45; 64; 49; 27; 2282, aVF, nice portrait, rosy , centered on a , 3.399 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 135o, Rome mint, 72 - early 73 A.D.; , laureate right; implements of the augurate and pontificate: (ladle), ( ), ewer (jug) and (augural wand), above, below; $100.00 (€89.00)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
RS70236. Silver , , 1, 980; 216; 216; 190; 2293, aVF, , 3.466 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 77 - 78 A.D.; AVG, laureate right; filled with stalks of grain, IMP - XIX flanking across ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, of , and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last of , bequeathed to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made of the Roman province of . was under rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the .GB71582. Bronze AE 18, 108; 1642; 507; p. 113, 87; 336; 4193, VF, nice and , 3.400 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; draped of right, bow and quiver over shoulder; (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner flanking vase; $95.00 (€84.55)
Kios, , c. 325 - 203 B.C.
According to myth, Kios (Cius) was founded on the Propontis (Sea of Marmara) by Herakles when he accompanied the Argonauts. According to historians, it was founded in 626 - 625 B.C. by from Miletos. Kios was often subject to greater powers, predominantly the Persian Empire until Alexander the Great invaded and took the city in 334 B.C. After disputes with Alexander's successors, Kios joined the Aetolian League, in opposition to . In 202 B.C., Philip V of and Prusias I of Bythinia destroyed the city and massacred, banished, or enslaved its citizens. Prusias built a new city on the site and named it for himself (Prusias ad Mare). After this atrocity, the Rodians asked the Roman Senate for . The Romans seized this opportunity to invade and defeat Philip V. In 74 B.C., after the death of Nikomides III, the Romans occupied Kios and the whole of Bythinia. Under Rome, the name Kios was revived. An important link in the ancient Silk Road, Kios became a wealthy town.GB71987. Bronze AE 14, 381; 7004; BMC Pontos, p. 131, 20; 7, VF, dark green , porous, 2.880 g, maximum 13.5 mm, 315o, Kios (Bursa, Turkey) mint, c. 325 - 203 B.C.; young beardless male (Mithras?) right, wearing a and laurel ; between two bunches of grapes hanging on vines which emerge from the cup, A above, K-I divided by stem, all within of two stalks of grain; ; $95.00 (€84.55)
Magnesia ad Maeandrum, , 350 - 300 B.C.
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of , located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of .GB72671. Brass AE 28, p. 291, 89; III p. 145, 620; -; -; -, VF/F, some corrosion, 14.368 g, maximum 27.5 mm, 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, Pausanias and Metrodoros, magistrates; rider on horseback right, holding lance; with dome cover tied with fillets, MAΓNHTΩN above, ΠAYΣANIAΣ to right, MHTPO∆OPOΣ to left, in ; ex Roger Liles Collection; very ; $80.00 (€71.20)
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