Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.
Antiochus II Theos was the son of Antiochus I and Princess Stratonice, the daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. He inherited a state of war with and while he was thus occupied, his satraps in and declared independence. To make peace with and to seal the treaty, Antiochus repudiated his wife Laodice I, exiled her to , and married Ptolemy II's daughter Berenice. Antiochus later left Berenice and their infant son Antiochus, to live again with Laodice. Laodice poisoned him, had Berenice and her infant son murdered, and proclaimed her son Seleucus II as .
GB71560. Bronze AE 16, cf. I 525(1); 1407 ff.; 95; 362; p. 15, 13; 253a (all various controls outer left), EF, nice jade green , typical , contact marks, slightest spots of corrosion, 3.767 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 261 - 246 B.C.; laureate of right, hair falling in spiral curls down neck and beneath ear; with paw feet, with flukes right below, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, outer left and outer right (controls, outer left off ); $150.00 (€133.50)
Leontini, , c. 405 - 402 B.C.
Leontini was founded as by from Naxos in 729 BC, itself a Chalcidian colony established five years earlier. It was the only significant Greek settlement in not located on the coast, being some 6 miles inland. The site, originally held by the Sicels, was seized by the Greeks owing to its command of the fertile plain to the . The city was reduced to subject status in 498 BC by Hippocrates of Gela, and in 476 BC Hieron of moved the inhabitants from Catania and Naxos to Leontini. GI76342. Bronze tetras, III p. 77, 3; 360; 270; 606; 1070; p. 92, 56; 169; 709 (R1), VF, , glossy dark , 1.891 g, maximum 14.1 mm, 180o, Leontini mint, c. 405 - 402 B.C.; laureate of right, olive leaf and olive behind; with loop handles, a barley kernel flanking on each side, between legs of tripod, three pellets in ; $135.00 (€120.15)
Kyzikos, , c. 200 - 27 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in , it was made over to . Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GB72168. Bronze AE 28, 7355 (with same ); 505 (also with same c/m); 84; p. 40, 167, VF, nice , , nice green , bevelled obv edge, 12.530 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 90o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 27 B.C.; of Kore Soteira right, wearing grain ; : standing right, wings open in a 7.5mm round punch; tripod with three loop handles, KYZI/KHNWN from upper right, in two flanking downward lines, branch right above, torch left below, outer right, outer left; $120.00 (€106.80)
, , c. 95 - 92 B.C.
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of may also have held a , perhaps associated with the missing phallus of .
The is the staff carried by and his associates; topped by a pine or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.GS84724. Silver , 10; 94, 1718, 7467; -; -, VF, off center and struck with a worn die, 12.569 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 95 - 92 B.C.; Cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within of ivy with berries; bow-case holding strung bow and ornamented with an , flanked on each side by a snake with erect, BO above, to left, snake entwined to right; $110.00 (€97.90)
Mende, , 400 - 346 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of , on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C.GB68715. Bronze , 221; 397 var. (crescent above); p. 83, 13 var. (no ivy branch), VF, 1.078 g, maximum 11.2 mm, 315o, Mende mint, 400 - 346 B.C.; of youthful Dionysos to left, wearing ivy ; MEN, with tall handles, ivy branch left; ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Kios, , c. 325 - 203 B.C.
According to myth, Kios (Cius) was founded on the Propontis (Sea of Marmara) by Herakles when he accompanied the Argonauts. According to historians, it was founded in 626 - 625 B.C. by from Miletos. Kios was often subject to greater powers, predominantly the Persian Empire until Alexander the Great invaded and took the city in 334 B.C. After disputes with Alexander's successors, Kios joined the Aetolian League, in opposition to . In 202 B.C., Philip V of and Prusias I of Bythinia destroyed the city and massacred, banished, or enslaved its citizens. Prusias built a new city on the site and named it for himself (Prusias ad Mare). After this atrocity, the Rodians asked the Roman Senate for . The Romans seized this opportunity to invade and defeat Philip V. In 74 B.C., after the death of Nikomides III, the Romans occupied Kios and the whole of Bythinia. Under , the name Kios was revived. An important link in the ancient Silk Road, Kios became a wealthy town.
GB71987. Bronze AE 14, 381; 7004; , p. 131, 20; I.2 7, VF, dark green , porous, 2.880 g, maximum 13.5 mm, 315o, Kios (Bursa, Turkey) mint, c. 325 - 203 B.C.; young beardless male (Mithras?) right, wearing a and laurel ; between two bunches of grapes hanging on vines which emerge from the cup, A above, K-I divided by stem, all within of two stalks of grain; ; $85.00 (€75.65)
Magnesia ad Maeandrum, , 350 - 300 B.C.
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of , located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of .GB72671. Brass AE 28, p. 291, 89; III p. 145, 620; -; -; -, VF/F, some corrosion, 14.368 g, maximum 27.5 mm, 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near , Turkey) mint, Pausanias and Metrodoros, magistrates; rider on horseback right, holding lance; with dome cover tied with fillets, MAΓNHTΩN above, ΠAYΣANIAΣ to right, MHTPO∆OPOΣ to left, in ; ex Roger Liles Collection; very ; $80.00 (€71.20)
Laodikeia on the Lykos, , c. 133 - 67 B.C.
on the Lycus was located in the Hellenistic regions of and , which later became the Roman Province of Pacatiana. In 188 B.C., the city passed to the Kingdom of . After 133 B.C. it fell under Roman control. It suffered greatly during the Mithridatic Wars but quickly recovered under the dominion of . Towards the end of the Roman Republic and under the first emperors, , benefiting from its advantageous position on a trade route, became one of the most important and flourishing commercial cities of . It contained one of the Seven churches of mentioned in the Book of Revelation.GB77497. Bronze AE 14, 506, 741 (S), 3805 var. (rev leg arrangement), p. 286, 44 var. (same), VF, dark green with earthen highlighting, 3.063 g, maximum 14.0 mm, 0o, Laodikeia (near Denizli, Turkey) mint, c. 133 - 67 B.C.; laureate of , long curls down neck; ΛAO∆IKEΩN, ; ex Divus Numismatic, ex H. D. auction 92 (22 Apr 2013), lot 1117; $80.00 (€71.20)
Abydos, , c. 320 - 200 B.C.
Abydos is located on the Asiatic of the Hellespont (Dardanelles), at the shortest crossing point, scarcely a mile across from Sestus on the European side. In the Iliad, Abydos was an ally of the Trojans (Iliad ii.836) and it is the mythical of Leander. Persians occupied it in 514 B.C. and Darius burned it in 512. When he invaded in 480 B.C., Xerxes built his two bridges of boats across the strait from Abydos. Abydos became a member of the Delian League, but revolted against Athens in 411 B.C. It allied itself to Sparta, until 394 B.C. Then it passed under rule until 334. Alexander the Great threw a spear to Abydos while crossing the strait and claimed as his own. Abydos is celebrated for the vigorous resistance it made against Philip V of Macedon in 200 B.C. The city minted coins from the early fifth century B.C. to the mid-third century A.D.GB77994. Bronze AE 11, 33 ff. var.; 18 var., 7538 var.; 2516 var., 5270 var., - (none with this control symbol), VF, very nice for the , 1.750 g, maximum 10.8 mm, 90o, Abydos mint, c. 320 - 200 B.C.; laureate of right; ABY, standing right, wings closed, right, (control symbol) right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $80.00 (€71.20)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C., Sardes,
Antiochus II Theos was the son of Antiochus I and Princess Stratonice, the daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. He inherited a state of war with and while he was thus occupied, his satraps in and declared independence. To make peace with and to seal the treaty, Antiochus repudiated his wife Laodice I, exiled her to , and married Ptolemy II's daughter Berenice. Antiochus later left Berenice and their infant son Antiochus, to live again with Laodice. Laodice poisoned him, had Berenice and her infant son murdered, and proclaimed her son Seleucus II as .GB85167. Bronze AE 17, I 524(3); 253a, 598 var. (controls), VF, dark with areas of exposed bronze, , light corrosion, 3.136 g, maximum 17.4 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 4th series; laureate of right, wavy locks falling forward over shoulder and down back of neck; , , BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, ∆H (control) outer left, o∆ (control) outer right, flukes right below; $80.00 (€71.20)
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