Thasos, , c. 411 - 355 B.C.
In 411 B.C., Thasos revolted from Athens and received a Lacedaemonian governor. In 407 B.C. Spartans were expelled and the Athenians readmitted. After the Battle of Aegospotami in 405 B.C., Thasos again fell under the Lacedaemonians led by Lysander who formed a decarchy there. Athens must have recovered it, for later it was one of the subjects of dispute with of .GS74533. Silver , p. 221, 57 var. (control: barley kernel), 1032 var. (same); 1331 var. (no control); 351 (S) var. (same), aVF, , attractive , light corrosion, 0.824 g, maximum 11.4 mm, 270o, Thasos mint, c. 411 - 355 B.C.; satyr kneeling left, on left knee, nude but for cloak tied at waist and flying behind, in right hand, grasshopper left (control symbol) lower left; ΘAΣ−IΩN, ; very with this control symbol; $130.00 (€115.70)
Methymna, , c. 450 - 379 B.C.
Methymna, the prosperous second city of , was, According to myth, named after a daughter of , the god of the island, and Macar, the island's first . Methymna had a long-standing rivalry with Mytilene and sided with Athens during the Mytilenaean revolt in 428 B.C. All the other cities of sided with Mytilene. After Athenians put down the revolt, only Methymna was spared from being made a cleruchy. After 427, Methymna and were the only members of the Delian League to remain self-governing and exempt from tribute, indicating a privileged position within the Athenian Empire. Methymna was briefly captured by the Spartans in summer 412, but quickly retaken by the Athenians. When the Spartan Kallikratidas besieged Methymna in 406, the city stayed loyal to its Athenian garrison and held out until it was betrayed by several traitors.GS76285. Silver ON RESERVE
, 351, 351, 904 (R2), -, VF, centered, uneven , die wear and cracks, tiny , light corrosion, 0.520 g, maximum 8.1 mm, 270o, Methymna mint, c. 450/40 - 406/379 B.C.; of right, wearing crested Attic helmet with spiral floral ornament; , MAΘ around, linear , all within a round ; $130.00 (€115.70)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus III the Great, 223 - 187 B.C.
In 213 B.C., after a two year siege, allied with Attalus I of , Antiochus III captured the rebel capital Sardes and executed the rebel Achaeus. and explain that this is attributed to Sardes based on excavation finds, that the does not fit Sardian tradition, and that it was probably struck to support Antiochus' troops during the siege.GB71681. Bronze AE 20, I 972, 1108, 488 (R2), VF, on a , attractive , nice green , light corrosion, 7.046 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 0o, near Sardes (Sart, Turkey), military mint, c. 215 - 213 B.C.; laureate of right, short hair with longer locks on the back of the neck; , BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, no control ; very ; $125.00 (€111.25)
Mende, , 400 - 346 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of , on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C.GB68715. Bronze , 221; 397 var. (crescent above); p. 83, 13 var. (no ivy branch), VF, 1.078 g, maximum 11.2 mm, 315o, Mende mint, 400 - 346 B.C.; of youthful Dionysos to left, wearing ivy wreath; MEN, with tall handles, ivy branch left; ; $120.00 (€106.80)
Krannon, , , 350 - 300 B.C.
A is a of Greek used for carrying water. The has three handles. Two horizontal handles on either side of the body of the pot were used for lifting and carrying the pot. The third , a vertical one, located in the center of the other two handles, was used when pouring water. This water vessel can be found in both the red and black figure styles. They often depicted scenes of Greek mythology, that reflected moral and social obligations.GB71038. Bronze , 197; 43; p. 16, 5; 2073, VF, bold strike on a , 4.666 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 180o, Krannon mint, 350 - 300 B.C.; horseman galloping right, wearing and ; K-PA/NNO, (water carrying vessel) mounted on cart; $120.00 (€106.80)
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, of , and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last of , bequeathed to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made of the Roman province of . was under rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the .GB71582. Bronze AE 18, 108; 1642; 507; p. 113, 87; 336; 4193, VF, nice and , 3.400 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; draped of right, bow and quiver over shoulder; (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner flanking vase; $110.00 (€97.90)
Lamia, , , 400 - 344 B.C.
Lamia has been inhabited since at least the 3rd millennium B.C., but the first historical mention is after an earthquake in 424 B.C., when it was an important Spartan military base. The city held a strategic location, controlling the narrow coastal plain that connected southern with and the rest of the Balkans. It was therefore fortified in the 5th century B.C., and was contested by the Macedonians, Thessalians and Aetolians until the Roman conquest in the early 2nd century B.C.GS75127. Silver , 77; 1089; 123; IV 457 & pl. CCLXXXVII, 20; p. 22, 2; 6, VF, , scratches, 2.429 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 345o, Lamia mint, 400 - 344 B.C.; of Dionysos left, wearing ivy wreath; ΛAMIE−ΩN, with two handles, ivy leaf above, with lower right, all within shallow round ; ex Numismatics e-sale 12 (1 Nov 2014), lot 266; ex Frank James Collection; ex William Holzman (1962); $110.00 (€97.90)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
The was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"RS70279. Silver , , 1, 356; 45; 64; 49; 27; 2282, VF, nice portrait, , on a , high points flatly struck, 3.338 g, maximum 17.4 mm, 135o, Rome mint, 72 - early 73 A.D.; , laureate right; implements of the augurate and pontificate: (ladle), ( ), ewer (jug) and (augural wand), above, below; $105.00 (€93.45)
Kios, , c. 325 - 203 B.C.
According to myth, Kios (Cius) was founded on the Propontis (Sea of Marmara) by Herakles when he accompanied the Argonauts. According to Greek historians, it was founded in 626 - 625 B.C. by from Miletos. The city joined the Aetolian League and was destroyed by Philip V of Macedon. Prusias I of rebuilt the site, naming it for himself. An important chain in the ancient Silk Road, it became a wealthy town. Under Rome the name Kios was revived.GB71987. Bronze AE 14, 381; 7004; BMC Pontos, p. 131, 20; 7, VF, dark green , porous, 2.880 g, maximum 13.5 mm, 315o, Kios (Bursa, Turkey) mint, c. 325 - 203 B.C.; young beardless male (Mithras?) right, wearing a and laurel wreath; between two bunches of grapes hanging on vines which emerge from the cup, A above, K-I divided by stem, all within wreath of two stalks of grain; ; $105.00 (€93.45)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
was the Roman personification of Hope. In art is normally depicted carrying flowers or a , but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the , , the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.RB76910. Copper (or as), MA1535 (S), MA1533, 405, 18 341, 5561, aVF, excellent centering, attractive green , scrape near the upper right edge on , 12.184 g, maximum 27.5 mm, 0o, Rome mint, as , 175 - 176 A.D.; COMMODO AVG FIL , draped, bare headed right, from behind; , implements of the pontificate: (knife), ( ), (jug), (wand), and (ladle); ; $100.00 (€89.00)
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