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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Justice & Equity||View Options:  |  |  | 

Justice: Equity (Dikaiosyne or Aequitas) and Punishment (Nemisis)

In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity. Dikaiosyne is the Greek equivalent personification of justice and fair dealing.

Nemesis, the balancer of life, is the goddess of revenge, the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers. She distributes fortune, good or bad, in due proportion to each according to what is deserved. She often holds a lorum, a long scarf worn by Roman magistrates, to symbolize her authority as judge, and scales or a cubit rule to measure each man's just deserts. The wheel of fate rests against her side.

Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.

|Lucius| |Verus|, |Lucius| |Verus,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |February| |169| |A.D.|, |denarius|
In 168, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus left Rome, establish their headquarters at Aquileia. The Roman army crossed the Alps into Pannonia and subdued the Marcomanni at Carnuntum north of the Danube.
RS94120. Silver denarius, RSC II 325a, BMCRE IV 499, Szaivert MIR 18 172, Hunter II 44, SRCV II 5363, RIC III -, aVF, well centered, toned, nice portrait style, flow lines, edge splits and cracks, weight 2.697 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 168 - Feb 169 A.D.; obverse L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right; reverse TR P VIIII IMP V COS III, Aequitas seated left, feet on footstool, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; very rare, not in RIC!; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

|Philip| |I|, |Philip| |I| |the| |Arab,| |February| |244| |-| |End| |of| |September| |249| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
RIC and RSC list this type with the reverse legend ending AVGG and note that Cohen describes it as ending AVG in error. Cohen does list this reverse from Antioch, but with a bust left. While the AVG ending is rare, we do know of other examples.
RS92350. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8917, Tulln Hoard 894, ”vŠri 7A, Bland 16 (29 spec.), Cohen V 9, RIC IV 82 var. (bust l.); RSC IV 8 var. (same), Hunter III -, EF, excellent portrait, some mint luster, well centered, uneven strike resulting in parts of legends weak, flow lines, tiny edge cracks, weight 4.569 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, mid - end 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing half left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; rare; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.|, |denarius|
Honos was the god of chivalry, honor and military justice. He was usually depicted in art with a spear and a cornucopia. He was sometimes identified with Virtus.
RS94655. Silver denarius, RIC III AP429a, RSC II 110, BMCRE IV AP594, Hunter II 30, SRCV II 1379, Choice aVF, nice portrait, well centered, flow lines, toned, scattered small pits on reverse, edge cracks, weight 3.202 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 145 - 147 A.D.; obverse AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F, bare head right, slight drapery; reverse COS II, Honos standing facing, togate, head left, branch in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.|, |denarius|
In 194, Marcus Aurelius crossed the Danube with an expeditionary force, he subdued the Marcomanni and their allies. In a pact signed with the Germanic tribes, he imported them to occupy areas of the Roman Empire that had been depopulated by the plague.
RS94636. Silver denarius, RSC II 257b (no drapery), BMCRE IV 561, RIC III 253 var., SRCV II -, Hunter II -, Choice VF, well centered, flow lines, scattered porosity, edge ragged with small splits, cracks and a sprue remnant, weight 3.064 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 172 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVI, laureate, (draped?) and cuirassed bust right; reverse IMP VI COS III, Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00 ON RESERVE


Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.

|Lucius| |Verus|, |Lucius| |Verus,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |February| |169| |A.D.|, |denarius|
In 168, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus left Rome, establish their headquarters at Aquileia. The Roman army crossed the Alps into Pannonia and subdued the Marcomanni at Carnuntum north of the Danube.
RS92459. Silver denarius, Hunter II 41, RIC III 595, RSC II 318, BMCRE IV 481, SRCV II 5362, VF, excellent portrait, toned, flow lines, die wear, tight flan, small encrustations, weight 3.264 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Feb - Dec 168 A.D.; obverse L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right; reverse TR P VIII IMP V COS III, Aequitas seated left, feet on footstool, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.|, |denarius|
In 168 A.D., Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus established their headquarters at Aquileia. They then crossed the Alps into Pannonia and, with paid help from German tribes and the Scythians, subdued the Marcomanni who had invaded Italy in 167.
RS94642. Silver denarius, RIC III 191, RSC II 899, BMCRE IV 467, MIR 18 165-4/30, SRCV II 4936, Hunter II -, gF, toned, flow lines, die wear, small edge cracks, weight 3.447 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 167 - Dec 168 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right; reverse TR P XXII IMP V COS III, Aequitas seated left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

|Gallienus|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA74573. Billon antoninianus, GŲbl MIR 1610i, RSC IV 25c, RIC V-1 S627, Hunter IV p. lxix, SRCV III 10168, VF, nice portrait, white metal, parts of legends weak, porous, weight 3.689 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 170o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 264 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star in exergue; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.40







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REFERENCES

Posnansky, H. Nemesis und Adrasteia. (Koebner, 1890).
Catalog current as of Sunday, April 5, 2020.
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