, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
In 146, received the imperium proconsular and the Younger was given the title Augusta.SH73156. , 1669, 767a, 974, 320, 709, 4168, VF, nice green , nice portrait, light scratches, , 22.051 g, maximum 31.5 mm, 0o, mint, c. 146 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG - P P TR P, laureate right; Antoninus in slow left, eagle-tipped in left, reins in right, / S C in two lines in ; $600.00 (€534.00)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
The liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and . In late Republican , the was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of in 44 B.C., and his co-conspirators used the to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.SH84074. , 388 (S), 70, 112, I 54, 2118 var. (laureate right), 23 var. (same), aVF, excellent portrait, attractive dark sea-green , shallow old cuts on the , areas of corrosion, 23.372 g, maximum 35.8 mm, 180o, mint, c. Oct 68 A.D; SER IMP , laureate and draped right; (freedom of the people), Liberty standing half left, liberatis in right hand, rod in left hand and cradled in left arm, ( ) flanking across at center; ; $510.00 (€453.90)
, , 338 - 317 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to in 210 B.C.GI76352. Bronze AE 18, I p. 206, 116 R1 2; 1113; 164; 95 var.; -, gVF, , nice green , , 6.283 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 270o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, 338 - 317 B.C.; AKPA−ΓA, laureate of Zeus left; standing left, wings open, tearing at hare left in talons, ∆ below wings; $500.00 (€445.00)
Kamarina, , c. 420 - 405 B.C.
A was a horror-creating pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, , Hellenistic kings and wore for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A image is at the center of the of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone in from about 600 B.C.GI79953. Bronze tetras, , C, 189; p. 39, 36; III, p. 53, 16; 432; 546; -; -, gVF, , nice green , and struck, light marks, very light corrosion, small edge split, 4.731 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 0o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ) round , wild locks, no hair band, large eyes, straight mouth; KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right on right leg, grasping lizard with down in the left talon, three pellets (mark of value) in , Γ (control mark) right; $500.00 (€445.00)
Kings of , Thracian Kainoi, Mostis, c. 126 - 86 B.C.
Mostis, reigned c. 126 - 86 B.C., was of the Thracian Kainoi (Caeni) tribe in South East to Strandzha mountain, territory in Bulgaria and Turkey today. He is best known from his coinage, which includes bronze coins and tetradrachms.GB77206. Bronze AE 20, 311 - 312, 134, -, -, -, VF, green , some light corrosion, 4.750 g, maximum 19.9 mm, c. 126 - 86 B.C.; heads of Zeus and right; : ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / MOΣTI∆OΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, above right; very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Constantine IV Pogonatus, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.
Constantine IV Pogonatus should be credited with saving Europe from Muslim conquest. Beginning in 674, the great siege of Constantinople, by the caliph Muawiyah I, lasted four years. The newly invented famous "Greek Fire" made the city impregnable and the Arabs were forced to retreat. In 681 he deposed his two brothers. He was succeeded by his 16-year-old son Justinian II.BZ84239. Bronze half , 245, 67, 186, 112, 1214, -, VF, green , rough, 2.566 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 180o, mint, 679 - 681 A.D.; helmeted and facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder; large K, above, +AN-NO ∆ (year 4) flanking left and right; very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $400.00 (€356.00)
Kamarina, , 413 - 405 B.C.
Kamarina was suffering a plague. A of the city was the suspected source. The town oracle advised them not to drain the , but in 405 B.C., the leaders ignored the advice. Once the was dry, there was nothing to stop the Carthaginian army. They marched across the newly drained , razed the city, and killed every last inhabitant.GI76938. Bronze tetras, 200; III pp. 63 - 65, 33; p. 40; 40; 415; 1228; 169; 548, gVF, nice green , , 3.242 g, maximum 14.5 mm, 90o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, 413 - 405 B.C.; of left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with wing, dot ; KAMA (downward on right), owl standing left on left leg, facing, lizard in right talon, three pellets (mark of value) in ; $400.00 (€356.00)
Gela, , 420 - 405 B.C.
Gela, named after the river Gela, was founded by from Rhodos and around 688 B.C. In 424 B.C., the Congress of Gela established a "Sicily for the Sicilians" platform and formed a league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island. The city had a history of internal strife between its plebs and aristocrats. When the Carthaginians arrived in 311 BC, they easily captured the Gela with the of its elites. In 282 B.C., Phintias of Agrigento ruthlessly destroyed Gela to crush its power forever. In Roman times it was only a small settlement.SH76948. Bronze tetras, III p. 17, 32/1; 516; 115; 283; 314; , p. 73, 66; 379 (S), gVF, on a broad , nice green , light marks and corrosion, 3.408 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 90o, Gela mint, 420 - 405 B.C.; bull standing left, lowered and turned slightly facing, barley kernel over ΓEΛAΣ above, three pellets in ; horned of beardless young river-god Gela right, no diadem, floating hair, barley kernel behind; ; $320.00 (€284.80)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or
The mint, the who struck this , and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The has previously been attributed to and the portrait identified as (Friedlander) or (Grant). David notes the has never been found in . Finds point to or Anatolia. It is possible that the was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of .RB71004. Bronze AE 27, 5409; 957 ( ); 29 ( ), F, green , 17.823 g, maximum 26.6 mm, 180o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, right; (spear), sella quaestoria (quaestor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (for ) below; previously a but recent finds have made it somewhat easier to acquire; $300.00 (€267.00)
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