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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Holyland Crusaders||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of the Holyland Crusaders

Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Bohemond III, 1163 - 1201

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Cover Coin - book cover coin for Malloy, Preston and Seltman's Coins of the Crusader States.

From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years. Ex A.J. |Seltman| Collection.

crusader book
SH45453. Billon denier, Malloy Crusaders 53b (book cover coin), Choice EF, weight 0.994 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 135o, obverse + BOAMVNDVS, elongated bearded head right wearing helmet and chain-mail, crescent left, star right, A ornamented with pellets; reverse + AMTIOCNIA (sic), cross pattée, crescent in upper right angle, A's ornamented with pellets; buyer will receive a free copy of Coins of the Crusader States signed by Alex Malloy; scarce; SOLD


Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, John II, 1432 - 1458

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From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States. Ex Sotheby's auction 10-14-99. Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land where he collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.
CR31991. Billon gros, Malloy Crusaders, type 10, 136 var. (no depression at center, legend ends PR), aEF, weight 3.885 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 225o, obverse + IOAn REX D, king seated on curule chair, foreparts of lions at sides, cloak open, cruciform scepter in right, orb in left, cauldron left, triple pellet after X, double pellet after D; reverse + IERUSAIm E D ChIPRE, Jerusalem cross, small depression at center, triple pellet legend breaks; SOLD


Crusaders, County of Edessa, Baldwin II, Regent 1119 - 1126

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From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States. Ex Sotheby's auction 10-14-99. Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land where he collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.

In 1098 the unpopular and childless ruler of Edessa, Toros, invited the aid of the crusader Baldwin de Boulogne, adopted him as his son and appointed him co-regent. A month later, Toros was dethroned and executed. Edessa was the first state created by the crusaders, on 10 March 1098, and was also the first to fall. On 3 November 1146, Edessa was conquered by Nur-ad-Din Mahmud.
SH31974. Bronze AE 15, Malloy Crusaders 15c; Pesant, Num. Circ. (1982), 2, aVF, weight 1.641 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 270o, obverse + BA/Γ∆ OY/INXO/MI (Baldwin, count), legend in four lines; reverse + STAV9IC NIXACI (By the Cross may you conquer), cross pattée, pellet at the end of each arm except the bottom bifurcated arm; extremely rare; SOLD


Crusaders, County of Edessa, Baldwin II, Regent 1119 - 1126

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From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States. Ex Sotheby's auction 10-14-99. Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land where he collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.

In 1098 the unpopular and childless ruler of Edessa, Toros, invited the aid of the crusader Baldwin de Boulogne, adopted him as his son and appointed him co-regent. A month later, Toros was dethroned and executed. Edessa was the first state created by the crusaders, on 10 March 1098, and was also the first to fall. On 3 November 1146, Edessa was conquered by Nur-ad-Din Mahmud.
SH31975. Bronze AE 15, Malloy Crusaders 15c; Pesant, Num. Circ. (1982), 2, aVF, weight 1.275 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, obverse + BA/Γ∆ OY/INXO/MI (Baldwin, count), legend in four lines; reverse +STAV9IC NIXACI (By the Cross may you conquer), cross pattée, pellet at the end of each arm except the bottom bifurcated arm; extremely rare; SOLD


Crusaders, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Baldwin III, 1143 - 1163

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This is the plate coin in Malloy, Preston and Seltman's Coins of the Crusader States.

From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex CNA IV mail bid sale, lot 400816, 21 Sep 1988.
SH32094. Gold cut fragment, Malloy Crusaders 59 and pl. 1, 59 (this coin), VF, weight 0.623 g, maximum diameter 10.7 mm, obverse LE + C, six-pointed star pattern; reverse V : S, multifoil; SOLD


Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Raymond Roupen or Later, Anonymous Gate Series, 1216 - 1268

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From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States.

Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land where he collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.

Antioch existed for over 1500 years, was one of the three most important cities in the ancient world, and in the 1st century had a population of about 500,000 (not counting women and slaves). On 18 May 1268, Antioch surrendered to Baibars on the condition that the lives of the citizens would be spared. As soon as his troops were within the gates, Baibars ordered the gates shut and brutally massacred everyone in the city. Lamenting that Antioch's ruler had not been present either for the siege or the ransacking and murder, Baibars wrote a detailed letter describing exactly what had been done, concluding with the phrase, "Had you been there, you would have wished you had never been born."

SH32272. Bronze AE 18, Malloy Crusaders -, Metcalf Crusades -; See Malloy Crusaders p. 196 ff. for discussion of the Anonymous Gate Series, F, weight 1.557 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, obverse gate containing pellets, four horizontal bars and four vertical bars; reverse six spoked wheel wending in center with each spoke ending in the center with an annulet; unique!; SOLD


Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Late Anonymous, 1250 - 1268

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From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States. See Malloy Crusaders p. 197 for a discussion of the late anonymous series.

Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land where he collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.

Antioch existed for over 1500 years, was one of the three most important cities in the ancient world, and in the 1st century had a population of about 500,000 (not counting women and slaves). On 18 May 1268, Antioch surrendered to Baibars on the condition that the lives of the citizens would be spared. As soon as his troops were within the gates, Baibars ordered the gates shut and brutally massacred everyone in the city. Lamenting that Antioch's ruler had not been present either for the siege or the ransacking and murder, Baibars wrote a detailed letter describing exactly what had been done, concluding with the phrase, "Had you been there, you would have wished you had never been born."

FORVM has three examples of this type from the Malloy Collection. This particular coin is a unique variant. The other two examples have a small T above H, missing on this coin. No other examples are known and the type is otherwise unknown to modern numismatics. Historically of great importance, these coins were minted in the last throngs of the city of Antioch as it was dying.

SH32084. Bronze pougeoise, unpublished and historically important, unique variant of type with only three known, Malloy Crusaders -, Metcalf Crusades -, aVF, weight 0.774 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 45o, obverse hexagram, AN (Antioch) monogram in center; reverse hexagram, ΠP monogram in center (uncertain meaning, perhaps the moneyers name or the ruling Crusaders at this time but interestingly in Greek not Latin); of great rarity; SOLD


Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Late Anonymous, 1250 - 1268

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From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States. See Malloy Crusaders p. 197 for a discussion of the late anonymous series.

Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land and collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.

Antioch existed for over 1500 years, it was one of the three most important cities in the ancient world, and in the 1st century had a population of 500,000 (not counting women and slaves). On 18 May 1268, Antioch surrendered to Baibars on the condition that the lives of the citizens would be spared. As soon as his troops were within the gates, Baibars ordered the gates shut and brutally massacred everyone in the city. Lamenting that Antioch's ruler had not been present either for the siege or the ransacking and murder, Baibars wrote a detailed letter describing exactly what had been done, concluding with the phrase, "Had you been there, you would have wished you had never been born."

Historically of great importance, this coin was minted in the last throngs of the city of Antioch as it was dying.

SH31532. Bronze AE 15, Malloy Crusaders 132 var.; Seltman, NC 1966, p. 61, 2 var., F, weight 0.316 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, obverse A/N-T/I counterclockwise in the angles of a long cross pattée; reverse blundered ANTI in the angles of a long cross pattée; unpublished variety of an extremely rare type; SOLD


Crusaders, Kingdom of Jerusalem (Acre), 1268 - 1291

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From the collection of Alex G. Malloy. Ex Paul Balog Collection. Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land and collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.

On October 2, 1187, Jerusalem was surrendered to Saladin. the Sultan agreed to a ransom of ten bezants for men, five for women, and one for children. Those who could not pay were to be sold into slavery. Henry II of England's treasury in Jerusalem, established for his use in a pilgrimage or crusade which never came to pass, was used to purchase the freedom of many of the poor but at least 3000 inhabitants were enslaved. The ransomed marched away in three columns. Some went first to Tripoli, where they were denied entrance and were robbed. Many went to Antioch, Cilicia, and Byzantium. Others went to Egypt, and were permitted to board ships heading for Europe.

For the next 100 years the Kingdom of Jerusalem, its capital now at Acre, clung to life controlling most of the coastline of present day Israel and southern and central Lebanon, including Ascalon, Jaffa, Arsuf, Caesarea, Tyre, Sidon, Beirut, some interior fortresses, and suzerainty over Tripoli and Antioch.

In 1291, Acre, the last major Crusader stronghold, was taken by Sultan Al-Ashraf Khalil. He was far less merciful than Saladin 100 years before; much of the Frankish population was massacred or sold into slavery, such that Khalil could proclaim, "A pearly white Frankish woman couldn't sell in the bazaar for a penny!"

After Acre fell, the Crusaders moved north to cities such as Tortosa, but these fell too and they were forced offshore to Cyprus. With the loss of the island of Arwad in 1303, the Kingdom of Jerusalem ceased to exist on the mainland.

This coin was struck for the Kingdom of Jerusalem, probably at Acre, c. 1268 to 1291, long after the city of Jerusalem had been lost.

SH32085. Bronze AE 19, cf. Malloy Crusaders p. 83, 55; hybrid imitation with combined Latin and Arabic characteristics, VF, weight 1.310 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, obverse hexagram (imitating Ayyubids of Aleppo), blundered illiterate imitation of Arabic script; reverse + blundered illiterate Latin? legend, cross moline, small St. Andrew's cross in each quarter, within circle of large dots; uneven strike but among the finest of the few known; of great rarity; SOLD


Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tripoli, Sidon or Uncertain Syria, Late Anonymous, 1250 - 1268

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From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States. See Malloy Crusaders p. 197 for a discussion of the late anonymous series.

Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land where he collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.

Antioch existed for over 1500 years, was one of the three most important cities in the ancient world, and in the 1st century had a population of about 500,000 (not counting women and slaves). On 18 May 1268, Antioch surrendered to Baibars on the condition that the lives of the citizens would be spared. As soon as his troops were within the gates, Baibars ordered the gates shut and brutally massacred everyone in the city. Lamenting that Antioch's ruler had not been present either for the siege or the ransacking and murder, Baibars wrote a detailed letter describing exactly what had been done, concluding with the phrase, "Had you been there, you would have wished you had never been born."

Unique and historically important, this coin was minted in the last throngs of the city of Antioch as it was dying.

SH32275. Bronze pougeoise, Unpublished and unique!, see Malloy Crusaders p. 176 for similar six-rayed chrismon pommeté types, aF, weight 1.185 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, obverse six-rayed chrismon pommeté, pellet between each ray, obscure (probably blundered) Latin inscription; reverse five-rayed chrismon pommeté (expected type is a cross pommeté), pellet between each ray, obscure (probably blundered) Latin inscription; unique!; SOLD




  




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Holyland Crusaders