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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Holyland CrusadersView Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of the Holyland Crusaders

Crusaders, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Guy De Lusignan, 1186 - 1190 A.D. Or Kingdom of Cyprus, 1192 - 1194 A.D.

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Guy of Lusignan, a French Poitevin knight, son of Hugh VIII of the Lusignan dynasty, was king of the crusader state of Jerusalem from 1186 to 1192 by right of marriage to Sibylla of Jerusalem, and of Cyprus from 1192 to 1194. As the health of his brother-in-law, Baldwin IV, deteriorated, Guy was appointed regent for his stepson by Sibylla, Baldwin V. Baldwin IV died in 1185, followed shortly by Baldwin V in 1186, leading to the succession of Sibylla and Guy to the throne. Guy's reign was marked by increased hostilities with the Ayyubids ruled by Saladin, culminating in the Battle of Hattin in July 1187, during which Guy was captured, and the fall of Jerusalem itself three months later. Following a year of imprisonment in Damascus, Guy was released by Saladin. After being denied entry to Tyre, one of the last crusader strongholds, by Conrad of Montferrat, Guy besieged Acre in 1189. The siege, during which Guy's wife died, developed into a rallying point for the Third Crusade, led by Philip II of France and Richard I of England. Guy entered a bitter row with Conrad over the kingship of Jerusalem; despite Richard's support for the widower king, Conrad married Sibylla's half-sister Isabella and was elected king by the nobility of the kingdom. Conrad was assassinated by the days after the election; Richard's and Guy's involvement in the incident is suspected, but unproven. Nevertheless, Guy was compensated for the dispossession of his crown by being given lordship of Cyprus in 1192, which Richard had taken from the Byzantine Empire en route to the Levant. Guy ruled the Kingdom of Cyprus until his death in 1194, when he was succeeded by his brother Amalric. Metcalf attributes this coin to Guy's rule in Cyprus.
CR91205. Billon fractional dinar, Malloy Crusaders 32b, Schlumberger III 25, Saulcy IX 4-5, Metcalf 628 (Metcalf dates this type to Guy's rule in Cyprus, c. 1192 - 1194), F, earthen deposits, areas of light corrosion, weight 1.425 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem or Cyprus mint, 1186 - 1194; obverse + REX GVIDO D, bust facing, wearing crown with trefoils, pellet left and right; reverse + E IERVSALEm, Church of the Holy Sepulchre with dome; $260.00 (€228.80)
 


Anglo-Gallic, Richard I the Lionhearted, Count of Poitou and King of England 1189 - 1199

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After one particularly memorable feast, which put Richard in great good humor, he impulsively knighted his cook, making him "lord of the fief of the kitchen of the counts of Poitou." Arise, Sir Cook! -- https://www.historyextra.com/period/medieval/8-things-you-probably-didnt-know-about-richard-the-lionheart/
ME87771. Silver denier, Elias 8b (S), Duplessy Feodales 926, Poey d'Avant 2536, SCBC-SII 8008 var. (no annulet), VF, toned, tiny edge split, weight 1.019 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 165o, Melle (Deux-Sèvres) mint, 1189 - 1199; obverse + RICARDVS REX (King Richard), cross pattée within inner dot border, annulet in third (lower left) quarter; reverse PIC/TAVIE/NSIS ([County of] Poitou) in three lines across field; scarce; $125.00 (€110.00)
 


Anglo-Gallic, Richard I the Lionhearted, Count of Poitou and King of England 1189 - 1199

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The only coins of Richard struck in his own name are those of his French possessions; English issues attributed to Richard are all in the name and types of his father, Henry II. Richard I is known as Richard Coeur de Lion or Richard the Lionhearted for his bravery in battle. He was born and spent his childhood in England. By the age of 16, Richard had command of his own army and put down rebellions against his father in Poitou. As king, he was off on Crusade, in captivity, or defending his lands in France, spending as little as 6 months of his 10-year reign in England. He spoke French and Occitan, but never learned English. Rather than regarding his kingdom as a responsibility requiring his presence as ruler, it seems he saw it primarily as a source of revenue to support his armies. As the leader of the Third Crusade after the departure of Philip II of France, he won considerable victories against Saladin, but did not retake Jerusalem. He was seen as a pious hero by his subjects and is one of the few kings of England remembered by his epithet, rather than regnal number, and is an enduring iconic figure both in England and in France. The legendary Robin Hood lived in Sherwood Forest during Richard's reign.
ME87778. Silver denier, Elias 8, Duplessy Feodales 920, Poey d'Avant 2506, SCBC-SII 8008, VF, toned, uneven strike with weak areas, weight 1.161 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 315o, Melle (Deux-Sèvres) mint, 1189 - 1199; obverse + RICARDVS REX (King Richard), cross pattée within inner dot border; reverse PIC/TAVIE/NSIS ([County of] Poitou) in three lines across field; $125.00 (€110.00)
 


Crusaders, County of Tripoli, Bohemond V, 1233 - 1251

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Bohemond V was Prince of Antioch and Count of Tripoli from 1233 to his death in January 1252. Bohemond V was the son of Bohemund IV of Antioch and Plaisance of Gibelet. Like his father before him, Bohemond had a notorious dislike for the Knights Hospitaller and the neighboring Kingdom of Armenia, preferring an alliance with the Knights Templar. Peace with Armenia was assured only shortly before his death, with the mediation of Louis IX of France.
CR89571. Billon denier, Sabine type 5, 75 - 127; Malloy Crusaders 19; Metcalf 547 - 550; Schlumberger IV 17, F, uneven strike, tight flan, encrustations, weight 0.681 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 90o, Tripoli mint, 1233 - 1251; obverse + BAMVND' COMS, cross pattée, three pellets in upper right quarter; reverse + CIVITAS TRIPOL, eight pointed star, annulets (pellets in crescents) between the rays; ex Forum (2010), ex Alex G. Malloy Collection, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States; scarce; $90.00 (€79.20)
 







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Catalog current as of Monday, July 15, 2019.
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Holyland Crusaders