Roman Republic, Lead Glandes Sling-Bullet, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
According to the report of Vegatius, Republican slingers had an accurate range of up to six hundred feet. The best ammunition was cast from lead. For a given mass, lead, being very dense, offered the minimum size and therefore minimum air resistance. Also, lead sling-bullets were small and difficult to see in flight. In some cases, the lead would be cast in a simple open mold made by pushing a finger, thumb, or sharpened stick into sand and pouring molten metal into the hole. The flat top end could later be carved to a matching shape. More frequently, they were cast in two-part molds. Sling-bullets were made in a variety of shapes including an ellipsoidal form closely resembling an acorn; possibly the origin of the Latin word for lead sling-bullet: glandes plumbeae (literally leaden acorns) or simply glandes (meaning acorns, singular glans). The most common shape by far was , resembling the shape of an almond or an American football. Why the almond shape was favored is unknown. Possibly there was some aerodynamic advantage, but it seems equally likely that there was a more prosaic reason, such as the shape being easy to extract from a mold, or that it will rest in a cradle with little danger of rolling out. Almond-shaped lead sling-bullets were typically about 35 millimeters (1.4 in) long and about 20 millimeters (0.8 in) wide. Sometimes or writings were molded on the side. A thunderbolt, a snake, a scorpion, or others indicating how it might strike without warning were popular. might include the name of the military unit or commander, or was sometimes more imaginative, such as, "Take this," "Ouch," "Catch," or even "For Pompey's backside."AW66458. Lead glandes sling-bullet; cf. Petrie XLIV 15-23; roughly , c. 40 - 90 grams, c. 3 - 5 cm long, one sling-bullet randomly selected from the same group as those in the photo, ONE BULLET, BARGAIN PRICED!; $24.00 (€21.36)
Roman, Syro-Palestinian (?), , Late 2nd - Early 4th Century A.D.
originated in the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire in the second half of the second century and its popularity peaked in the first half of the third century. decoration was revived in the second half of the fourth century in the east and in the near in modern Germany. Serpentine form trails may vary in thickness, may be the same color as the vessel (usually ) or brightly colored (common in the ). 309, with similar subtle , is attributed to , 3rd to early 4th century A.D.AG63814. Snake , cf. 309 (for similar ), 12.4 mm (4 7/8"), and , funnel mouth with rolled rim, cylindrical neck, bulbous body, on the body, flat bottom; from a Florida dealer; $1200.00 (€1068.00)
Roman Bronze Vessel , Ornamented With and a , c. 1st Century A.D.
The was the companion of . The grapevine and its wild barren alter-ego, the toxic ivy , were both sacred to him. This was once attached to vessel used for serving or drinking wine.AI30971. height 8.0 cm (3"), excellent condition with a nice green , bronze vessel ornamented with a facing young of wearing an ivy in his long flowing hair, skin tied at neck, the curving ends with a ; $675.00 (€600.75)
Roman, Bronze Repousse Plaque with Holding a Bow, Sqaumata Armor Plate(?), c. 1st - 3rd Century B.C.
Likely used in some legionary application; perhaps as a legionary armor plate segment. AA59779. Roman, bronze repousse, 1.75 x 1.75 inches, c. 1st - 3rd century A.D.; sheet bronze hammered from behind in repousse technique to raise the figure of a holding a bow, remains of two rivet holes where it was attached, tear on body, and interesting; from a New Jersey collection; $650.00 (€578.50)
Roman, Syro-Palestinian, Jug, c. 3rd A.D.
This form is missing from the major references but we know of other examples from the market.AG63811. jug, 10.5 mm (4 1/8"), , tiny chip in (visible in photo), possibly a small rim repair or just flaked , thick yellowish brown enamel-like , free-blow, yellow-green , body, tubular neck, slight funnel mouth, washer-like constriction at the base of neck, attached below rim and below neck, with ; from a Florida dealer; $580.00 (€516.20)
Roman, Bronze , c. 1st - 3rd Century A.D.
A was a plate used by Roman priests to make sacrificial offerings to the Gods. Paterae were thin and most often have been lost to corrosion leaving only the remaining.AL59776. Roman, bronze , c. 1st - 3rd century A.D., 5.6", heavy fluted terminating in a collar from which a ram's with curled horns emerges; from a New Jersey collection; ; $560.00 (€498.40)
Roman, Syro-Palestinian, with , c. 3rd - 5th Century A.D.
Hayes' catalog references many similar specimens, noting some are from Beirut. Our example is finer than most examples of similar form, many of which appear to be carelessly made. Hayes' dates the 5th century or later. Perhaps the finer form indicates ours is earlier.AG63806. , cf. 461, , , much ; 16.5 cm, spindle-shaped long tubular body, upper half is a neck narrowing slightly to folded and , small shoulder at center, lower half is a narrow tubular body narrowing to a rounded point; from a Florida dealer; $530.00 (€471.70)
Roman, Eastern Mediterranean, , c. 3rd Century A.D.
AG63812. , cf. 150; 8.3 cm (3 1/4") tall, , crack down from rim, toes chipped (will not stand), , pale green , with below, long neck narrowing slightly to bulbous body, of , stand not included; from a Florida dealer; $360.00 (€320.40)
Roman , Ware , 2nd Century A.D.
From the collection of , former dealer in antiquities for 40 years.
is French for a ceramic slip, a mixture of clay and water used for decorating . In English the term is used for two different techniques but here we are only concerned with the technique used in the ancient world. is piped onto the object much like cakes are decorated with icing, using a quill, horn, or another kind of nozzle. The slip is often a color contrasting with rest of the vessel and forms a design, a pattern, or , that is raised above the main surface. The Egyptians used decorative designs. Specimens have also been found at Minoan Knossos on the island of .
This example was found near Corinth. The is certainly related to the Egyptian ware but it may have been made in mainland .
AE36060. ware , Athenian -, ROM -; 5 ½ inches high, Collectible condition, buff clay, ovoid body, wide tubular neck, strap handles, horizontal bands on neck, Barbatine rows of leaf shaped decorations on body; , one section of rim, a small shoulder and of one ; ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Lot of 25 Roman Republic, Lead Glandes Sling-Bullets, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
LT85399. Lot of 25 Roman Republic, lead glandes sling-bullets, 2nd - 1st century B.C., no tags or flips, actual coins in the photographs, , , only $10 each; $250.00 (€222.50)
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