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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ TomisView Options:  |  |  | 

Tomis, Moesia Inferior

Tomis (Constanta, Romania today) was a Greek colony founded on the Black Sea shore around 600 B.C. for trade with the local Getic populations. In 29 B.C. the Romans captured the region, which they called Limes Scythicus, from the Odryses. The Roman poet Ovid was banished by Augustus to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire." The city was later in the Province of Moesia, and, from the time of Diocletian, it was the metropolis of Scythia Minor. During Maurice's Balkan campaigns, in the winter of 597/598, Tomis was besieged by the Avars. Tomis was within the Bulgarian Empire for over 500 years, later in the independent principality of Dobrotitsa/Dobrotici, in Wallachia under Mircea I of Wallachia, and under Ottoman rule from around 1419. Tomis was renamed "Kwnstantia" ("Constantia") in honor of Constantia, the half-sister of Constantine the Great sometime before 950.

Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C., Lysimachos Type

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Mithradates VI Eupator "the Great" expanded his Pontic Kingdom through conquest, which inevitably brought him into conflict with Rome. He regarded himself as the champion of the Greeks against Rome, however, after three years of war, he was defeated by Pompey the Great. The design of this coin is taken from a coin of Lysimachos, bodyguard of Alexander the Great, and King of Thrace, 323 - 281 B.C. The Lysimachos coin depicted Alexander the Great on the obverse. The features of the portrait on this type are those of Mithradates VI.
SH85133. Gold stater, De Callataÿ p. 141 (D1/R1), SNG Cop 1090 (Thrace), VF, die wear, weight 8.395 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Moesia Inferior, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, First Mithradatic War, 88 - 86 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great (with the features of Mithradates VI), wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, Nike in right hand, resting left arm on round shield behind, monogram and V above knee, TO on throne, trident in exergue; ex CNG e-auction 92 (23 Jun 2004), lot 27; $1200.00 (€1068.00)

La Collection M. C. Sutzu (Bibliotheque de l' Academie Roumaine, Bucarest), I. Istros, Kallatis, Tomis

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Mihail Constantin Sutzu's coin collection, containing 2,500 ancient Roman and Greek coins, was held in the library of the Romanian Academy. The book illustrates all the West-Pontic coins and countermarks from the collection including 49 coins of Istros, 62 coins of Kallatis and 611 coins of Tomis.
BK10067. La Collection M. C. Sutzu (Bibliotheque de l' Academie Roumaine, Bucarest), I. Istros, Kallatis, Tomis by Emanuel Petac, Collection Moneta 43, 2005, 120 pages, 24 plates, paperback; $80.00 (€71.20)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior

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This is the only example of this type known to Forum. A similar larger, Antoninus Pius Tyche-Fortuna type from Tomis is published but has a bare-head and a longer reverse legend.
RP63000. Bronze assarion, apparently unpublished, Varbanov I -, AMNG I/II -, SNG BM -, SNG Stancomb -, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, Moushmov -, SGICV -, aVF, over-cleaned or perhaps a river find, slightly off-center on a tight flan cutting off parts of legends, weight 3.686 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, Aug 138 - 7 Mar 161 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI ADRI ANTWNINOC, laureate head right; reverse TOMHΩN MHTPOΠ, Tyche-Fortuna standing slightly left, head left, rudder held by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; possibly unique; SOLD



Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
de Callataÿ, F. L'histoire des guerres Mithridatiques vue par les monnaies. (Louvain-La-Neuve, 1997).
Mionnet, T. E. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines. (Paris, 1807-1837).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Pick, B. and K. Regling. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Möesien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/II. (Berlin, 1910).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersonesos, Sarmatien, Dacia, Moesia superior, Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Varbanov, Ivan. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, (English Edition), Volume I: Dacia, Moesia Superior & Moesia Inferior. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Sunday, June 25, 2017.
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