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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Viminacium||View Options:  |  |  |   

Viminacium, Moesia Superior (Stari Kostolac, Serbia)

Viminacium, a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. and the capital of the Roman province of Moesia Superior, was located about 20 km to the east of modern Kostolac, Serbia. Colonial coins are known of the emperors from Gordian III, dated AN I, Anno Primo, (year 1, autumn 239 - autumn 240 A.D.) to Valerian and Gallienus, dated AN XVI, Anno Sexto Decimo, (year 16, autumn 254 - autumn 255 A.D.). The usual reverse legend on the colonial coinage is P. M. S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual reverse type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull, and sometimes holding standards inscribed VII and IIII. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII Claudia and IV Flavia Felix, which were quartered in the province. The rebel Pacatian opened his mint at Viminacium in 248. Valerian opened an imperial mint at Viminacium. The city was destroyed in 440 by the Huns, rebuilt by Justinian I, and destroyed again by the Avars in 584.


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

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Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
SH63944. Bronze AE 29, H-J Viminacium 12 (R2); AMNG I/I 83; BMC Thrace p. 16, 12; SNG Cop 144; Varbanov I -, Nice VF, beautiful fern green patina, weight 17.726 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 0o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 242 - 243 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN IIII (year 4 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; SOLD


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

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Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP86490. Orichalcum provincial sestertius, H-J Viminacium 29 (R2); Martin 2.14, AMNG I/I 103, Varbanov I 135; BMC Thrace p. 17, 21, Choice aEF, well centered, attractive patina, minor bumps and marks, spots of slight corrosion, weight 19.205 g, maximum diameter 31.1 mm, die axis 15o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 245 - 246 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN VI (year 6 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; SOLD


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

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Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP56254. Bronze provincial sestertius, H-J Viminacium 24 (R2); Varbanov I 132 (R2); BMC Thrace p. 16, 18; AMNG I/1 100; Moushmov 36, Choice gVF, beautiful green patina, excellent centering and strike, excellent portrait, light marks, weight 16.669 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 45o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 244 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN V (year 5 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; SOLD


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

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Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP65168. Bronze AE 30, H-J Viminacium 32 (R2); Varbanov I 138 (R3); AMNG I/I 105; BMC Thrace p. 17, 25, VF, weight 16.417 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 247 - 248 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN VIIII (year 9 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; SOLD


Hostilian, Summer - November 251 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

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Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP29248. Bronze AE 26, Varbanov I 193 (R4), H-J Viminacium 68 (R3), gF, weight 8.726 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, as caesar, mid 250 - Nov 251 A.D.; obverse C VAL HOST M QVINTVS C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN XII (year 12 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; SOLD


Volusian, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

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Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP29253. Bronze AE 27, RPC Online IX 69 (21 spec.), BnF Gallica 441, AMNG I/II 175, SNG München 219, SNG Righetti 209, SNG Budapest 567, McClean 4347, H-J Viminacium -, aVF, weight 12.659 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, autumn 251 - autumn 252 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN XIII (year 13 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; unusual bust for the period; scarce; SOLD


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

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Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP40095. Bronze provincial sestertius, H-J Viminacium 30 (R1); Varbanov I 136; BMC Thrace p. 17, 23, gVF, weight 19.062 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 45o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 246 - 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN VII (year 7 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; SOLD


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

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Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP68969. Bronze AE 18, H-J Viminacium 3 (R2) var.; Varbanov I 103 (R3) var.; AMNG I/I 72 var.; BMC Thrace p. 15, 2 var. (animal positions reversed from normal), F, weight 3.863 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 45o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over lion on left standing right and bull on right standing left, AN•I• in exergue; very rare variant; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

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Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP29249. Bronze AE 26, H-J Viminacium 53 (R3); Varbanov I 166, AMNG I/I 128; BMC Thrace -, aVF, weight 10.556 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 0o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN XII (year 12 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; SOLD


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

Click for a larger photo
Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP50512. Bronze AE 28, H-J Viminacium 47; Varbanov I 164; AMNG I/I 125; BMC Thrace p. 17, 29, F, weight 14.464 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 180o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 249 - 250 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN XI (year 11 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

BnF Gallica: the digital library of the Bibliothèque nationale de France - http://gallica.bnf.fr
Boric-Brescovic, B. Coins of the Colony of Viminacium. (Belgrade, 1976).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Grose, S. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fitzwilliam Museum, Vol. II: The Greek| mainland, the Aegean| islands, Crete|. (|Cambridge, 1926).
Hristova, N. & G. Jekov. The Local Coinage of the Roman Empire - Moesia Superior, Viminacium. (Blagoevgrad, 2004).
Martin, F. Kolonial Prägungen aus Moesia Superior und Dacia. (Budapest-Bonn, 1992).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Pick, B. & K. Regling. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Möesien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1910).
Poole, R. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Roman Provincial Coinage Online Vol. IX - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain - Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Hungary, Budapest, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum, II: Dacia - Moesia Superior. (Milan, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II, Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Slovenia, Ljubljana. Narodni muzej III: Moesia Superior. Collection Kecskés. Part 1: Viminacium. (1996).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, (English Edition), Volume I: Dacia, Moesia Superior & Moesia Inferior. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Thursday, October 17, 2019.
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Viminacium