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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Heros ▸ HerculesView Options:  |  |  |   

Hercules (Herakles)

Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

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Struck in the name of King Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by Olympias to ensure the succession of her grandson.
GB56568. Bronze AE 17, apparently unpublished, cf. SNG ANS 972 ff. (caduceus below vice star, attributed to Philip II), SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, F, weight 5.418 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, Macedonian mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, rider on horse prancing to right, right arm raised, cruciform star below horses forelegs; extremely rare; $27.50 (€24.48)


Selge, Pisidia, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Köprücay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths.
GB62874. Bronze AE 14, BMC Pisidia p. 261, 43; SNG BnF 1963 ff.; SNGvA 5287; SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 3.202 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Selge mint, obverse bearded head of Herakles facing slightly right, wreathed in styrax, Nemean Lion skin tied around neck, club in right over shoulder; reverse ΣE−Λ/K, stag laying right, head left; $23.49 (€20.91) ON RESERVE


Seleukid Kingdom, Alexander I Balas, 150 - 145 B.C.

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Alexander Balas, of humble origin, claimed to be Antiochus IV's son and heir to the Seleukid throne. Rome and Egypt accepted his claims. He married Cleopatra Thea, daughter of King Ptolemy Philometor of Egypt. With his father-in-law's help he defeated Demetrius Soter and became the Seleukid king. After he abandoned himself to debauchery, his father-in-law shifted his support to Demetrius II, the son of Demetrius Soter. Balas was defeated and fled to Nabataea where he was murdered.
GB69850. Bronze AE 19, Houghton-Lorber II 1795(3)a; SNG Spaer 1457; BMC Seleucid p. 55, 49; HGC 9 901 (R1-2), gF, green patina, obverse off center low, porous, light earthen encrustations, weight 6.318 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 150 - 146 B.C.; obverse head of Alexander the Great as Herakles right wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Apollo standing left, examining arrow in right hand, resting left hand on bow grounded behind, trident outer left, nothing inner left, ΠA monogram in exergue, bevelled edge; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $17.06 (€15.18) ON RESERVE




  



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REFERENCES

Stoll, R. Herakles auf römischen Münzen. (Trier, 1999).
Voegtli, H. Bilder der Heldenepen in der kaiserzeitlichen griechischen Munzprägung. (Aesch, 1977).

Catalog current as of Thursday, May 26, 2016.
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Hercules