, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
This is the rarest and one of the rarest 1st century Roman . Only two museums, and ANS, hold examples. A further specimen was found in archeological context in Denmark in 1990s. Besides these, four additional specimens are known. This coin has the best portrait and is clearly the most attractive of the seven known. Jyrki Muona obtained it in 2002 at the NYINC from Glenn .
minted three separate issues. The first and second issues followed Galba's of 90% silver. Otho's third issue was debased to 80% silver. All coins of the third issue share the , perhaps to make it easy to distinguish the debased coins. One might think our coin is a error for Otho's third issue, . However, as have shown, this is not the case. If was a simple error, the would be 80% silver. This was struck in a second issue of 90% silver flans, probably during planning for the third issue, and perhaps only for testing. The was apparently not distributed, and was withdrawn, and melted when it was decided to debase the coinage and use the . It appears a small number were released, most likely by mistake.
RS85563. Silver , 10b; 6; 1958.217.1; 1; 1 (R3, 7 spec. known, all minted with the same die-pair), Nice VF, the best portrait and most attractive of the seven known specimens, light rose , a few light marks and spots of , 3.272 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, mint, 9 Mar - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; IMP AVG TRP, right; , standing left, grain-ears raised in right hand, in left hand; rarest ; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Glenn (NYINC, 2002); $5000.00 (€4450.00)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., ,
Nomos described this coin as, "An extraordinary piece, especially with remains of its original silver plating. Some marks from cleaning, otherwise, about ."
SH85458. , okatassarion or ; 784; 1721 (R8); I, p. 419, 358 (R6); 5428 (all same dies), aEF, cleaning marks, areas of light corrosion, 38.718 g, maximum 40.8 mm, 15o, mint, 218 - 222 A.D.; AYT K M AYPΛ ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate, draped, and three-quarter length of left; MHTPOΠOΛEΩC ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEΩC NEΩ KOPOY, youthful Herakles standing left, nude but for lion's skin draped around his left forearm, resting his right hand on the of a club set on the ground and holding an in his left hand; ex Nomos AG, auction 10 (18 May 2015), lot 115 (realized approximately $4686 including buyers fee); extremely ; $3400.00 (€3026.00)
Athens, , Old , c. 454 - 404 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile, and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the , a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.
SL85595. Silver , 31, 49, 8, 1611, 519, 1597, 1611, 2526, NGC MS, strike 5/5, surface 3/5 (4377469-089), , bold strike, some light marks, 17.18 g, maximum 24 mm, 270o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; NGC certified (slabbed); ex Heritage Auction 231729, lot 63023; $2350.00 (€2091.50)
The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP , Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 36 - 37 A.D., Temple Tax for Two
Full - Tax for Two. At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 per male. The 1/2 and were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder and , but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for , Greek for .
SL85592. Silver ON RESERVE
, 919 (year 162, C); p. 249, 206; 4695; 1426 (6 spec.); 2109; AUB -, NGC AU (about Uncirculated), strike 4/5, surface 5/5 (1883026-004), 14.37 g, maximum 22 mm, 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 36 - 37 A.D.; laureate of right, lion's skin knotted around neck; TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), left, right foot on ship's ram, frond under wing, date PΞB (year 162) over club left, KP (καισαρ?) over right, Phoenician letter beth (control) between legs; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
As reported by B.V. in Chapter 5 of Excavations at : The Archaic Artemisia, a coin of this was one of five coins found in excavations underneath the foundations of the southern wall of the B cella of the Artemisia at . The other four coins were and paw types. wrote these coins must have been deposited during construction of the First Temple (A). 145 is the coin found at the Artemisia (= 79), now at the Arkeoloji Müzesi, Istanbul. The coins appear to be struck with the same die.SH84450. 1/24 , Milesian ; 145 - 146; p. 86 and pl. 2, 79; cf. 1781 (different ); 287 (same); 717 (same), gVF, centered, edge cracks, some die rust (also found on other examples of this ), 0.579 g, maximum 6.2 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; bridled and neck of Pegasos left, with top edge of wing visible; four raised squares in a pattern within square punch; very ; $1450.00 (€1290.50)
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Rough Irregular "Typeless"
Some sales catalogs describe similar coins as the striated . The roughly parallel lines on the striated appear to be impressed into the "obverse" by lines cut into the anvil. On this coin, it appears the rough irregular "typeless" surface is simply flattened rough pre-strike features from the raw irregular nugget-like "planchet." Based on the apparent wear on the punch, huge numbers of this may have been struck. Very few have survived. This is the first example handled by .SH77378. 1/24 , cf. 7768, 682, I 14 -15, -, -, VF, 0.647 g, maximum 5.7 mm, uncertain mint, 650 - 600 B.C.; flattened rough irregular "typeless" surface; roughly square pyramidal punch with striated sides, divided roughly in half by a raised irregular line, striated sides and the irregular line appear to be the result of wear; very ; $900.00 (€801.00)
, , , 404 - 370 B.C.
When ceased minting the federal coins it shared with other Thessalian towns and adopted its own coinage in the late fifth century B.C., it chose local types for its coins. The depicted the local fountain nymph , for whom the town was named, probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The depicted a horse in various poses.GS85151. Silver , 380.18 (same dies), group IV H23, 65.1(a) (this die), I 1144.2, Hoover 30, VF, , , areas of light etching, 6.075 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 270o, mint, 404 - 370 B.C.; of the nymph facing slightly right, wearing necklace, hair confined by and floating loosely; horse grazing right, legs straight, dotted , ΛAPI above; ex Art of Money (Portland, OR); $800.00 (€712.00)
Mesembria, , c. 275 - 225 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Mesembria, Nesebar Bulgaria today, was a Doric settlement on a Black Sea island just off mainland . was invaded by the Galatians in 279 B.C. Only the wealthy coastal cities, including Mesembria, withstood their attacks. Following that chaos, rule of was divided between many tribes. Philip V, 221 - 179 B.C., tried to regain control of the for the , but his success was limited and short lived. Mesembria was taken by Mithradates VI in the First Mithradatic War and surrendered to in 71 B.C. The city struck Alexandrine tetradrachms as early as 275 B.C., more than 50 years after Alexander's death, and probably issued the very last Alexandrine tetradrachms struck anywhere, possibly under Roman rule as late as 65 B.C.SH85286. Silver , p. 84 and pl. VII, 41 (O7/R18); 992; 436, gVF, attractive , light marks and scratches, 17.000 g, maximum 31.6 mm, 180o, Mesambria (Nesebar, Bulgaria) mint, c. 275 - 225 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, nude to waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, Corinthian helmet right over ΠA in inner left under arm; ex FORVM (2013); $700.00 (€623.00)
, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death, under either Perdikkas or Antipater, regents during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule. Both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, had Philip murdered to ensure the succession of her grandson. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander.SH85062. Silver , 113, 224, issue H3, 682, 275, 503, 986, VF, and struck, , light marks and scratches, 17.205 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 0o, , Amphipolis mint, c. 322 - 320 A.D.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, Macedonian helmet left; ex & Mosch auction 245, lot 1209; $600.00 (€534.00)
, , Italy, c. 275 - 250 B.C.
In angst at not seducing with her voice, the siren , threw herself into the sea and died. Her body washed up on the near . There she was not envisioned as one of the insidious monsters of Homer, but rather like a dead hero, she was enshrined and deified and her name was given to an early settlement on the site. held funerary torch-races to commemorate and her nearby tomb and sanctuary were among the local places of interest. The river god was her father.GS84679. Silver nomos, 440; 381; 100, 63; 483; 586; -, VF, , , on a , porous, 7.114 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 45o, mint, c. 275 - 250 B.C.; of siren left, wearing , triple-pendant earring, and necklace, EY behind neck; the river-god in the form of a , walking left, turned facing, flying left above, placing on river-god's , ΛOY below, NEOΠOΛITHΣ in ; $580.00 (€516.20)
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