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Meshorer-Qedar lists Athena on the obverse, but on the three specimens known to FORVM it is clear that Athena is on the reverse. The types copy contemporary Cypriot stater types from Kition (obverse) and Lapethus (reverse).GS95808. Silver obol, Meshorer-Qedar 102, cf. Sofaer Collection 63 (hemiobol), HGC 10 -, VF, well centered, toned, struck with worn dies (as are all specimens of this type known to FORVM), weight 0.65 g, maximum diameter 8 mm, die axis 10o, Samaria (10 km NW of Nablus, West Bank) mint, c. 375 - 333 B.C.; obverse lion right atop and attacking a stag fallen right, (Aramaic 'šn', abbreviating Samarian) above; reverse head of Athena facing, wearing crested Attic helmet; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 11 (22 Feb 2020), lot 1128; ex Canaan Collection; only three sale of this type recorded on Coin Archives for the last two decades (and one of the three is this coin); very rare; $450.00 (€414.00)
Massalia, Gaul, c. 475 - 460 B.C.
Massalia (Marseille) is the oldest city of modern France, and was founded around 600 BC by Greeks from the Asia Minor city of Phocaea.GA95211. Silver obol, Chevillon OBM-1 (fig. 29); Brenot Period 2, 1; Furtwängler Massalia, Em. VI, pl. III, 4; De La Tour 511; SNG Cop -, gVF, toned, nice metal, weight 0.889 g, maximum diameter 10.1 mm, die axis 0o, Massalia mint, 475 - 465/460 B.C.; obverse archaic head of Apollo left; reverse crab, M below; ex Forum (2016), ex CNG e-auction 368 (10 Feb 2016), lot 4; ex Poindessault-Vedrines (31 March 1997), lot 339.; very rare; $430.00 (€395.60)
Lesbos, 5th - 4th Century B.C.
The specific satrap has not been confirmed.SL95876. Billon 1/3 stater, BMC Lesbos 58, pl. XXXI, 3; SNG Cop -; Winzer -, NGC VG, Strike 4/5; Surface 2/5 (5872605-037), weight 3.90 g, maximum diameter 14 mm, die axis 225o, uncertain Lesbos mint, 5th - 4th Century B.C.; obverse youthful male head (satrap?) left, wearing tight-fitting cap; reverse head of roaring lion left within incuse square; NGC| Lookup; extremely rare; $280.00 (€257.60)
Lot of 4 Silver Fractions From Phoenicia, c. 425 - 300 B.C.
GA97055. Silver Lot, 4 silver fractions, c. 0.6g - 0.8g, c. 9mm, $200.00 (€184.00)
Achaean League, Patrai, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 160 - 146 B.C.
NEW The period of mintage begins with the Roman general, T. Quinctius Flamininus' proclamation of the "Freedom of Greece" in 196 B.C. and ends with the destruction of the League and the sack of Corinth by the Romans in 146 B.C. During this short period the league was the dominant state in Greece.GS95952. Silver triobol or hemidrachm, Benner p. 90, 27; BCD Peloponnesos 501.6; Agrinion 298; SNG Cop 244 (Dyme); Clerk 146; McClean 6459; HGC 5 54 (S), F, toned, light scratches, small earthen encrustations, die wear, reverse double struck, weight 2.368 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Patrai (Patras, Greece) mint, c. 160 - 146 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right, ∆I behind; reverse large Achaian League (AX) monogram, ΛY above, A - P flanking at sides, dolphin right below, all within laurel wreath; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $150.00 (€138.00)
Macedonian Kingdom, Ptolemy I, as Satrap, 323 - 305 B.C.
Aradus minted coinage in the name of Alexander during his lifetime and shortly after. When Aradus gained autonomy in 259 B.C., the city again minted coinage in the name of Alexander. After the Ptolemaic victory over the Seleukid Kingdom at Raphia in 217 B.C. Aradus fell under the control of Egypt. In 214, Aradus ceased to issue Alexander coinage and struck regal Ptolemaic issues. In 202 B.C., as Ptolemaic power waned, Aradus returned to issuing coinage of Alexander. The last Alexander coinage of Aradus was struck in 166/165 B.C.GS89324. Silver obol, unpublished in references but several known from auctions, CNG e-auction 201, lot 34 (same dies), VF, toned, earthen encrustation, porosity, weight 0.649 g, maximum diameter 9.0 mm, die axis 13.5o, Phoenicia, Aradus mint, c. 323 - 315 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg forward (archaic lifetime style) eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward behind, A/P monogram (control) left; from a New England collector; $140.00 (€128.80)
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection
SNG Kayhan is a standard reference for the archaic silver fractional coins of Ionia and Karia and a very good overall for pre-Roman Greek coins from those areas (Ephesos and Miletos in particular). The book largely covers the private collection of the author and this particular volume consists solely of Greek coinage (i.e. Roman Provincials are not present). While there is some coverage of areas such as Thrace, Macedonia, Boiotia, Attika, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Aiolis, Lydia, Phrygia, Lykia, Pamphylia, Pisidia, Isauria, Kilikia, Cyprus, Syria, Egypt, Incerti, it is Ionia and Karia that get most attention.BK65561. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection, Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection, Istanbul, 2002, quatro, 41 pages of plates with corresponding pages of descriptions (1,076 coins); $120.00 (€110.40)
Caria (Uncertain City), c. 460 - 440 B.C.
Troxell notes that hoard provinces indicate this type was struck in Caria, however, the issuing city remains unknown. SNG Kayhan identifies the denomination as a Milesian standard tetartemorion. SNG Keckman lists it as a Persic hemiobol.GS92103. Silver hemiobol, Troxell Carians 11C, SNG Keckman 913 ff.; cf. SNG Kayhan 968 ff. (no star), SNG Tüb 3329 (same), BMC Caria -, F/VF, obverse off center, light marks, light encrustations, weight 0.265 g, maximum diameter 6.9 mm, die axis 0o, Carian mint, c. 460 - 440 B.C.; obverse foreparts of two bulls confronted; reverse forepart of bull left, star below; ex Civitas Galleries; scarce; $120.00 (€110.40)
Taras, Calabria, Italy, c. 380 - 325 B.C.
The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by his cousin King Eurystheus, was to slay the Nemean lion and bring back its skin. It could not be killed with mortal weapons because its golden fur was impervious to attack. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight, the lion bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt but failed. Wise Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.
This type was struck with dozens of different pose variations on the reverse. In some scenes, it even appears Herakles might lose. There are so many variations that it might be possible to take photographs of the reverses and arrange them in a flip book to animate the fight.GI95916. Silver diobol, Vlasto 1319, SNG ANS 1405, HN Italy 911, HGC Italy 830, gF, toned, high points flatly struck, corrosion, scratches, lamination defects, small edge split, weight 0.650 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 0o, Taras (Taranto, Italy) mint, c. 380 - 325 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla; reverse Herakles naked crouching right, strangling the Nemean Lion with both hands, club behind, magistrates initial (A?) upper right (off flan); from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 (€92.00)
Assos, Troas, c. 479 - 450 B.C.
Though the town is officially named Behramkale, most people still call it by its ancient name, Assos. The town is on the coast of the Adramyttian Gulf on the southern side of Biga Peninsula, just north of Lesbos. Hermias, a student of Plato, ruled Assos for a time during the 4th century B.C. He invited Plato's most famous student, Aristotle, who lived and taught in Assos for more than three years. When the Persians took the city, they executed Hermias and Aristotle fled to Lesbos. After visiting Alexandria Troas, Paul walked to Assos and visited the Christians there (Acts 20:13).GS96090. Silver hemiobol, SNG Arikantürk 295; Weber 5318; BMC Troas p. 36, 3; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Ashmolean –, VF, centered on a tight flan, toned, porosity, weight 0.286 g, maximum diameter 6.8 mm, die axis 180o, Assos (Behramkale, Turkey) mint, c. 479 - 450 B.C.; obverse griffin reclining right, left forepaw raised; reverse lion head right, jaws open, tongue protruding, within incuse square; $90.00 (€82.80)