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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Geography ▸ BritainView Options:  |  |  |   

Britain (Mints & Types)

Britain is a very popular collecting theme, not surprisingly, it is most popular with British collectors. The theme usually includes coins struck in Britain, coins related to historical events in Britain, and coins depicting Britannia or other types related to Britain.


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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In 288 or 289, Maximian prepared an invasion of Britain to oust Carausius, but it failed. A panegyric delivered to Constantius Chlorus attributes this failure to bad weather, but notes that Carausius claimed a military victory. Eutropius says that hostilities were in vain thanks to Carausius' military skill, and peace was agreed. Carausius began to entertain visions of official recognition. He minted his coins acknowledging and honoring Maximian and Diocletian.
RA73234. Billon antoninianus, Apparently unpublished, RIC V -, Webb Carausius -, Hunter IV -, Carausian Hoard -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester Hoard, et al. -, aEF, weight 4.045 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. mid 287 - 288 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Mars standing right, in military dress, transverse spear in right hand, shield on left arm, foot on captive, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection, ex Forum (2009); ex Freeman & Sear mail bid 14 (21 Jun 2007), lot 456; ex Triton V (15 Jan 2002), lot 2142; possibly unique!; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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Issued to commemorate victory in Britain. compared with the Antonine period, the Severan base metal coinage lost most of its importance; it was replaced by the devalued silver denarius even for smallest daily transactions. As a result the coins are quite uncommon, especially the as, and an attractive example such as this British victory commemorative is quite rare. Between 208 and 210 A.D., Septimius Severus and his son Caracalla campaigned into Scotland (then Caledonia) and also restored Hadrian's Wall. The victories in the north pacified the island for the remainder of the century, but the aged Septimius died at Eburacum (York) in 211 A.D.
RB30341. Copper as, RIC IV 458a, Cohen IV 479, Choice gVF, weight 8.349 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 210 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF TR P XIII COS III (priest, holder of Tribunitian power for 13 years, consul for the 3rd time), Virtus on right, standing left, wearing helmet and military garb, parazonium in right hand, inverted spear in left hand, right foot on helmet, on left bound Caledonian captive seated at base of trophy of captured arms, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; scarce; SOLD


England, James I, 1603 - 1625

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James was King of Scots as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the English and Scottish crowns on 24 March 1603. He became King of Scotland at the age of thirteen months, succeeding his mother Mary, Queen of Scots, who had been compelled to abdicate in his favor. He succeeded the last Tudor monarch of England and Ireland, Elizabeth I, who died without issue. He reigned in all three kingdoms for 22 years, often using the title King of Great Britain and Ireland, until his death in 1625 at the age of 58. He based himself in England (the largest of the three realms) from 1603. James began the Plantation of Ulster and of North America. Under James, the "Golden Age" of Elizabethan literature and drama continued, with writers such as William Shakespeare contributing to a flourishing literary culture. He sponsored the translation of the Bible that was named after him: the Authorized King James Version.
SH56286. Gold halfcrown, Schneider 67, North 2093, SCBC 2629; im: rose, aVF, a few scratches, weight 1.211 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, London mint, second coinage, 1605 - 1606; obverse I D G ROSA SINE SPINA, crowned bust right; reverse TVEATVR VNITA DEVS (God upholds the united), crowned coat-of-arms, I - R across upper field; ex CNG, ex Deyo Collection, old round tag marked £3, 11/50; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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On 4 February 211, Severus fell ill and died in York at the age of 65, after a reign of nearly 18 years. This coin was dedicated to Fortuna to secure her aid for Caracalla's safe return to Rome from Britain.
SH57744. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 479(a), Cohen IV 85, cf. SRCV II 6921 (COS III), gVF, full flan, weight 22.033 g, maximum diameter 32.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 211 A.D.; obverse M AVREL ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right with short beard; reverse FORT RED P M TR P XIIII COS IIII P P S C, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder by tiller in right hand, scepter in left hand, wheel under seat; nice green patina, attractive coin; scarce; SOLD


England, Charles I, 1625 - 1649

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Charles I attempted to reign as an absolute monarch and rule without Parliament. Civil war broke out, the forces of the King lost, and Charles was beheaded. Parliament took control of the Tower mint in 1642.
UK85378. Silver crown, SCBC 2758, North 2195 (R); crown mint mark on obverse and reverse, F/VF, light marks, weight 29.304 g, maximum diameter 45.2 mm, die axis 345o, Tower mint, 1635 - 1636; obverse CAROLVS • D • G • MAG • BRI • FRA • ET • HIB • REX (Charles, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland), king on horseback left (group III), holding upright sword in right hand, no ground; reverse CRISTO • AVSPICE • REGNO • (I reign under the auspices of Christ), oval garnished shield - royal coat-of-arms (lion, fleur de lis, harp) within ornate oval frame; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; rare; SOLD


France, Provincial, Duchy of Normandie, William the Conqueror, 1035 - 1087, In the Name of William Rufus(?)

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There are two varieties of this denier, one with RICAR above the pediment (Legros 336) and the other with two W's (Legros 337, Dumas and Legros list only one specimen, in the Brussels Coin Cabinet). These two types were struck in the reign of William the Conqueror, after 1070. The RICAR issue may have been struck in the name of his son Richard (1057- c. 1081), Duke of Bernay; and the W's may refer to his son William Rufus (1056 - 1100), King of the English.
ME79660. Silver denier, Dumas pl. XX, 12 (Brussels Coin Cabinet); Legros 337 (same, unique); Poey d'Avant –; Duplessy Féodales –; Roberts –; De Wit Collection –, VF, toned, weight 0.801 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rouen mint, c. 1070 - 1081; obverse + NORMANNA, cross pattée, pellets in each quarter, within linear inner border; reverse stylized cathedral facade, cross within arched doorway, two pellets above arch, two towers flanking (each a line topped with an annulet), pellet in triangular pediment, two W's (for William Rufus?) above the pediment; extremely rare; SOLD


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Although references lists numerous varieties of Providentia reverses, this particular reverse, with rudder, PROVID AVG, and no mint marks is not listed in the references examined and we were unable to find another example online.

RIC notes that London issued coins without mint marks in 287 A.D. As this was the beginning of "British Empire" coinage, coins were often irregular and overstruck on older coins.
RA07649. Billon antoninianus, RIC V -, Webb Carausius -, SRCV IV -, Hunter IV -, Cohen VII -, gVF, fine light green patina, and exotic "British" style, extremely rare, possibly unpublished or unique, weight 3.85 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. mid 286 - early/mid 287; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVID AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, rudder in right hand, globe left of rudder, cornucopia in right hand; from the Scott Collection; SOLD


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

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This type refers to military campaign successes in northern Britain. Geta and Caracalla accompanied their father to Britain and when Geta was promoted to Augustus, it was the first time ever three emperors had ruled. Geta primarily remained in Eburacum (York) and London serving in an administrative role.
RS76963. Silver denarius, RIC IV 91 (S); BMCRE V p. 369, 67; RSC III 220; SRCV II 7255; Hunter III -, Choice EF, superb portrait, well centered, slight die wear, weight 3.135 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, Rome mint, 210 A.D.; obverse P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate and bearded head right; reverse VICTORIAE BRIT (victories over the British), Victory advancing right, raising wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand over left shoulder; SOLD


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Issued to commemorate victory in Britain. Between 208 and 210 A.D., Septimius Severus and his son Caracalla campaigned into Scotland (then Caledonia) and also restored Hadrian's Wall. The victories in the north pacified the island for the remainder of the century, but the aged Septimius died at Eburacum (York) in 211 A.D.
SH77184. Silver denarius, RIC IV 335 (S), RSC III 731, BMCRE V 61, Hunter III 107, SRCV II 6385, Choice EF, superb portrait, finest style, well centered and struck, light tone on luster, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.618 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 210 - 211 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse VICTORIAE BRIT (victories over the British), Victory seated left on arms including a grounded oval shield on her near side, nude to the waist, oval shield resting on her thigh and held in her right hand, palm frond in her left hand, right leg drawn back, left foot forward on a low footstool; scarce; SOLD


England, Anglo-Saxon Kings, Cnut, 1016 - 1035

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ME49637. Silver penny, North 787, SCBC 1158; moneyer: Aelfget, EF, wavy flan, weight 1.015 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, London mint, 1024 - 1030; obverse +CNVT REX AN (Cnut King of England), helmeted bust with scepter right; reverse +AELFGET ON LVNDE, voided cross, pellets within annulets in quarters; SOLD




  




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Catalog current as of Thursday, December 14, 2017.
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Britain (Mints & Types)