, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.
This with a longer is attributed to Antioch. All examples with this shorter , , are attributed to , and were only struck by the second .RA72591. , 275, 12672, 284, -, EF, nice portrait, and struck, near full , some die wear, , 4.202 g, maximum 22.2 mm, 180o, 2nd , (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 293 - 295 A.D.; IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS , , draped and right; IOVI ET HERCV , (on left) standing right, nude but for over shoulders, receiving on globe with right hand, long vertical in left hand; (on right) standing left facing , on globe in right his hand is offering wreath to , club and skin in left hand, B in center above line, XXI in ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
In early in December 316, to ensure his loyalty, Licinius elevated , the dux limitis (duke of the frontier) in , to the rank of . According to Petrus Patricius, when Constantine learned of this, "The emperor made clear the extent of his rage by his facial expression and by the contortion of his body. Almost unable to speak, he said, 'We have not come to this present state of affairs, nor have we fought and triumphed from the ocean till where we have now arrived, just so that we should refuse to have our own brother-in-law as joint ruler because of his abominable behavior, and so that we should deny his close kinship, but accept that vile slave [ ] with him into imperial college.'" The treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at on 1 March, 317. Whether it was of that agreement is unknown, but Licinius had executed.RL73468. , Trier 102, 16063, 525, EF, detail, , attractive , weak, 3.636 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 225o, 2nd , (Trier, Germany) mint, 316 A.D.; IMP , laureate and right; , Sol standing slightly left, , nude but for over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, flanking at sides, BTR in ; $90.00 (€80.10)
, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.
Constantine II's younger brother was born in 323. After their father's death, as the oldest son, was made Constans' guardian. When the brother's could not agree on their shares of the empire, invaded Constans' territory. In March or April 340 A.D., was ambushed, defeated and killed near by Constans' forces.RL74450. , 4, 287, 17149, 10, EF, 2.712 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 180o, Londinium ( , England) mint, 322 - 324 A.D.; CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, helmeted and left; , celestial globe on inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, in ; ex William B. Porter Collection; $90.00 (€80.10)
, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.
This refers to Aurelian's defeat of Zenobia's Palmyrene Empire in the east. The captives wear Parthian caps and are typically attributed as Persians. The real captives were more likely Palmyreans. Typical of Roman propaganda, Zenobia's supporters are depicted to glorify Aurelian's and mask that this was an internal revolt and civil war.RA79584. , 1533, 151, 61, 592 - 594, 5005 - 5064, 2213, 275, 604, 826, EF, near full , nice portrait, bold strike, 4.079 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 180o, 3rd , Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 2nd emission, Jun - Sep 274 A.D.; IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, and right; , Sol advancing left, , nude but for over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, two bound captives seated flanking at feet, right foot on captive on left, captive on right looking back at Sol, left, TXXT in ; ex Ancient Imports; $90.00 (€80.10)
, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
is the personification of valor and courage. Valor was, of course, essential for the success of a Roman emperor and was one of the embodiments of virtues that were of the Imperial cult. During his joint reign with his father, proved his courage in battle; but his failure to liberate his father from Persian captivity was perceived as cowardice and a disgrace to the Emperor and Empire. It was not, however, actually fear that prevented a rescue. While others mourned Valerian's fate, rejoiced in his new sovereignty.RA77437. , 1666k, S612, 1245, 10403, EF, near full with some luster, excellent centering, parts of legends weak, slight , 3.567 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 267 A.D.; GALLIENVS AVG, , draped and right; , Soldier standing right, spear vertical behind with point up in right hand, resting left hand on grounded , PXV in ; $85.00 (€75.65)
Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.
, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Thraciea to distinguish it from Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of . Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. : H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.RB71753. , II, 595; 13116; 54; -, EF, much , 4.220 g, maximum 21.1 mm, 0o, 1st , (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 292 - 294 A.D.; IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG, , draped and right; , standing right, in military garb, holding and receiving on globe from , standing left, nude but for cloak on shoulder, long vertical in his left hand, A between them, •XXI• in ; $80.00 (€71.20)
, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.
On 1 March 293, and Maximian appointed Constantius Chlorus and as Caesars. This is considered the beginning of the , known as the Quattuor Principes Mundi ("Four Rulers of the World"). The four Tetrarchs established their capitals close to the Roman frontiers:
- (northwestern ) became capital for
- Mediolanum ( , near the Alps) became the capital for Maximian
- Augusta Treverorum (Trier, in Germany) became the capital for Constantius Chlorus
- (Serbia, on the Danube ) became the capital for
RA71673. , Cyzicus 306, 33, 12635, EF, , , some , some weak, 3.947 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 0o, 2nd , Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 293 - 294 A.D.; IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, and draped right; , emperor standing right, holding or short , receiving on globe from standing left holding long , B in center, XXI in ; $80.00 (€71.20)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Adventus types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign, or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.RB72409. , 37; , 2, 157; , p. 67; 11953 var. ( ); 40 var. (3rd ), aEF, excellent , nice centering and strike, some remains, 4.163 g, maximum 21.1 mm, 180o, 7th , Rome mint, 5th emission, 280 A.D.; IMP PROBVS AVG, and right; , on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long in left, bound captive seated left in front of horse below raised right foreleg, R wreath Z in ; ; $80.00 (€71.20)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D., Series II of Ticinum, I, VIXXI
Ticinum mint series II - click "EQVITI" to read the article, "Coins of with Coded Markings of Embedded in the mint mark." The letter "I" in the is the fourth letter of the . The letter "VI" in the indicates this coin was struck by the sixth (mint workshop). The letters of the word are coded in the of coins from all the of the mint, with the specific letters of the assigned to each in order corresponding with their numbers. This probably refers to cavalry. It may be truncated because there were only six in operation.RA51609. , , 2, 525, EF, centered, much remaining, 3.736 g, maximum 23.1 mm, 180o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, IMP C PROBVS AVG, left in consular robe, tipped in right; , standing left raising right hand to and resting left elbow on column, I right, VIXXI in ; $75.00 (€66.75)
, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
Redux, one of the many aspects of , was in charge of bringing people home safely, primarily from wars - redux means "coming back" or "returning." She may be one of the later aspects of , as the earliest mention of her is of an dedicated by the Senate in 19 B.C. for the safe return of the Emperor .RA73683. , 586a, S572 ( ), 265 ( ), 10219 var. (S ), EF, portrait, on a tight and slightly , 2.941 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 225o, 6th , Rome mint, 262 - 263 A.D.; GALLIENVS AVG, and draped right; , standing left, rudder on globe in right hand, in left hand, ς right; ex J. ; $75.00 (€66.75)
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