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High Grade Ancient Coins

When first introduced to ancient coins, most people are shocked to learn that some coins remain in mint state and even more surprised to learn that they are not all in musuems. Ancient people did not have stocks, bonds mutual funds, or bank accounts. The primary implement for holding wealth was coins, often buried, and often buried in uncirculated or mint state condition. If an owner died without recovering their coins or telling an heir where to find them, they were lost. Millions of ancient coins have been recovered, and thousands have been found in superb condition.


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

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In Roman religion every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Roman People, etc. The legend GENIO AVGVSTI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Augusti, the Emperors. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RB73848. Billon follis, RIC VI Cyzicus 53, SRCV IV 14509, Cohen VII 40, gVF, well centered, sharp detail, light corrosion, some marks, weight 7.117 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 309 - May 310 A.D.; obverse GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, nude but for kalathos on head and chlamys over shoulders and left arm, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left left, B left, star right, MVK in exergue; $110.00 (97.90)


Carinus, First Half 283 - Spring 285 A.D.

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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA73892. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 212, Bastien IX 533, Pink VI-2 p. 22, Cohen VI 8, SRCV III 12339, gVF, nice portrait, well struck, some silvering, weight 3.774 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 283 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing slightly left, scales in right, cornucopia in left hand, A (1st officina) right; ex Harlan J. Berk; $110.00 (97.90)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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The Emperor was the Pontifex Maximus - the high priest of Rome, president of the colleges of priests, and the superintendent and judge of all matters related to the religion and sacred ceremonies of the Romans, whether in public or private. Coinage was often used to advertise that the pious Emperor was fulfilling his duties to the state and people, performing the sacrifices and ceremonies which, according to their religion, were essential to the welfare of the Roman Empire and Roman people.
RS76516. Silver denarius, RIC IV 81 (S), RSC III 357, BMCRE VI 463, cf. SRCV II 7899 (TR P V), Hunter III -, EF, cameo-like obv. with toned portrait and legend and bright fields, slightly frosty surfaces, somewhat irregular flan, weight 2.803 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, earlier part of 228 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P VII COS II P P, Alexander standing facing, head left, sacrificing from patera in right hand over lit tripod altar, scroll in left hand; scarce; $110.00 (97.90)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, I, QXXI

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Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click "EQVITI" to read the NumisWiki article, "Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark." The letter "I" in the reverse field is the fourth letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter "Q" in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the fourth officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RA62615. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 509, EF, weight 3.910 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 281 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left; reverse MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, holding olive-branch, shield and spear, I left, QXXI in exergue; sharp strike with full silvering, some hoard patina remaining; $105.00 (93.45)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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In 193, Laodicea was sacked by the governor of Syria, Pescennius Niger, in his revolt against Septimius Severus. In 194, Septimius Severus reorganized Syria into five new provinces. One of these, Coele-Syria, including all of northern Syria, briefly had its capital in Laodicea before reverting to Antioch. Septimius sought to punish Antioch for having supported Pescennius Niger. Septimius Severus endowed Laodicea with four colonnaded streets, baths, a theater, a hippodrome, numerous sanctuaries and other public buildings in the city. The city was a key strategic seaport for Roman Syria.
RS90492. Silver denarius, RIC IV 511(a), RSC III 4 55a; BMCRE V p. 294, 712; SRCV II -, aEF, toned, nice style, good strike, weight 3.375 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 200 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head right; reverse P MAX TR P VIII COS II P P, Fides standing facing, head left, raising a plate of fruits in right, two stalks of grain downward in left; $105.00 (93.45)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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This coin refers Constantine's victory in the Sarmatian war in 322 A.D. According to Zosimus (lib. 2), Constantine routed the Sarmatae and drove them back beyond the Danube where they rallied to renew the fight. He defeated them and again put them to flight, taking a great number of prisoners. Their King, Rausimodus was left among the slain.
RL75806. Billon centenionalis, Hunter V 63 (also 1st officina), RIC VII Trier 435, Cohen VII 487, SRCV IV 16284, Choice EF, perfect centering, Victory's face a little flatly struck, closed crack, weight 3.538 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse SARMATIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, treading on captive, trophy in right, palm in left, PTR crescent in exergue; $105.00 (93.45)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 282, Probus traveled towards Sirmium (Serbia). He tried to employ his troops in peaceful projects, such as draining the swamps in Pannonia. His troops, unhappy about this labor, murdered him. Marcus Aurelius Carus, an Illyrian and Probus' praetorian prefect, was proclaimed the new emperor.
RA46836. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 731; Alfldi Siscia V type 57, n 9, EF, weight 3.428 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 282 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVT ORBIS, woman standing right presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding globe and scepter, II in center, XXI in exergue; sharp, extensive silvering; $100.00 (89.00)


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
RL71445. Billon quarter maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 244, LRBC II 1136, Voetter 31, SRCV V 18730, Cohen VII 10, Choice EF, weight 1.982 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left in galley left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, labarum in left hand, Victory seated in stern steering, BSIS followed by control-mark in exergue; $100.00 (89.00)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Constantine is best known for being the first Christian Roman emperor. He reversed the persecutions of his predecessor, Diocletian, and issued the Edict of Milan in 313, which proclaimed religious toleration throughout the empire. He is listed as a saint by the Orthodox Church. Although he is not a Catholic saint, he is revered under the title "The Great" for his contributions to Christianity.
RL72845. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Lyons 236 (R3), LRBC I 180, Bastien XIII 203 (3 examples), SRCV IV 16337, Cohen VII 254, EF, nice portrait, some luster, slight porosity in areas on the reverse, weight 2.557 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, PLG in exergue; rare; $100.00 (89.00)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL76206. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 90, LRBC II 2018, SRCV V 18231, Cohen VII 39, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, nice green patina, weight 3.284 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 15 Mar 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in right, resting left on shield, two kneeling bound captives before him, Γ left, CONSZ* in exergue; $100.00 (89.00)




    



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Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 30, 2016.
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High Grade Ancient Coins