, of , 359 - 336 B.C.
expanded the size and influence of the but is perhaps best known as the father of Alexander the Great. He personally selected the design of his coins.
SH85135. Gold , pl. 75, 63 (D31/R52), 251 (also same dies), 523, aEF, , sculptural high relief die, some mint luster, very light marks, 8.572 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 315o, Amphipolis mint, 340/336 - 328 B.C.; laureate of right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, charioteer driving a racing right, wearing a , in right hand, reins in his left hand, ivy leaf right below horses; $4500.00 (€4005.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising signs. Perhaps selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority.SH84736. Silver , 1271 (same dies, attributed to auxiliary workshop, ), 126 (R2), 21, 346, 145, 1592, aMS, nearly as struck, mint luster, and bold strike, a few light marks, die wear, 3.809 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 180o, uncertain Spanish ( ?) mint, 16 B.C.; right, dot , ; capricorn right, filleted overflowing with grain and fruit on its back, celestial globe and rudder with tiller held between hooves, below; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; ; $3150.00 (€2803.50)
, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., of Matthew 22:20-21
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was , He said, ''Render therefore unto the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since was at the time, this is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible
SH85106. Silver ON RESERVE
, group 1, 144; 26 (C); 34; 1762; 16; 1763, , extraordinary!, centered, light golden on luster, 3.826 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, early 'plain' , c. 15 - 18 A.D.; , laureate right; (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with plain legs set on base, long vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, no footstool; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
Aspendos, , c. 380 - 325 B.C.
Aspendos is about 40 km east of Antalya, Turkey about 16 km inland on the Eurymedon River. In 546 B.C. it fell to . After a Persian defeat in 467, the city joined the Attic-Delos League. took it again in 411 B.C., Alexander in 333 B.C., and in 190 B.C. Although often subject to powerful empires, the city usually retained substantial autonomy.
GS85145. Silver , Series 4, 105, 227, 4565, EF, and struck, beautiful , 10.958 g, maximum 23.8 mm, 0o, Aspendos mint, c. 380 - 325 B.C.; two wrestlers, nude, the left one holds the wrist of his opponent with his right hand and right forearm with his left hand, LΦ between their legs; EΣTΦE∆IIYΣ on left, slinger discharging to right, wearing short , triskeles on right with feet clockwise, no trace of an square; the nicest Aspendos ever handled by !; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This was the first coin issued in Caesar's name. It was minted after his invasion of Italy and crossing of the Rubicon on 10 January 49 B.C. until his defeat of Pompey at . The symbolism on the appears to be the triumph of over evil. The refers to Caesar's office of (high priest of ).SH84764. Silver , 443/1, 1006, 49, 9, Gaul 27, 1557, 1399, near , light on luster, broad , , 1/5 off center, 3.834 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 30o, military mint, traveling with , 49 B.C.; walking right trampling on a dragon or ( war trumpet) ornamented to look like a dragon, below; implements of the pontificate: (cup) or (ladle), ( ), (sacrificial ax), and (priest's hat); ex J. ; $1750.00 (€1557.50)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., ,
Mérida, Spain was founded by P. Carisius in 25 B.C., as Augusta, the name referring to the discharged soldiers who populated the city, by order of to protect a pass and a bridge over the Guadiana river. The city became an important city in the Roman Empire and the capital of province. Mérida preserves more important ancient Roman monuments than any other city in Spain (including a triumphal arch of the age of ).
SH84707. Silver , 9b, 398, 291, Spain 128, 1039, 124, 1627 var. ( right), gVF, full centering on a broad , mint luster, areas, die wear, small edge cracks, 3.775 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 90o, Augusta (Merida, Spain) mint, P. Carisius, c. 25 - 23 B.C.; IMP , left; P CARISIVS (P. Carisius Legatus [ ] pro Praetore), bird's-eye view of town with walls around, inscribed above gateway in front with three battlements over two arched entrances; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; $1500.00 (€1335.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
built the temple of the Avenger on the Capitol to house the recovered legionary eagles, which had been lost by Crassus and Antony to the .
SH85107. Silver , 105b, 375, 4421, 1205, 192, 1623 var. ( right), EF, light tone on mint luster, on a , some die wear, 3.844 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, (Cordoba, Spain) mint, 18 B.C.; CAESARI AVGVSTO, laureate left; Temple of Ultor ( the Avenger), domed round shrine with , set on podium of three steps, containing between two , divided across the ; $1500.00 (€1335.00)
, Nicephorus I and Stauracius, December 803 - 25 July 811 A.D.
Nicephorus, the logothete (lord high treasurer) under Empress Irene, gained rule in a palace coup. At the Battle of Pliska, the Bulgarian , Krum, surprised and slew Nicephorus along with a large portion of the army. Krum is said to have made a drinking-cup of Nicephorus' skull. Stauracius escaped the battle to Constantinople but was mortally wounded. He surrendered his throne to his brother-in-law, retired to a monastery, and died soon after.SH83915. Gold , , 1, 2c.2; 8; 9; 1786; 238; 27.1; 1604, EF, lustrous, on a , 4.349 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 180o, 10th , Constantinople mint, 803 - 811 A.D.; hICI-FOROS bASILE', bearded facing of Nicephorus, wearing and with crown, on base in right hand, in left hand, no pellet left; STAVRA-CIS dESPO' X, unbearded facing of Stauracius, wearing and with crown, in right hand, in left hand; from the Watcher Collection, ex Heritage CICF auction (Chicago, Apr 2013), lot 3024 ($940 plus fees); ; $1010.00 (€898.90)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG II
This may have been II , disbanded by . The well-known II Augusta, which took in the conquest of Britain and was later stationed in South Wales, was one of Octavian's legions, and so not likely to be the Second Legion referred to on this coin. Other Second Legions (Adiutrix, , Parthica and Traiana) were raised much later in imperial times.
SH85060. Silver , 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27, 349, EF, bold strike on a , light marks, small edge cracks, 3.875 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - II, ( ) between two legionary standards; ex & Mosch auction 244, lot 441; $1000.00 (€890.00)
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