, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Struck during the lifetime of Alexander the Great.SH77066. Gold , 172, 105, aEF, mint luster, , high relief, strike, 8.580 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 270o, Amphipolis mint, c. 327 - 325 B.C.; of right wearing earring, necklace, and crested Corinthian helmet decorated with a coiled snake; AΛEΞAN∆POY, standing left, wreath in right hand, stylus in left hand, trident-head downward (control symbol) in left ; $5500.00 (€4840.00)
, , Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.
Following Heron's death, democracy was in 466 B.C. Similar to at Athens, the polis was governed by a council and popular assembly with an executive consisting of elected generals or strategoi. fought against Athens 427 - 424 B.C. and again 415 - 413 B.C.; ultimately was victorious. With further reforms by Diocles, the democratic nature of Syracuse's political structure was further strengthened. SH70877. Silver , 509 (V268/R362), 162 (same dies), VF, attractive Arethusa, die worn, edge flaw, 16.852 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 270o, mint, c. 460 - 450 B.C.; charioteer driving slow right, reins in both , flying right above crowning horses, ketos swimming right in ; ΣYPAKOΣON, diademed of Arethusa right, hair rolled and tucked under diadem, wearing earring and necklace, four dolphins swimming around clockwise; $1800.00 (€1584.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., - Ferrata, the "Ironclad"
The VI Ferrata, the "Ironclad," was an old legion of Caesar's that fought for Antony. It was retained by , and later served in and . The VI , on the other hand, was one of Octavian's legions. This and issued a 'restitution' of the , presumably in connection with the latter's Eastern campaigns.SH76382. Silver , 544/19, 1223, II East 197, 33, 356, EF, near perfect centering, light , slightly uneven strike, contact marks, areas of and light corrosion, 3.664 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III •VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - VI, ( ) between two legionary standards; ex (2005); $1400.00 (€1232.00)
Mytilene, , c. 377 - 326 B.C.
Mytilene was famous in ancient times for its great output of coins struck from the late 6th through mid - 4th centuries B.C. The usual was the hekte (1/6th ). Warwick noted in the British Museum Catalog, "The Sixths of [this series] form one of the most beautiful coin-series of the ancient world. This will be evident from a glance."SH73442. hekte, Em. 99; 321; 1729; 1025; 1735; 5631, gVF, , minor die wear, 2.564 g, maximum 10.5 mm, 0o, Mytilene mint, c. 377 - 326 B.C.; of right, wearing wreath and , two stars flanking cap; of right in linear square; ex XVII (6 - 7 Jan 2015), lot 599; ex CNG auction 72 (14 Jun 2006), lot 714; $1300.00 (€1144.00)
, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D.
The refers to the harmony and friendship of the emperors and . Because they were quarreling they were unable to put up a joint defense against the praetorians. They were both murdered after a reign of only 99 days.SH76157. , , 2, 20; 7 (12 fr.); 43; 8530; 12, aVF, portrait, , brass with touches of green, areas of light corrosion, 20.257 g, maximum 29.7 mm, 45o, Rome mint, later issue; M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped and right, from behind; , seated left, in extended right hand, double in left, S C in ; $1250.00 (€1100.00)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre,
Dido, the founder and first queen of , is primarily known from Virgil's Aeneid. Upon succeeding their father as of Tyre, Dido's brother Pygmalion had her husband Sichaeus killed in a plot to seize his immense wealth. Dido, with a large group of friends and followers, escaped Tyre, carrying with them all of Sichaeus? treasure. As depicted on the of this coin, Dido made a sacrifice at the temple of Melqart-Hercules before leaving. The on some other Valerian types, we know of one example struck with this same die, depict Dido in beginning construction.RP75357. Bronze , Unpublished in the many references examined by , cf. 2354 ( and ), 2503 (same), VF, , porous, adjustment marks, 11.064 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 180o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and right; COL TVRO MET, Dido standing right, on , extending both toward a temple of Melqart-Hercules in perspective to upper right, club within the temple, flaming column at her feet, shell on right below temple; from the J. Collection; the best of the few examples of the known to ; extremely ; $990.00 (€871.20)
, , c. 330 - 300 B.C.
Long used as a Hittite , was re-founded as a Greek colony by Miletus in the 7th century B.C. flourished as the Black Sea of a caravan route that led from the upper Euphrates valley. The city escaped Persian domination until the early 4th century B.C. In 183 B.C. it was captured by Pharnaces I and became the capital of the kingdom of . Lucullus conquered for Rome in 70 B.C., and established a Roman colony there, , in 47 B.C. It remained with the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantines). It was a of the Empire of Trebizond from the sacking of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204 until the capture of the city by the Seljuk Turks of Rûm in 1214.SH75322. Silver , 1484; 772; 284, aEF, beautifully , , small die crack on , 4.975 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 90o, (Sinop, Turkey) mint, c. 330 - 300 B.C.; of nymph left, hair in , wearing triple pendant earring and necklace; with in talons facing left, ∆IOY (magistrate's name) below wing, ΣINΩ below ; ex (2010), ex Baldwin & Sons, ; $850.00 (€748.00)
, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.
In July 69, learned that the armies of the eastern provinces had proclaimed their commander, , as emperor. , aware that he would be defeated, negotiated terms of resignation, but the praetorians refused to allow him to carry out the agreement, and forced him to return to the palace. When Vespasian's troops entered Rome he was dragged out of a lodge where he was hiding, taken to the fatal Gemonian stairs, and executed. His body was thrown into the according to Suetonius; Cassius Dio's account is that was beheaded and his paraded around Rome, and his wife attended to his burial. "Yet I was once your emperor," were his last words. His brother and son were also killed.SH72950. Silver , 107 (S), 72, 34, 71, 17, 2200, gVF/VF, bold portrait, nice , a few minor marks, 3.055 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 180o, Rome mint, Jul - 20 Dec 69 A.D.; A , laureate right; , seated right on throne with back, veiled, draped, in right hand, long in left hand vertical on left (far) side; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Baldwin & Sons (2009); ; $800.00 (€704.00)
Taras, , Italy, c. 272 - 240 B.C.
Taras, the only Spartan colony, was founded in 706 B.C. The founders were Partheniae ("sons of virgins"), sons of unmarried Spartan women and Perioeci (free men, but not citizens of Sparta). These out-of-wedlock unions were permitted to increase the prospective number of soldiers (only the citizens could be soldiers) during the bloody Messenian wars. Later, however, when they were no longer needed, their citizenship was retroactively nullified and the sons were obliged to leave forever. Their leader, Phalanthus, consulted the oracle at and was told to make the harbor of Taranto their home. They named the city Taras after the son of Poseidon, and of a local nymph, Satyrion. The depicts Taras being saved from a shipwreck by a sent to him by Poseidon. This symbol of the ancient Greek city is the symbol of modern Taranto today.SH75331. Silver nomos, 927, 890, 1037, gVF, , on a , , some marks, scratches, and light corrosion, 6.332 g, maximum 18.7 mm, Taras (Taranto, Italy) mint, c. 272 - 240 BC; |−HPAK/ΛHTOΣ below, helmeted and warrior on horseback right, on his back, transverse spear downward in right hand; TAPAΣ, Phalanthos on left, flower in extended right, in left, EΓ and (incense burner) behind; $750.00 (€660.00)
Kingdom of , Prusias II , 185 - 149 B.C.
Prusias II, son of Prusias I, inherited his father's name but not his character. He first joined with Eumenes of in war against , but later turned on and invaded. He was defeated and demanded heavy reparations. Prusias sent his son Nicomedes II to Rome to ask for aid in reducing the payments. When Nicomedes revolted, Prusias II was murdered in the temple of Zeus at Nikomedia.SH71000. Bronze AE 22, 640; p. 210, 8; 256 var ( ); 26; 629; 7266, VF, nice , 6.393 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 0o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 180 - 150 B.C.; of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY, standing right, playing , his cloak flying behind, NΦ inner right under raised foreleg; $720.00 (€633.60)
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