, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
References disagree on who is the empress beside . Most simply say empress. Sear ( ) and Giard ( ) say the empress is Livia. says , but this is now dated to the time of Nero's marriage to . Nobody says it is his mother , because he had her murdered in 59 A.D. We think it is .
According to , was ambitious and ruthless. He reports that married to get close to and then, in turn, became Nero's favorite mistress, and then wife. She bore one daughter, Augusta, born on 21 January 63, who died at only four months of age. At the birth of , honored mother and child with the title of Augusta. According to Suetonius, while she was awaiting the birth of her second child in the summer of 65, she quarreled fiercely with over his spending too much time at the races. In a fit of rage, kicked her in the abdomen, causing her death.
RS72960. Silver , post reform; 45 (R), 54, 43 ( ), 201 (Livia), 24, 1940 (Livia), EF, excellent portrait, fantastic , 3.402 g, maximum 20.2 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 64 - 65 A.D.; , laureate right; , , on left, standing slightly left, and togate, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand; empress on right, standing left, veiled and draped, in right hand, double in left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Imperial Coins; ; $3000.00 (€2640.00)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
As reported by B.V. in Chapter 5 of Excavations at : The Archaic Artemisia, a coin of this was one of five coins found in excavations underneath the foundations of the southern wall of the B cella of the Artemisia at . The other four coins were and paw types. wrote these coins must have been deposited during construction of the First Temple (A). 145 is the coin found at the Artemisia (= 79), now at the Arkeoloji Müzesi, Istanbul. The coins have more wear (die wear?) than our coin, but do appear to be from the same die.
SH75300. 1/24 , Milesian ; 145 - 146; p. 86 and pl. 2, 79; cf. 1781 (different ); 287 (same); 717 (same), EF, perhaps the finest known of a very and important , 0.597 g, maximum 6.7 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; bridled and neck of Pegasos left, with top edge of wing visible; raised pattern within square punch; ex Tkalec AG auction Feb 2013, lot 88, realized 2,000 Swiss francs ($2,151) plus fees; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 199 (10 Oct 2011), realized 2,000 EUR ($2,699) plus fees; very ; $2880.00 (€2534.40)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
SH75694. Silver , 19 (R2), 9, 6, 22, 2158, aEF, , die break on , flaw on , 3.526 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 9 Mar - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; IMP , right; , standing left, in right hand, long vertical behind in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ex Sale XXVIII (5 Jan 2012), lot 1063; ; $2750.00 (€2420.00)
, , Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.
Following Heron's death, democracy was in 466 B.C. Similar to at Athens, the polis was governed by a council and popular assembly with an executive consisting of elected generals or strategoi. fought against Athens 427 - 424 B.C. and again 415 - 413 B.C.; ultimately was victorious. With further reforms by Diocles, the democratic nature of Syracuse's political structure was further strengthened. SH70877. Silver , 509 (V268/R362), 162 (same dies), VF, attractive Arethusa, die worn, edge flaw, 16.852 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 270o, mint, c. 460 - 450 B.C.; charioteer driving slow right, reins in both , flying right above crowning horses, ketos swimming right in ; ΣYPAKOΣON, diademed of Arethusa right, hair rolled and tucked under diadem, wearing earring and necklace, four dolphins swimming around clockwise; $1800.00 (€1584.00)
, 31 December 192 - 28 March 193 A.D.
was the son of a humble charcoal-burner. After a successful career in the military, as a senator and then as praefect of the city of Rome, he reluctantly accepted the throne offered by the murderers of . After a reign of only 86 day he was murdered by mutinous guards.
SH72991. Silver , 13a, 25, 56, 7, 6048, EF, excellent portrait, , 3.180 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 1 Jan - 28 Mar 193 A.D.; P HELV AVG, laureate right; VOT TR P , standing left, veiled, sacrificing over lit from a in right; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very (R2); $1800.00 (€1584.00)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
With this coin claimed there was peace all over the world. It was true that at the time it was struck there was peace along all the borders of the empire, which was a event because Rome was almost always engaged in some war with the nations and tribes that surrounded it. It was, however, an absurdity, in the midst of a civil war within the borders, to acclamation peace on the borders as peace all over the world.
SH75695. Silver , 4, 3, 3, 3, 2156, VF, portrait, nice , scratches, center flatly struck, 3.518 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, Jan - Feb 69 A.D.; IMP M , right; PAX TERRARVM (All the World at Peace), Pax standing left, olive-branch in right hand, in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ; $1800.00 (€1584.00)
Mytilene, , c. 377 - 326 B.C.
Mytilene was famous in ancient times for its great output of coins struck from the late 6th through mid - 4th centuries B.C. The usual was the hekte (1/6th ). Warwick noted in the British Museum Catalog, "The Sixths of [this series] form one of the most beautiful coin-series of the ancient world. This will be evident from a glance."SH73442. hekte, Em. 99; 321; 1729; 1025; 1735; 5631, gVF, , minor die wear, 2.564 g, maximum 10.5 mm, 0o, Mytilene mint, c. 377 - 326 B.C.; of right, wearing wreath and , two stars flanking cap; of right in linear square; ex XVII (6 - 7 Jan 2015), lot 599; ex CNG auction 72 (14 Jun 2006), lot 714; $1300.00 (€1144.00)
Herbessos, , c. 344 - 335 B.C.
The site of the native Sikel Herbessos is uncertain but it was probably located near Leontinoi. Like other Sikel towns, it supported against , however, in 396 B.C. Herbessos formed an with Dionysos I. In 310 B.C., Agathokles installed a garrison to hold it against . In 309 B.C., with the aid of , the city expelled the garrison and claimed its freedom. In the Punic Wars, Herbessos was repeatedly held by until taken by Rome. About 213 B.C., Herbesso became a decumana, paying 1/10th of its annual harvest to Rome. Although it probably continued to exist for centuries, it then disappears from history.
GI72187. Bronze , series II, 1 (354- 344 B.C); III, p. 252, 4; 593; 1002; pl. LIX, 17; 411 (R2), VF, on , 32.639 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 270o, Herbessos mint, c. 344 - 335 B.C.; EPBEΣΣINΩN, of Sikelia right, hair adorned with myrtle olive wreath; forepart of right; big bronze!; ; $1200.00 (€1056.00)
, February - 9 March 69 A.D.
The second issue of is characterized by the missing M in the and a changed coiffure. This combined with the serene portrait makes this particular die one of the nicest ones available.SH72955. Silver , 10, 15, 19, 11, 2163, VF, portrait, nicely , on a , 3.475 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 180o, Rome mint, Feb - 9 Mar 69 A.D.; IMP , right; , standing left, wreath in right, long in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex CNG, ex J. ; ; $1200.00 (€1056.00)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre,
Dido, the founder and first queen of , is primarily known from Virgil's Aeneid. Upon succeeding their father as of Tyre, Dido's brother Pygmalion had her husband Sichaeus killed in a plot to seize his immense wealth. Dido, with a large group of friends and followers, escaped Tyre, carrying with them all of Sichaeus? treasure. As depicted on the of this coin, Dido made a sacrifice at the temple of Melqart-Hercules before leaving. The on some other Valerian types, we know of one example struck with this same die, depict Dido in beginning construction.RP75357. Bronze , Unpublished in the many references examined by , cf. 2354 ( and ), 2503 (same), VF, , porous, adjustment marks, 11.064 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 180o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and right; COL TVRO MET, Dido standing right, on , extending both toward a temple of Melqart-Hercules in perspective to upper right, club within the temple, flaming column at her feet, shell on right below temple; from the J. Collection; the best of the few examples of the known to ; extremely ; $1100.00 (€968.00)
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