, Justinian II, 10 July 685 - Late 695 and Summer 705 - 4 November 711 A.D., Portrait of Christ
The portrait on this coin was based on an icon believed by the people of the time to bear a miraculous resemblance to Christ’s actual appearance.SH73339. Gold , , 2, 2nd reign, 2b; 1; 12; 2; 1705; 2b; 17.3; 1415, EF, lustrous, nearly as struck, 4.365 g, maximum 20.418 mm, 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2nd reign, 705 - 711 A.D.; O N REX - REGNANTIYM, of Christ facing, curly hair, short beard, wearing and , Gospels in left, behind ; IYSTINIANYS ET TIbERIYS PP A, Justinian (on left) and , half-length facing, each wears crown, and , holding on three steps in center; for this extraordinary , since 2000 only 16 auction sales are recorded on Coin Archives Pro; ; $5200.00 (€4524.00)
Selinus, , c. 455 - 409 B.C.
According to this commemorated the cure of a plague at Selinus by the philosopher and physician Empedokles of . Empedokles stopped the plaque, perhaps malaria, by joining the channels of two streams and clearing the stagnant waters of the surrounding marsh. , the bringer of plaque, but also a healing god and the father of Asklepios, is battling the plaque with his arrows. The river-god Selinos offers a libation to the healing god for cleansing the waters. The cock is sacred to Asklepios.
notes the engraver's signature is clear on the coin from the same dies and on another example in the Bibliothèque National. Unfortunately it is not clear on this coin, thought there are perhaps some traces visible. This engraver also worked at and was among the earliest to sign his dies there.
SH75667. Silver , 1237 (same dies), 99 (same dies), -, EF, nicely centered and struck, uneven of at 4:00, 17.060 g, maximum 26.5 mm, 0o, Selinunte mint, c. 455 - 409 B.C.; driving a right, standing beside her drawing his bow, a barley ear in ; ΣEΛ−INONTI−ON, river-god Selinos standing slightly left, nude, sacrificing from in right hand over a low flaming at feet, palm-fronds in left hand, rooster left in front of the , selinon leaf in right above a bull left on a base, tiny signature of the engraver, ΣΩΣIΩN below ground line; ; $3800.00 (€3306.00)
, , Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.
Following Heron's death, democracy was in 466 B.C. Similar to at Athens, the polis was governed by a council and popular assembly with an executive consisting of elected generals or strategoi. fought against Athens 427 - 424 B.C. and again 415 - 413 B.C.; ultimately was victorious. With further reforms by Diocles, the democratic nature of Syracuse's political structure was further strengthened. SH70877. Silver , 509 (V268/R362), 162 (same dies), VF, attractive Arethusa, die worn, edge flaw, 16.852 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 270o, mint, c. 460 - 450 B.C.; charioteer driving slow right, reins in both , flying right above crowning horses, ketos swimming right in ; ΣYPAKOΣON, diademed of Arethusa right, hair rolled and tucked under diadem, wearing earring and necklace, four dolphins swimming around clockwise; $1800.00 (€1566.00)
Mytilene, , c. 377 - 326 B.C.
Mytilene was famous in ancient times for its great output of coins struck from the late 6th through mid - 4th centuries B.C. The usual was the hekte (1/6th ). Warwick noted in the British Museum Catalog, "The Sixths of [this series] form one of the most beautiful coin-series of the ancient world. This will be evident from a glance."SH73442. hekte, Em. 99; 321; 1729; 1025; 1735; 5631, gVF, , minor die wear, 2.564 g, maximum 10.5 mm, 0o, Mytilene mint, c. 377 - 326 B.C.; of right, wearing wreath and , two stars flanking cap; of right in linear square; ex XVII (6 - 7 Jan 2015), lot 599; ex CNG auction 72 (14 Jun 2006), lot 714; $1300.00 (€1131.00)
, February - 9 March 69 A.D.
The second issue of is characterized by the missing M in the and a changed coiffure. This combined with the serene portrait makes this particular die one of the nicest ones available.SH72955. Silver , 10, 15, 19, 11, 2163, VF, portrait, nicely , on a , 3.475 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 180o, Rome mint, Feb - 9 Mar 69 A.D.; IMP , right; , standing left, wreath in right, long in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex CNG, ex J. ; ; $1200.00 (€1044.00)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre,
Dido, the founder and first queen of , is primarily known from Virgil's Aeneid. Upon succeeding their father as of Tyre, Dido's brother Pygmalion had her husband Sichaeus killed in a plot to seize his immense wealth. Dido, with a large group of friends and followers, escaped Tyre, carrying with them all of Sichaeus? treasure. As depicted on the of this coin, Dido made a sacrifice at the temple of Melqart-Hercules before leaving. The on some other Valerian types, we know of one example struck with this same die, depict Dido in beginning construction.
RP75357. Bronze , Unpublished in the many references examined by , cf. 2354 ( and ), 2503 (same), VF, , porous, adjustment marks, 11.064 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 180o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and right; COL TVRO MET, Dido standing right, on , extending both toward a temple of Melqart-Hercules in perspective to upper right, club within the temple, flaming column at her feet, shell on right below temple; from the J. Collection; the best of the few examples of the known to ; extremely ; $1100.00 (€957.00)
Seleucid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C.
Seleucus founded the Seleucid dynasty and the Seleucid Empire which ruled until Pompey made a Roman province in 63 B.C. After Alexander's death, Seleucus was made of Babylon. forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He added and Media to his territory and defeated both and . He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.
SH75318. Silver ON RESERVE
, I 13.2, 2, 923, 8, aEF, magnificent high-relief , a example of the finest Hellenistic art, 17.046 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 300 - 281 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Zeus enthroned left, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, offering wreath in right hand, long vertical behind in left, left; $950.00 (€826.50)
Mytilene, , c. 454 - 427 B.C.
Mytilene revolted against Athens in 428 B.C. but was overcome by an Athenian expeditionary force. The Athenian public assembly voted to massacre all the men of the city and to sell the women and children into slavery but changed its mind the next day. A fast trireme sailed the 186 nautical miles (344 km) in less than a day and brought the decision to cancel the massacre.SH73118. hekte, Em. 52; 978, gVF, slightly off center, 2.546 g, maximum 10.8 mm, 0o, Mytilene mint, c. 454 - 427 B.C.; young male right, hair in band; wreathed male right, wearing long beard, in square; ex CNG auction 342, lot 272; $900.00 (€783.00)
Persian Empire, Carian Satrapy, Pixodaros, c. 340 - 335 B.C.
Pixodarus was the youngest of the three sons of , all of whom successively ruled. To secure the friendship of , of , Pixodarus offered his eldest daughter in marriage to his Philip's son Arrhidaeus. Arrhidaeus' ambitious younger brother, Alexander (later Alexander the Great) offered himself instead. Pixodarus eagerly agreed but Philip put an end to the scheme. Pixodarus died, apparently a natural death, before Alexander landed in in 334 B.C. and was succeeded by his Persian son-in-law Orontobates.SH90963. Silver , 597; 2375; 280; 891; 2913; p. 185, 5 ff.; 6608; 4966, gVF, some nicks or flaws, some pitting, , 7.000 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 0o, Mylasa mint, c. 340 - 335 B.C.; of facing slightly right; ΠIΞΩ∆APOY, standing right, (double-headed axe) over shoulder in right, lotus-tipped vertical in left; $870.00 (€756.90)
, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D.
was the first emperor who was not of Senatorial rank, his birth was obscure, and he had never distinguished himself in any matter of public service. Rumors soon spread that he was born a slave, was trained as gladiator, and was complicit in Caracalla's murder. Doomed from the moment his father took the purple, paid with his life for his father's hubris.SL70860. Silver , 102a, 87, 3, 7449, NGC Ch XF, strike 5/5, surface 4/5 (4161195-005), 2.79 g, maximum 20.3 mm, 0o, Rome mint, as , 11 Apr 217 - mid May 218 A.D.; M ANT DIADVMENIAN , bare-headed, draped and right; , standing slightly left, right, in military dress, in right, short in left, two grounded standards behind on right; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; ; $800.00 (€696.00)
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