, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.
Vitellius' children, portrayed on this , thought to have been named and , were born to his second wife, Galeria Fundana. When was made emperor by the senate, his son, who was about six years old, was sent to to meet him upon his arrival from Germany. The boy may have perished with his father, others say he was executed in 70, on orders of the praetorian prefect Licinius Mucianus. arranged an excellent marriage for Vitellius' daughter and provided her with a wedding gown and dowry. had another son, Petronianus, by his first wife. He died long before became emperor. It was widely believed that had poisoned him.SH77008. Silver , 103, 2, 29, 62, -, -, attractive gVF, , old cabinet , as usual for the , light marks and scratches, closed , 3.208 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, late Apr - 20 Dec 69 A.D.; A IMP TR P, laureate right; IMP GERMAN, draped busts of Vitellius' son (on left) and daughter (thought to have been named and ); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very ; $8000.00 (€7120.00)
Kelenderis, , c. 425 - 350 B.C.
Kelenderis was a town, one of the oldest in , described in Hellenistic and Roman sources as a small, but strong castle. The rider on the may be , who was not only a horse trainer but also the protector of sailors, an appropriate for a town.
SH70330. Silver , 23 (same dies); 83 (same dies); 5631 (same dies); p. 54, 20 ff. var. (no ); 66 var. (same), VF, , , light , 10.685 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 270o, Kelenderis mint, c. 425 - 350 B.C.; nude horseman facing sidesaddle on horse rearing right, whip in right; KEΛEN, goat kneeling right, looking back, right in ; $1400.00 (€1246.00)
, , Tyrant Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of and later most of . Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.SH79280. Silver ON RESERVE
, 40 (O7/R23), 39 (same dies), 701, 1479, 460, 1348 (S), -, -, gVF, classical , excellent centering on a , , flaw on , 16.954 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 270o, mint, c. 317 - 310/305 B.C.; of (or Arethusa) left, crowned with grain, wearing triple-drop earrings and a pearl necklace, surrounded by three dolphins, NI below; galloping left, young charioteer wearing long , in right hand, reins in left hand, triskeles above; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN over AI in ; ex Numismatik, auction 6 (9 March 2011), lot 345; ; $1220.00 (€1085.80)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre,
Dido, the founder and first queen of , is primarily known from Virgil's Aeneid. Upon succeeding their father as of Tyre, Dido's brother Pygmalion had her husband Sichaeus killed in a plot to seize his immense wealth. Dido, with a large group of friends and followers, escaped Tyre, carrying with them all of Sichaeus' treasure. As depicted on the of this coin, Dido made a sacrifice at the temple of Melqart-Hercules before leaving. The on some other Valerian types, we know of one example struck with this same die, depict Dido in beginning construction.
RP75357. Bronze , Unpublished in the many references examined by , cf. 2354 ( and ), 2503 (same), VF, , porous, adjustment marks, 11.064 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 180o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and right; COL TVRO MET, Dido standing right, on , extending both toward a temple of Melqart-Hercules in perspective to upper right, club within the temple, flaming column at her feet, shell on right below temple; from the J. Collection; the best of the few examples of the known to ; extremely ; $800.00 (€712.00)
, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D.
was the son of , made at the age of nine in 217 A.D. and in 218. After his father's defeat he fled towards but was overtaken and executed.SH77397. Silver , 107.1a (S), 12; 1, cf. p. 508, M82 ( , but noted); -, NGC AU (about uncirculated) (3819479-44); full centering, mint luster, 2.935 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 0o, Rome mint, as , 11 Apr 217 - mid May 218 A.D.; M DIADVMENIANVS , bare-headed and draped right, from behind; (prince of youth), standing slightly left, left, in military dress, baton in right hand, nearly vertical in left hand, legionary and standing in ground behind him on right; certified (slabbed) by NGC; ex FORVM (2009); ; $750.00 (€667.50)
, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.
In July 69, learned that the armies of the eastern provinces had proclaimed their commander, , as emperor. , aware that he would be defeated, negotiated terms of resignation, but the praetorians refused to allow him to carry out the agreement, and forced him to return to the palace. When Vespasian's troops entered Rome he was dragged out of a lodge where he was hiding, taken to the fatal Gemonian stairs, and executed. His body was thrown into the according to Suetonius; Cassius Dio's account is that was beheaded and his paraded around Rome, and his wife attended to his burial. "Yet I was once your emperor," were his last words. His brother and son were also killed.SH72950. Silver , 107 (S), 72, 34, 71, 17, 2200, gVF/VF, bold portrait, nice , a few minor marks, 3.055 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 180o, Rome mint, Jul - 20 Dec 69 A.D.; A , laureate right; , seated right on throne with back, veiled, draped, in right hand, long in left hand vertical on left (far) side; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Baldwin & Sons (2009); ; $720.00 (€640.80)
, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
is the personification of valor and courage. Valor was, of course, essential for the success of a Roman emperor and was one of the embodiments of virtues that were of the Imperial cult. During his joint reign with his father, proved his courage in battle; but his failure to liberate his father from Persian captivity was perceived as cowardice and a disgrace to the Emperor and Empire. It was not, however, actually fear that prevented a rescue. While others mourned Valerian's fate, rejoiced in his new sovereignty.RB76153. , 38dd, 248, 1293, 33, 10495, Nice gVF, excellent portrait, green , cutting off much , 10.962 g, maximum 25.3 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 253 - 255 A.D.; IMP C GALLIENVS AVG, laureate and right; , standing left, wearing crested helmet and military garb, right resting hand on grounded , inverted spear vertical behind in left, flanking across ; $700.00 (€623.00)
Taras, , Italy, c. 272 - 240 B.C.
Taras, the only Spartan colony, was founded in 706 B.C. The founders were Partheniae ("sons of virgins"), sons of unmarried Spartan women and Perioeci (free men, but not citizens of Sparta). These out-of-wedlock unions were permitted to increase the prospective number of soldiers (only the citizens could be soldiers) during the bloody Messenian wars. Later, however, when they were no longer needed, their citizenship was retroactively nullified and the sons were obliged to leave forever. Their leader, Phalanthus, consulted the oracle at and was told to make the harbor of Taranto their home. They named the city Taras after the son of Poseidon, and of a local nymph, Satyrion. The depicts Taras being saved from a shipwreck by a sent to him by Poseidon. This symbol of the ancient Greek city is the symbol of modern Taranto today.SH75331. Silver nomos, 927, 890, 1037, gVF, , on a , , some marks, scratches, and light corrosion, 6.332 g, maximum 18.7 mm, Taras (Taranto, Italy) mint, c. 272 - 240 BC; |−HPAK/ΛHTOΣ below, helmeted and warrior on horseback right, on his back, transverse spear downward in right hand; TAPAΣ, Phalanthos on left, flower in extended right, in left hand, EΓ and (incense burner) behind; $670.00 (€596.30)
Phokaia, , c. 477 - 388 B.C.
Phocaea, or Phokaia, was the northernmost city, on the boundary with . The Phocaeans were the first Greeks to make long sea-voyages, developed a thriving seafaring economy, became a great naval power, and founded the colonies Massalia (Marseille, France), Emporion (Empúries, Spain) and Elea (Velia, Italy). They remained independent until all of mainland fell to Croesus of (c. 560-545 B.C.). In 546 B.C., was conquered by Cyrus the Great of . After the Greeks defeated Xerxes I, Phocaea joined the Delian League, but later rebelled with the rest of . In 387 B.C., Phocaea returned to Persian control. After Alexander, it fell under Seleucid, then Attalid, and finally Roman rule.
SH79729. hekte, 93b; 1921; 7954; p. 212, 63; -, aVF, attractive , , light bumps and scratches, closed crack, 2.524 g, maximum 10.0 mm, Phocaea mint, c. 477 - 388 B.C.; of a female (nymph?) left, wearing drop earring, wavy hair on forehead and before ear, covering most of hair including , small seal behind; quadripartite square; $660.00 (€587.40)
Kingdom of , Prusias II , 185 - 149 B.C.
Prusias II, son of Prusias I, inherited his father's name but not his character. He first joined with Eumenes of in war against , but later turned on and invaded. He was defeated and demanded heavy reparations. Prusias sent his son Nicomedes II to Rome to ask for aid in reducing the payments. When Nicomedes revolted, Prusias II was murdered in the temple of Zeus at Nikomedia.SH71000. Bronze AE 22, 640; p. 210, 8; 256 var. ( ); 26; 629; 7266, VF, nice , 6.393 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 0o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 180 - 150 B.C.; of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY, standing right, playing , his cloak flying behind, NΦ inner right under raised foreleg; $640.00 (€569.60)
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