, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Rough Irregular "Typeless"
Some sales catalogs describe similar coins as the striated . The roughly parallel lines on the striated appear to be impressed into the "obverse" by lines cut into the anvil. On this coin, it appears the rough irregular "typeless" surface is simply flattened rough pre-strike features from the raw irregular nugget-like "planchet." Based on the apparent wear on the punch, huge numbers of this may have been struck. Very few have survived. This is the first example handled by .SH77378. 1/24 , cf. 7768, 682, I 14 -15, -, -, VF, 0.647 g, maximum 5.7 mm, uncertain mint, 650 - 600 B.C.; flattened rough irregular "typeless" surface; roughly square pyramidal punch with striated sides, divided roughly in half by a raised irregular line, striated sides and the irregular line appear to be the result of wear; very ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
Unpublished in the references but several known from auction listings.SH77380. hemihekte, Lydo-Milesian ; cf. CNG auction (9 Mar 2016), lot 156 (same dies); 9 ; -; I -; -, VF, light marks, 1.189 g, maximum 7.2 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 BC; crude beetle(?); irregular six-lobed pattern; very ; $970.00 (€863.30)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, Aes Formatum, 4th Century B.C.
Called aes formatum by , this very bronze currency was a precursor to the issues of but later than . Presumably, molten bronze-iron was poured into a shallow hole in the dirt. This left a disc-shaped metal mound with a flat . Broken examples are much more common than ones like this.
RR79287. Cast bronze Aes Formatum, p. 4, pl. 2.7, green with heavy earthen deposits, 850 g, maximum 121 mm, Italian mint, 4th century B.C.; convex ; flat ; very ; $900.00 (€801.00)
Persian Empire, Dynasts of , Kherei, c. 440 - 410 B.C.
had a single monarch, who ruled the entire country, subject to Persian policy, from a palace at Xanthos. The monarchy was hereditary, hence the term "dynast" has come into use among English-speaking scholars. Lycian inscriptions indicate the monarch was titled khntawati. The names of the dynasts are known mostly from coin inscriptions.SH83587. Silver , 1-6 (same die); CNG mail bid 69, lot 472 (same dies, die also very worn); -; -; -, Fair/gVF, , , struck with a very worn die, 8.860 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 180o, Xanthos mint, c. 440 - 410 B.C.; bull crouching left with raised, attacked by right leaping on its back; bull standing left, Lycian triskeles above, dotted , all within square; ex Numismatics e-sale 21, lot 359; extremely ; $800.00 (€712.00)
Athens, , Old , c. 454 - 404 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.SH72559. Silver , 31, 49, 8, 1611, 519, 1597, 1611, 2526, VF, , high relief, test cuts, 17.117 g, maximum 25.5 mm, 270o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; ex (2007); $720.00 (€640.80)
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Plain Globular
This is an example of the very earliest form of coinage; a type-less (blank) globule, weighed to a specific , with a simple square punch mark on one side (two or three punch marks on larger denominations). Nine similar pieces were within the famous "Artemision Find" at in 1904.SH79829. 1/12 , 676; 7763; 324; cf. II p. 19, 13 and pl. 1, 11 (striated ); -, VF, 1.141 g, maximum 7.6 mm, 180o, uncertain mint, period of the Artemision Find, c. 650 - 600 B.C.; plain flattened globular surface; roughly square pyramidal punch; $720.00 (€640.80)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
The referenced coins are not very similar. It might be more appropriate to describe this coin as unpublished but perhaps the pattern is purely random and it is from the same mint and issue as the or Von Aulock coin.SH76827. 1/24 , cf. 688, 7768, (neither very similar), -, -, I -, -, -, VF, 0.710 g, maximum 6.8 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; random(?) pattern of shapes and pellets; a roughly square punch with a central pellet surrounded by a random(?) pattern of curved lines; $640.00 (€569.60)
Phokaia, , c. 477 - 388 B.C.
Phocaea, or Phokaia, was the northernmost city, on the boundary with . The Phocaeans were the first Greeks to make long sea-voyages, developed a thriving seafaring economy, became a great naval power, and founded the colonies Massalia (Marseille, France), Emporion (Empúries, Spain) and Elea (Velia, Italy). They remained independent until all of mainland fell to Croesus of (c. 560-545 B.C.). In 546 B.C., was conquered by Cyrus the Great of . After the Greeks defeated Xerxes I, Phocaea joined the Delian League, but later rebelled with the rest of . In 387 B.C., Phocaea returned to Persian control. After Alexander, it fell under Seleucid, then Attalid, and finally Roman rule.SH79729. hekte, 93b; 1921; 7954; p. 212, 63; -, aVF, attractive , , light bumps and scratches, closed crack, 2.524 g, maximum 10.0 mm, Phocaea mint, c. 477 - 388 B.C.; of a female (nymph?) left, wearing drop earring, wavy hair on forehead and before ear, covering most of hair including , small seal behind; quadripartite square; $590.00 (€525.10)
, c. 625 - 600 B.C.
SH77549. 1/24 , 51, cf. 269 (hemihekte) and 309 (1/96th ), Weidauer-, -, -, VF, , bumps and marks, earthen deposits, 0.537 g, maximum 5.5 mm, uncertain mint, c. 625 - 600 B.C.; raised square; square punch; $540.00 (€480.60)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 230 B.C.
In 230 B.C., Rome sent envoys to the Illyrian Queen Teuta to obtain her aid in ending attacks and murders of Roman merchants by Illyrian pirates. After the Roman ambassador Coruncanius and the Issaean ambassador Cleemporus offended Queen Teuta, the were murdered at sea by her soldiers. In response, Roman forces occupied the island of Corcyra with the aim of humbling Teuta.SH77477. (cast) , Libral ; 68; 328; 24/5; 33; pp. 60-61, 1-76 pl. 25, 8-11, gF, nice green , pitting, marks, 58.717 g, maximum 40.2 mm, Rome mint, c. 230 B.C.; horse prancing left, two pellets above and two pellets bellow (mark of value); wheel of six spokes, four pellets (mark of value) between spokes; From the Andrew McCabe Collection; very ; $540.00 (€480.60)
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