, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Rough Irregular "Typeless"
Some sales catalogs describe similar coins as the striated . The roughly parallel lines on the striated appear to be impressed into the "obverse" by lines cut into the anvil. On this coin, it appears the rough irregular "typeless" surface is simply flattened rough pre-strike features from the raw irregular nugget-like "planchet." Based on the apparent wear on the punch, huge numbers of this may have been struck. Very few have survived. This is the first example handled by .SH77378. 1/24 , cf. 7768, 682, I 14 -15, -, -, VF, 0.647 g, maximum 5.7 mm, uncertain mint, 650 - 600 B.C.; flattened rough irregular "typeless" surface; roughly square pyramidal punch with striated sides, divided roughly in half by a raised irregular line, striated sides and the irregular line appear to be the result of wear; very ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
Unpublished in the references but several known from auction listings.SH77380. hemihekte, Lydo-Milesian ; cf. CNG auction (9 Mar 2016), lot 156 (same dies); 9 ; -; I -; -, VF, light marks, 1.189 g, maximum 7.2 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 BC; crude beetle(?); irregular six-lobed pattern; very ; $970.00 (€863.30)
Persian Empire, Dynasts of , Kherei, c. 440 - 410 B.C.
had a single monarch, who ruled the entire country, subject to Persian policy, from a palace at Xanthos. The monarchy was hereditary, hence the term "dynast" has come into use among English-speaking scholars. Lycian inscriptions indicate the monarch was titled khntawati. The names of the dynasts are known mostly from coin inscriptions.SH83587. Silver , 1-6 (same die); CNG mail bid 69, lot 472 (same dies, die also very worn); -; -; -, Fair/gVF, , , struck with a very worn die, 8.860 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 180o, Xanthos mint, c. 440 - 410 B.C.; bull crouching left with raised, attacked by right leaping on its back; bull standing left, Lycian triskeles above, dotted , all within square; ex Numismatics e-sale 21, lot 359; extremely ; $800.00 (€712.00)
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Plain Globular
This is an example of the very earliest form of coinage; a type-less (blank) globule, weighed to a specific , with a simple square punch mark on one side (two or three punch marks on larger denominations). Nine similar pieces were within the famous "Artemision Find" at in 1904.SH79829. 1/12 , 676; 7763; 324; cf. II p. 19, 13 and pl. 1, 11 (striated ); -, VF, 1.141 g, maximum 7.6 mm, 180o, uncertain mint, period of the Artemision Find, c. 650 - 600 B.C.; plain flattened globular surface; roughly square pyramidal punch; $720.00 (€640.80)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
The referenced coins are not very similar. It might be more appropriate to describe this coin as unpublished but perhaps the pattern is purely random and it is from the same mint and issue as the or Von Aulock coin.SH76827. 1/24 , cf. 688, 7768, (neither very similar), -, -, I -, -, -, VF, 0.710 g, maximum 6.8 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; random(?) pattern of shapes and pellets; a roughly square punch with a central pellet surrounded by a random(?) pattern of curved lines; $640.00 (€569.60)
Phokaia, , c. 477 - 388 B.C.
Phocaea, or Phokaia, was the northernmost city, on the boundary with . The Phocaeans were the first Greeks to make long sea-voyages, developed a thriving seafaring economy, became a great naval power, and founded the colonies Massalia (Marseille, France), Emporion (Empúries, Spain) and Elea (Velia, Italy). They remained independent until all of mainland fell to Croesus of (c. 560-545 B.C.). In 546 B.C., was conquered by Cyrus the Great of . After the Greeks defeated Xerxes I, Phocaea joined the Delian League, but later rebelled with the rest of . In 387 B.C., Phocaea returned to Persian control. After Alexander, it fell under Seleucid, then Attalid, and finally Roman rule.SH79729. hekte, 93b; 1921; 7954; p. 212, 63; -, aVF, attractive , , light bumps and scratches, closed crack, 2.524 g, maximum 10.0 mm, Phocaea mint, c. 477 - 388 B.C.; of a female (nymph?) left, wearing drop earring, wavy hair on forehead and before ear, covering most of hair including , small seal behind; quadripartite square; $590.00 (€525.10)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 230 B.C.
In 230 B.C., Rome sent envoys to the Illyrian Queen Teuta to obtain her aid in ending attacks and murders of Roman merchants by Illyrian pirates. After the Roman ambassador Coruncanius and the Issaean ambassador Cleemporus offended Queen Teuta, the were murdered at sea by her soldiers. In response, Roman forces occupied the island of Corcyra with the aim of humbling Teuta.SH77477. (cast) , Libral ; 68; 328; 24/5; 33; pp. 60-61, 1-76 pl. 25, 8-11, gF, nice green , pitting, marks, 58.717 g, maximum 40.2 mm, Rome mint, c. 230 B.C.; horse prancing left, two pellets above and two pellets bellow (mark of value); wheel of six spokes, four pellets (mark of value) between spokes; From the Andrew McCabe Collection; very ; $540.00 (€480.60)
, , 450 - 440 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on , but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.GI76829. Cast bronze trias, I, p. 143, 1; pl. I, 1; 61; 1015; 832; 126 (R1);, VF, green , earthen deposits, some light corrosion, 16.186 g, mint, 450 - 440 B.C.; cast near tooth-shaped flattened form, four pellets on flat top, sea-eagle standing left on one side, crab opposite; ; $400.00 (€356.00)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
Both the die and the punch used to strike this coin had breaks and significant wear. Perhaps the die was always abstract or geometric, or perhaps it started as something more recognizable. If the irregular raised lines and shapes are not entirely the result of die wear, the wear is so great that we cannot determine what it once was. The number of types, dies and the die wear on many types suggest that the total number of coins struck in this archaic period many have been in the millions. The low survival rate indicates that in the following years most were melted, refined, and probably recycled into gold and silver coins.SH79808. 1/24 , 280, 688, 7768, -, -, -, VF, struck with worn dies (typical for the ), 0.537 g, maximum 5.79 mm, 90o, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; irregular raised lines and shapes; rough irregular square punch, irregular shapes within; very ; $270.00 (€240.30)
Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Mygdones or Krestones, c. 480 - 470 B.C.
Previously attributed to , , Cathy has reattributed these coins as tribal issues from an or southwest of Bisaltia, probably inhabited by the Mygdones or Krestones.CE83467. Silver , 0 ( , same dies); 11 (same); 30 ( ); 15 ( ); 15, VF, , etched surfaces, 1.017 g, maximum 10.7 mm, 180o, tribal mint, issue 2, c. 480 - 470 B.C.; male goat half-kneeling right, turned left, pellets around; quadripartite square; $250.00 (€222.50)
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