, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., - Ferrata, the "Ironclad"
The VI Ferrata, the "Ironclad," was an old legion of Caesar's that fought for Antony. It was retained by , and later served in and . The VI , on the other hand, was one of Octavian's legions. This and issued a 'restitution' of the , presumably in connection with the latter's Eastern campaigns.SH76382. Silver , 544/19, 1223, II East 197, 33, 356, EF, near perfect centering, light , slightly uneven strike, contact marks, areas of and light corrosion, 3.664 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III •VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - VI, ( ) between two legionary standards; ex (2005); $1400.00 (€1232.00)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
In 132, a messianic, charismatic Jewish leader Simon bar Kokhba started the Bar Kokhba revolt, a war of liberation for Judea against Rome. At first the rebellion was a success. The legion X Fretensis was forced to retreat from Jerusalem to . The legion XXII Deiotariana, which advanced from , was destroyed. The Jews re-established their sacrifices and struck coins to celebrate their independence. The rebellion would last for only 30 months. By 135, the Romans had recaptured Jerusalem, Simon bar Kokhba was dead, and the majority of the Jewish population of Judea was either killed, exiled, or sold into slavery. Jerusalem was renamed and an to Jupiter was erected on the site of the Temple. The Jews remained scattered without a homeland for close to two millennia.
SH73703. Copper as, 1459, 719(d), 659, 478 var. (draped), -, gVF, , excellent portrait, green , areas of , 10.412 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 132 - 135 A.D.; HADRIANVS , laureate right; FELICITATI AVG, war galley rowed left over waves, mast with furled sail on prow, five oarsmen, steersman under an arched shelter and at stern, flanking ship, P P in ; ex Tom Cederlind; $700.00 (€616.00)
and , Second Triumvirate, 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate of to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's ; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $680.00 (€598.40)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG II
This may have been II , disbanded by . The well-known II Augusta, which took in the conquest of Britain and was later stationed in South Wales, was one of Octavian's legions, and so not likely to be the Second Legion referred to on this coin. Other Second Legions (Adiutrix, , Parthica and Traiana) were raised much later in imperial times.SH76924. Silver , 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27, 349, gVF, well struck, , , marks and scratches, 3.521 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - II, ( ) between two legionary standards; ex Inferior Numismatics; $550.00 (€484.00)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $480.00 (€422.40)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG XII
This old Caesarean legion was known at different times as , Antiquae, Paterna and finally XII Fulminata ('the thunderers'). Its veterans settled (among other places) in Patras in . After fighting without great distinction in the First Jewish Revolt, the legion was transferred to Melitene in , where it remained for several hundred years.RR76782. Silver , 544/20, 1224, II East 198, 34, VF, , contact marks, , 3.561 g, maximum 19.3 mm, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XII, ( ) between two legionary standards; $450.00 (€396.00)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Adventus types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign, or on his return from a distance. In 202, (and ) returned to Rome after a five year absence. Festivals were held to celebrate his six year reign. This might have been minted either after their return or in advance to advertise they were travelling by sea and would be in Rome soon.RS74406. Silver , 120 (S); 3; p. 205, 267; 6790; -, VF, nice , cute boy portrait, fantastic galley, excellent centering, , tiny cracks, 3.465 g, maximum 18.7 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 201 - 202 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, boy's laureate and draped right; ADVENT , war galley left on waves, ram, and at the bow, five oarsmen and a steersman, three persons seated in the steersman's cabin, two standards and at the stern; ; $400.00 (€352.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG XIX
This LEG XIX was probably raised by Antony and disbanded by . The old Caesarean legions XVII, XVIII and XIX were destroyed with Scribonius Curio in in 49 B.C., by ( ), and then destroyed again in Germany under Quinctilius Varus in 9 A.D.SH76755. Silver , 544/35, 1242, II East 214, 55, VF, , scuff on galley, some deposits in devices, 3.225 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III•VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XIX, ( ) between two legionary standards; ex CNG auction 146 (23 Aug 2006), lot 200; $350.00 (€308.00)
, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
A skilled general and administrator, rebelled against , uniting Gaul, Spain and Britain into a Gallic-Roman empire. Successful against the Germans, he kept his empire secure and prosperous. He was assassinated by his own troops after he refused to allow them to sack Moguntiacum (Mainz).SH66364. Bronze , 87, 143 ( ), 177, VF, 13.981 g, maximum 30.7 mm, 0o, Agrippinensis or mint, 261 A.D.; IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS , , draped and right; (AVG in ), galley left, four rowers and steersman; $330.00 (€290.40)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG III
This legion was probably Caesar's old III Gallica, which fought for Antony. Another possibility is III , which was perhaps taken over from . The III Augusta was probably an legion.RS73643. Silver , 544/15, 1217, II East 193, 28, 350, aVF, 3.378 g, maximum 17.9 mm, ,180o, (?) mint, fall 32 - spring 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - III, ( ) between two legionary standards; $300.00 (€264.00)
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