, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
In 132, a messianic, charismatic Jewish leader Simon bar Kokhba started the Bar Kokhba revolt, a war of liberation for Judea against Rome. At first the rebellion was a success. The legion X Fretensis was forced to retreat from Jerusalem to . The legion XXII Deiotariana, which advanced from , was destroyed. The Jews re-established their sacrifices and struck coins to celebrate their independence. The rebellion would last for only 30 months. By 135, the Romans had recaptured Jerusalem, Simon bar Kokhba was dead, and the majority of the Jewish population of Judea was either killed, exiled, or sold into slavery. Jerusalem was renamed and an to Jupiter was erected on the site of the Temple. The Jews remained scattered without a homeland for close to two millennia.
SH73703. Copper as, 1459, 719(d), 659, 478 var. (draped), -, gVF, , excellent portrait, green , areas of , 10.412 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 132 - 135 A.D.; HADRIANVS , laureate right; FELICITATI AVG, war galley rowed left over waves, mast with furled sail on prow, five oarsmen, steersman under an arched shelter and at stern, flanking ship, P P in ; ex Tom Cederlind; $700.00 (€616.00)
and Divus , , 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate of Divus to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's ; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $610.00 (€536.80)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG II
This may have been II , disbanded by . The well-known II Augusta, which took in the conquest of Britain and was later stationed in South Wales, was one of Octavian's legions, and so not likely to be the Second Legion referred to on this coin. Other Second Legions (Adiutrix, , Parthica and Traiana) were raised much later in imperial times.SH76924. Silver , 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27, 349, gVF, well struck, , , marks and scratches, 3.521 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - II, ( ) between two legionary standards; ex Inferior Numismatics; $550.00 (€484.00)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.
SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $460.00 (€404.80)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG XII
This old Caesarean legion was known at different times as , Antiquae, Paterna and finally XII Fulminata ('the thunderers'). Its veterans settled (among other places) in Patras in . After fighting without great distinction in the First Jewish Revolt, the legion was transferred to Melitene in , where it remained for several hundred years.RR76782. Silver , 544/20, 1224, II East 198, 34, VF, , contact marks, , 3.561 g, maximum 19.3 mm, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XII, ( ) between two legionary standards; $450.00 (€396.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
Struck by Antony and at while preparing for the struggle with . Twenty-three different legions are named on coins of this issue. This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.SH77472. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, VF, , minor flaw on , light scratches, 3.401 g, maximum 17.0 mm, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $375.00 (€330.00)
, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
A skilled general and administrator, rebelled against , uniting Gaul, Spain and Britain into a Gallic-Roman empire. Successful against the Germans, he kept his empire secure and prosperous. He was assassinated by his own troops after he refused to allow them to sack Moguntiacum (Mainz).SH66364. Bronze , 87, 143 ( ), 177, VF, 13.981 g, maximum 30.7 mm, 0o, Agrippinensis or mint, 261 A.D.; IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS , , draped and right; (AVG in ), galley left, four rowers and steersman; $330.00 (€290.40)
, Seleukos, in Babylon, 311 - 306 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Struck in the name of Alexander, this coin also bears the personal badge of Seleukos, an . Seleukos was first appointed in in 320 B.C. but was put to flight by in 315. He returned in 311 only to be forced to evacuate later that year by a counterattack by Antigonus' son, Demetrius. Not long after, however, Seleukos again recovered the city.SH60135. Silver , I 293, 3449 (Marthus), 1512, aVF/F, 16.601 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 225o, uncertain mint, c. 311 - 305 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, flukes up flanked by ∆ - I in left , under throne; $290.00 (€255.20)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from ) and its distribution to the people. By the Code De Naviculariis, the mariners appointed to carry grain from could be executed if they did not keep the proper course; and if they did not sail in the proper season, the master of the vessel would be banished.
RB77262. , 323bD, 118, 492, 782, 469, 3195 var. (no drapery), VF, , green , areas of corrosion, encrustations, 24.470 g, maximum 34.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 108 - 110 A.D.; NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P P, laureate right, drapery on left shoulder; , standing left, grain in right, in left hand, filled with stalks of grain at feet on left, ship's stern decorated with garland right, flanking across ; $280.00 (€246.40)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG III
This legion was probably Caesar's old III Gallica, which fought for Antony. Another possibility is III , which was perhaps taken over from . The III Augusta was probably an legion.RR73643. Silver , 544/15, 1217, II East 193, 28, 350, aVF, 3.378 g, maximum 17.9 mm, ,180o, (?) mint, fall 32 - spring 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - III, ( ) between two legionary standards; $270.00 (€237.60)
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