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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
Beautiful Roman gold! RIC in error does not identify the drapery on left shoulder. This type was issued prior to the emperor's expedition against the Sassanid Persians. The type with Annona combined with the legend extolling the emperor's foresight (Providentia Augusti) seems to be intended to reassure that the people's interests would not be forgotten during his absence from the capital.SH08970. Gold aureus, BMCRE VI p. 196, 812; RIC IV 251 var.; Calico 3133 (R2); Cohen IV 507 var.; SRCV II 7838, Choice EF, weight 5.61 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 231 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia (or Annona) standing left, holding stalks of grain over modius and anchor; Sear graded as "attractive EF and rare"; very rare; SOLD
Metapontion, Lucania, Italy, 334 - 330 B.C.
Gold coins of Magna Graecia are scarce and were only minted for exceptional occasions, such as paying mercenaries. Most likely this rare issue was struck when Alexander Molossus, the Epirote King, helped Metapontion against the Lucanians and Bruttians. Molossus was Alexander the Great's uncle and Olympia's brother.SH86428. Gold 1/3 stater, SNG Lockett 406; SNG ANS 395; HN Italy 1578; Noe-Johnston 3, G1 and pl. 18; SNG Lloyd -; SNG Cop -; Jameson -; Gulbenkian -; Pozzi -; Weber -, aVF+, fine style, marks, reverse double struck, weight 2.574 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 180o, Metapontion (Metaponto, Italy) mint, c. 334 - 332 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter right, wearing stephane and pendant earring; reverse METAΠON, barley stalk, bird right on leaf to right; ex Forum (2007), ex Christie's Auction (1993) ; very rare; SOLD
The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.
Discontent and inept rule led to open rebellion in 66 A.D. The Romans, distracted by the Civil Wars following the death of Nero, were unable to put a speedy end to the revolt. But in 70 A.D., Titus captured and sacked Jerusalem and destroyed the temple.SH33191. Silver shekel, Hendin 1358, aEF, weight 14.324 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, year 2, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse "Shekel of Israel" in Hebrew, Omer cup with pearled rim, date above (year 2); reverse Paleo-Hebrew: Jerusalem the Holy, stem with three pomegranates; SOLD
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
SH37561. Gold aureus, RIC II-1 Vesp. 918; BMCRE II 196; BnF III 171; SRCV I 2619, gF, light scratches, weight 7.165 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 76 - 77 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right; reverse COS IIII, cornucopia with grain and fruits; SOLD
Cyrene, North Africa, c. 500 - 480 B.C.
The Valentine Coin! Silphium, which is now extinct, was so critical to the Kyrenian economy that most of their coins depict it. The plant was used as a spice and to treat all kinds of maladies including cough, sore throat, fever, indigestion, pain, and warts. It was so widely used as a contraceptive that it was worth its weight in denarii. The traditional heart shape, the symbol of love, is probably derived from the shape of the silphium seed due to the use of silphium as a contraceptive.
"By the next day this maiden and all her girlish apparel had disappeared, and in the room were found images of the Dioscuri, a table, and silphium upon it." - Description of Greece, Pausanias 3.16.3, 2nd Century A.D.SH15373. Silver drachm, Traité I, pl. 63, 15; BMC Cyrenaica 36; ex Leu 22, 1979, 181, gVF, weight 2.562 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 90o, obverse two Silphium fruits set on a base, pedicels coinciding, pellet above and below; reverse Silphium fruit in an incuse square, pellet in each corner; very rare; SOLD
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Cyzicus, Mysia
This is the finest of only two specimens of this type known to Forum, the other example in SNG Von Aulock. Although we can't quite agree, NAC graded it extremely fine.RP86162. Bronze AE 26, SNGvA suppl. 7377, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNG Tübingen -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Righetti -, SNG Leypold -, BMC Mysia -, McClean -, Mionnet -, gVF, nice dark green patina, marks, small patina chips, reverse slightly off center, weight 10.976 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 194 - 217 A.D.; obverse IOYΛIA CEBACTH, draped bust right; reverse KYZIKHNΩN NEOKOPΩN, man sitting right on rocks under a tree, milking goat standing right, goat's head turned back looking left; ex Numismatica Ars Classica auction 100 (29 May 2017), lot 1212; ex Gorny & Mosch sale 237 (7 Mar 2016), 1656; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 34 (2 Aug 2015), lot 581; extremely rare; SOLD
A remarkable type minted during the archaic period with sophistication far beyond the times. Extraordinary high relief and perfect centering.SL10764. Silver nomos, BMC Italy p. 239, 18 & 19, SGCV I 235, Noe-Johnston 158, ICG VF35 (2694650101), weight 7.46 g, maximum diameter 23 mm, die axis 0o, Metapontum mint, c. 500 B.C.; obverse META on right, head of barley, in round incuse surrounded by raised border; reverse incuse head of barley, surrounded by incuse border, IGC| Lookup; SOLD
Metapontion, Lucania, c. 550 - 530 B.C.
A rare issue from among the earliest coins of Metapontum and of Italy. The distinctive marks of Noe-Johnston Class I are the pair of tiny folioles or bracts at the base of the barley on the obverse and a border of coarse dots. These are not present on the later coinage.GA25883. Silver nomos, Noe-Johnston Class I, 11; HN Italy 1459, VF, weight 7.181 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 0o, Metapontum mint, c. 550 - 530 B.C.; obverse eight-grained barley ear, thick stem, bracts or folioles at the base, MET on left, single border of coarse dots; reverse incuse eight-grained barley and single border of coarse dots; rare; SOLD
Metapontion, Lucania, Italy, c. 290 - 280 B.C.
Demeter in Greek mythology is the goddess of grain and fertility, the pure; nourisher of the youth and the green earth, the health-giving cycle of life and death; and preserver of marriage and the sacred law. In the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, dated to about the seventh century B.C. she is invoked as the "bringer of seasons," a subtle sign that she was worshiped long before she was made one of the Olympians. She and her daughter Persephone were the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that also predated the Olympian pantheon.SH77370. Silver nomos, Johnston class D, 4.15 (same dies); SNG ANS 517; HN Italy 1625; BMC Italy -, EF, deeply struck from high relief dies of exquisite style, toned, weight 7.644 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 45o, Metapontion (Metaponto, Italy) mint, c. 290 - 280 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain, ∆ behind; reverse barley ear with six rows of grains, META on left, leaf on right, star over two amphoras above leaf, ΦI below leaf; ex Forum (2014); ex Heritage auction 231402, lot 64007 (9 Jan 2014); ex CNG auction 79 (17 Sep 2008), lot 23; ex Paul H. Gerrie Collection with tag; ex Pegasi; SOLD
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
After the Great Fire of Rome in July 64, Lugdunum sent a fortune to Rome to aid in the reconstruction. However, during the winter of 64 - 65, Lyon suffered its own catastrophic fire. Nero reciprocated, sending money to Lugdunum for their reconstruction.RB37367. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 431, Choice VF, some smoothing, weight 27.786 g, maximum diameter 35.6 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 65 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left, large globe at point of bust; reverse ANNONA AVGVSTI CERES S C, Annona standing right, right hand on hip, cornucopia in left hand, facing Ceres enthroned left, holding grain-ears and torch; in center modius on garlanded altar, prow behind; ex CNG 217, 345 (8/26/09, sold for $1045); dark green restored patina; SOLD