, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This coin declares as for the second time, consul for the third time, and . The of refers to the grain producing wealth delivered to Rome by his in . The D (and on similar coins an M) indicates this was struck to be distributed as a donativum (largess) or munus (gift) to his legions. Some may have been distributed at Caesar's quadruple triumph celebrated in 46 B.C., when celebrations included public banquets, plays and gladiatorial games, lasting forty days. Vercingetorix was paraded and executed. Also in 46 B.C., made his nephew his heir. Queen VII of , Caesar's mistress, and Caesarion, his bastard son by her, moved into one of his residences on the . They would remain in Rome as Caesar's guests until his assassination on 15 March 44 B.C.SH84609. Silver , 467/1a, 1637, 1023, 4a; 57, 21, 1403, gVF, dark , some marks and scratches, slightly off center, 3.283 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, African, (?) mint, 46 B.C.; - COS (counterclockwise from lower right, for the 2nd time, consul for the third time), of right, wreathed with grain; implements of the augurate and pontificate: (ladle), ( ), capis (jug), and (wand), ( ) above, below D (donativum = largess) to right, ( ) below; from the James Collection, purchased in 2004 from Numismatica (9A Via Barberini, Rome); $670.00 (€596.30)
Dionysopolis, Inferior, Late 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.
Dionysopolis was founded by Thracians and later colonized by who named it Krounoi. The city was renamed Dionysopolis during the second half of the 3rd century B.C., after a statue of Dionysus was found in the sea nearby. Most of the types from Dionysopolis are or . Today it is Balchik, Bulgaria, a Black Sea seaside resort town. IΦI is the only magistrate lists for this .SH75655. Bronze AE 17, Dionysopolis 5, 115 - 116, -, -, -, -, aVF, , weak center, 5.502 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 270o, Dionysopolis (Balchik, Bulgaria) mint, magistrate Iphia–, c. 3rd - 2nd century B.C.; of Demeter right wearing veil and crown made of city walls; ∆IONY / IΦIA, poppy on stalk on left, stalk of grain on right; very , unpublished until 1997; $280.00 (€249.20)
Ziz (Panormos), Punic , c. 336 - 330 B.C.
Panormos was the ancient Greek name (meaning, 'All-haven') for present day Palermo. Palermo was, however, originally a Phoenician colony and numismatists identify the city before Greek rule with the Punic name Ziz. It seems the only evidence for this ancient name is the coinage and some scholars believe that Ziz may have been another city.GI76350. Bronze AE 12, I, p. 272, 10; 1061 (R1); 5, III, pl. 44, 1362; -; -; -, gVF, dark green , light , light marks and corrosion, small edge split, 1/5 off-center, 1.975 g, maximum 12.2 mm, 0o, Ziz (Palermo, , Italy) mint, c. 336 - 330 B.C.; horse galloping right, barley-kernel above, linear ; forepart of a right, Punic above: ZIZ; all within a deep round ; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, , Italy, c. 300 - 250 B.C.
or was an important city of Magna , on a plain of extraordinary fertility on the Gulf of Tarentum, between the river Bradanus and the Casuentus (modern Basento). It was distant about 20 km from and 40 from Tarentum. The ruins of are located in the frazione of Metaponto, in the comune of Bernalda, in the Province of Matera, Basilicata region, Italy.SH70576. Bronze AE 14, 62, 574, 1261, 534, 55, 420, 232, 1698, -, gVF, nice , , 3.426 g, maximum 14.3 mm, 270o, mint, c. 300 - 250 B.C.; of Demeter right, hair rolled and wreathed with barley, wearing pendant earring; (upwards on left), of barley with leaf right, fly (bee?) on right flying right above leaf; $240.00 (€213.60)
, , Italy, c. 300 - 250 B.C.
A major feature of the festival of Karneios, celebrated in Sparta, Spartan colonies, and some cities of Magna , was the race of the staphylodromi. The staphylodromi were unmarried men, dedicated to the god for four years. During the festival they hunted a willing human victim who was adorned with woolen garlands and who had made special prayers for the city. If the victim was caught, it was a beneficial omen, but if he escaped, the city would not fare well.GI83471. Bronze AE 11, 64, 1700, cf. 587 (control), 1256 (same), 287 (same), 67 (same), VF, green , on a , adjustment marks, 1.590 g, maximum 11.2 mm, 0o, mint, c. 300 - 250 B.C.; horned of Karneios right; barley ear with leaf to right, upward on left, fly right (control symbol) above leaf upper right; $220.00 (€195.80)
, , Italy, c. 300 - 250 B.C.
or was an important city of Magna , on a plain of extraordinary fertility on the Gulf of Tarentum, between the river Bradanus and the Casuentus (modern Basento). It was distant about 20 km from and 40 from Tarentum. The ruins of are located in the frazione of Metaponto, in the comune of Bernalda, in the Province of Matera, Basilicata region, Italy.GI76341. Bronze AE 14, 59b, 421, 56, 1695, -, -, -, gVF, , , 3.014 g, maximum 13.8 mm, 270o, mint, c. 300 - 250 B.C.; of Demeter right, hair rolled and wreathed with barley, wearing pendant earring; of barley with leaf left, downward on right; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
RS77144. Silver , , 1, 972; 17; 319, 280, 2436, VF, some flatness, small edge crack, 3.382 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 77 - 78 A.D.; T , laureate right; , seated left, sack of grain in right, left elbow resting on throne behind, feet on a (prow?) footstool; $200.00 (€178.00)
, , Pyrrhos, 278 - 276 B.C.
In 279 B.C., Pyrrhus' forces, supporting the Greek cities of southern Italy, met and defeated the Romans at the battle of Asculum in . Pyrrhus, however, lost many men, several close associates, and all of his baggage. When one of his soldiers congratulated him on his , he famously replied: "Another such and we are ruined!" From this we have the term Pyrrhic , a achieved at ruinous cost.GB84500. Bronze hemilitron, p. 333, 187/3; BMC p. 113, 33 ( ); 99 ( ); 842 var. (obv owl behind); 620 var. (same, ), VF, nice , 4.355 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 180o, mint, 278 - 276 B.C.; of left, in crested Corinthian helmet; grain ear, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΠYPPOY above and below, all within oak ; ex (2014); $190.00 (€169.10)
, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.
was worshiped in Rome as the goddess who prospered the year's supply of grain. She was represented on an in the capitol. The three principal granaries of Rome were , , and the African provinces. civilis was the grain which purchased each year by the Roman state, then imported and put into storage, reserved and distributed for the subsistence of the people. militaris was grain appropriated to the use of an army during a campaign.SH72366. Silver , 26a (S), 47a; p. 501, 41; 20; 7340 var. (also ), NGC XF, strike 4/5, surface 4/5 (4160837-004), removed from plastic case; excellent portrait, 2.383 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 225o, Rome or Antioch mint, Dec 217 - 8 Jun 218 A.D.; IMP C M SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; II (high priest, tribune of the people for two years, consul, father of the country), standing left, holding two ears of grain downward in right hand over overflowing with ears of grain at feet on left, in left hand; NGC graded but removed from plastic case (slab) but with NGC tag; $180.00 (€160.20)
Tamouda, , , 1st Century B.C.
Tamuda (Tamusia) was founded by Berbers in the 3rd century B.C. There was likely a Phoenician presence in the next century, mainly for commerce. Rome occupied Tamuda during the reign of . Around 42 A.D., it was leveled by Roman garrisons during an insurrection. It was replaced with a fortified settlement, later a Roman castrum, and grew to be a major city of Tingitana. Industry included fish salting and purple dye production. The region became fully Romanized, Christian and "pacified." By the time the arrived in the fifth century the city had disappeared from history and may have already been abandoned.GB84555. Bronze AE 16, 585, 718, 242, 6653, aVF, , corrosion, 2.221 g, maximum 15.8 mm, 45o, Tamouda (near Tetouan, Morocco) mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; bearded right, neo-Punic behind : TMDT (or similar); two heads of grain, meander symbol and pellet between them; ; $180.00 (€160.20)
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