, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., ,
Mérida, Spain was founded by P. Carisius in 25 B.C., as Augusta, the name referring to the discharged soldiers who populated the city, by order of to protect a pass and a bridge over the Guadiana river. The city became an important city in the Roman Empire and the capital of province. Mérida preserves more important ancient Roman monuments than any other city in Spain (including a triumphal arch of the age of ).SH84707. Silver , 9b, 398, 291, Spain 128, 1039, 124, 1627 var. ( right), gVF, full centering on a broad , mint luster, areas, die wear, small edge cracks, 3.775 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 90o, Augusta (Merida, Spain) mint, P. Carisius, c. 25 - 23 B.C.; IMP , left; P CARISIVS (P. Carisius Legatus [ ] pro Praetore), bird's-eye view of town with walls around, inscribed above gateway in front with three battlements over two arched entrances; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; $1600.00 (€1424.00)
Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, 69 B.C.
The moneyer, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, was from , in , 23 miles east-southeast of , home of the great temple to . Her sanctuary was an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside on five vast terraces, connected with each other by grand staircases, visible even from the sea. The likely depicts a in the sanctuary. The epithet of means "Original." She was represented suckling two babes, said to be and , and she was especially worshiped by matrons. The oracle continued to be consulted down to Christian times, until Constantine the Great, and again later I, forbade the practice and closed the temple.SH76980. Silver , 3524 (same wheel control); 405/1b; 800a; 340, F, banker's mark, 3.563 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 135o, mint, 69 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, hair in net, wheel (control symbol) behind; temple , ornamented with sculpture of an anguipede (snake legged) giant holding a club(?) in his left hand, M PLAETORI (AE ) on the , S C in ; very ; $720.00 (€640.80)
, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Kyzikos,
Colossal foundations of the Temple of , sometimes ranked among the Seven Wonders of the World, are visible at Cyzicus. The columns were 21.35 meters high (about 70 feet), the highest known in the Roman Empire. Those at Baalbek in , the next highest, are only 19.35 meters (about 63 feet). Columns from both structures were recycled under Justinian I for the Hagia Sophia.RP76803. Bronze AE 26, cf. CNG e-auction 311 (25 Sep 2013), 873 (apparently otherwise unpublished), VF, nice portrait, green , about 1/5 off-center cutting of of , minor , 10.185 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 180o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 11 Apr 217 - 8 Jun 218 A.D.; AV K M OΠEΛ CEOYHP MAKPEINOC, laureate and right, seen from behind; KVZIKHNΩN NEOKO,PΩN (last three letters in ), octastyle Temple of at Cyzicus; apparently only the second known of this extremely ; $360.00 (€320.40)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., ,
(Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by , c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman , after , and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from the time of to .RP83509. Brass AE 31, 163, 1009 (R7), -, -, F, , , 15.997 g, maximum 30.8 mm, 0o, (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; AV K Λ CEΠTI - CEVHPOC Π, laureate right; AVΓOVCT-HC TRAIAN-HC, on raised platform, flanked on each side by a tree and a stag leaping outward, standing right within the temple, holding bow in left hand and drawing arrow from quiver on shoulder with right hand; big 31 mm bronze!; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, John V Palaeologus, 15 June 1341 - 16 February 1391 A.D.
John V was made emperor three days short of his ninth birthday. Anna of Savoy was appointed regent for her son. After Anna was defeated in a civil war, John V was made junior emperor to his former advisor John VI Kantakouzenos and he married John VI's daughter. John VI ignored his young colleague and in time even replaced him with his own son Matthew. John V Palaeologus obtained Genoese , overthrew his rivals, took sole rule and banished John Kantakouzenos to a monastery. John V converted to Catholicism in an attempt to obtain aid from the against the Turks, but even this failed. Without allies, the state was forced to become a vassal of the Empire, permitted to exist only by the grace of the mighty .BZ84652. Bronze , 887; 317; p. 238, 8; 2525 (assarion); -; -; -, aVF, full , edge cracks, excellent for the , 0.956 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 180o, mint, 1365 - 1369 A.D.; Saint Demetrius standing facing, , wearing tunic, breastplate, and , inverted spear vertical in right hand, resting left hand on grounded at side, flanked on each side by a long with three bars, ; emperor standing facing, wearing crown with , , , collar-piece and , staff topped with a in in right hand, model of city in left hand, (the hand of God) above, in lower right ; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., of
The mint location for the of is uncertain but it was probably . was the Roman of . made it the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the system. remained as the eastern (and most ) capital of the Roman Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Constantine resided mainly in as his interim capital for the next six years, until in 330 when he declared the nearby (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa in the vicinity of in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.RP84486. Bronze AE 21, III 1017 (3 spec.); I.2 p. 241, 38; -; -; 38; -, gF, brown , some roughness, on , die breaks, cracks, 25.115 g, maximum 33.2 mm, 180o, uncertain ( ?) mint, 2nd issue; AYT KAIC TPAI A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate right; octastyle temple (Temple of and at ?), Corinthian columns, on podium of two steps, pellet between middle columns, ornamented with a small figure holding a and sacrificing on an , KOI-NON in divided line flanking across center, BEIOYNIANC over prow right in ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex Classical Numismatic Group e-auction 349 (22 Apr 2015), lot 263; better than the RPC plate coin; very ; $240.00 (€213.60)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 278, defeated the , expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles and .RA76944. , 32 (also 3rd ); , 22, 185; 530; , p. 56-57/4; -, EF, near full , portrait, light marks, 4.097 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, 3rd , mint, emission 4, 279 A.D.; IMP PROBVS AVG, and right; ROMAE (eternal ), statue of seated facing inside a temple, left, in right, long in left hand, R pellet in crescent with horns up Γ in ; $225.00 (€200.25)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., , Coele
describes the as a "figure (?) with plumes headdress, on pedestal." The coin is worn and the "figure" is a bit taller and thinner than our , but the coin does seem to be this same .
The site of ancient (Dion, ) has not been conclusively identified. The four leading candidates for are Tell al-Husn and Edun, both near Irbid, in Jordan, Kufr Abil, near , and Tell al-Ash'ari, near the Syrian town of Der'a.RY77849. Bronze AE 22, 9 , 10 var. (legends), 10 var. (legends), -, -, -, -, aF, earthen deposit highlighting, , corrosion, 7.701 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 180o, mint, 219 - 220 A.D.; AV KAI MAV ANTWNINO, laureate and draped or youthful right, from the front; temple, flaming within under central arch, ΓΠ-C (year 283) divided above roof, ∆IHNWN in ; very ; $225.00 (€200.25)
of , c. 244 - 245 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great
The two temples and on the indicate "Two Neokorie," advertising the of held the highly prized designation "double temple guardian" of the imperial cult. The first Nekoros was awarded by . The second , indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ∆IC (double in Greek) on coins, was first received under . The title was rescinded but then later by , probably in 231 A.D.RP79978. Bronze AE 28,
very ; $220.00 (€195.80) 833; 3, p. 229, 446; -; -; -; -; -; -, gF, rough, on , 11.370 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 90o, , Beroea(?) mint, c. 244 -245 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed of Alexander the Great right; two temple fronts, / M-AKE∆-O in two lines above, B NEΩKOPΩN / EOC (Era of year 275) below;
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., ,
The site of (modern Kyustendil, Bulgaria) was settled in the Iron Age by the Thracian Dentheletes tribe. It was located near thermal springs and remains of the ancient city include a temple of Asklepios and Roman . In the 1990s, excavation of nearby 2nd century A.D. tumuli unearthed bronze surgical instruments and a small bronze case containing a variety of medicines.RP63965. Bronze AE 30, 264 (same die), 4653, -, -, aF, , 26.306 g, maximum 30.3 mm, 180o, (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, AYT K Λ CEΠTI CEYHPOC ΠEP CEB, laureate right.; HΓE K AIΛIOY ONEPATOY OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, seen in three-quarters perspective, no steps, Apollo-Bonus Eventus standing within, flanked by a tree left and another right; thick sestertius-like ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
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