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Metapontum or Metapontion was an important city of Magna Graecia, on a plain of extraordinary fertility on the Gulf of Tarentum, between the river Bradanus and the Casuentus (modern Basento). It was distant about 20 km from Heraclea and 40 from Tarentum. The ruins of Metapontum are located in the frazione of Metaponto, in the comune of Bernalda, in the Province of Matera, Basilicata region, Italy.SH20889. Bronze AE 14, Johnston Bronze 62, SNG ANS 574, SNG Cop 1261, SNG Fitzwilliam 534, SNG Forbat 55, SNG Lloyd 420, SNG Evelpidis 232, HN Italy 1698, BMC Italy -, gVF, nice style, well centered, weight 3.426 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 270o, Metapontion mint, c. 300 - 250 B.C.; obversehead of Demeter right, hair rolled and wreathed with barley, wearing pendant earring; reverseMETA (upwards on left), head of barley with leaf right, fly (bee?) on right flying right above leaf; ex FORVM (2014); $250.00 (Ä212.50)
Sardes, Lydia, c 98 - 117 A.D.
CTP in the reverselegend identifies the magistrate, Lo. Io. Libonianos, as a strategos. Strategos, plural strategoi, is Greek meaning "general." In the Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine Empires the term was also used to describe a military governor. In the modern Greek army, it is the highest officer rank.RP82728. Bronze AE 16, RPC Online III 2393 (18 spec.); SNG Cop 508; SNG Leypold 1201; SNG Tatis 757; Imhoof-Blumer LS p. 139, 13; BMC Lydia p. 246, 75; Winterthur 3917, VF, attractive dark green patina, bumps and marks, earthen deposits, weight 2.366 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, time of Trajan, c. 98 - 117 A.D; obverse CAP∆IA-NΩN, draped youthful bust of Dionysus right, wearing ivy wreath; reverse CTP ΛO IO ΛI-BΩNIANOY, filleted thyrsus, bee to right; ex Numismatic Naumann GmbH auction 60, lot 326; $165.00 (Ä140.25)
Ephesos, Ionia, c. 550 - 500 B.C.
Ephesos, on the west coast of Anatolia, was famous for its Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 B.C., one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The usual symbols of this nature-goddess and the city are the torch, stag, and the bee. Coins of Ephesos most frequently depict a bee on the obverse. The high-priest of the temple of Artemis was called the King Bee, while the virgin priestesses were called honey-bees (Melissae). Ephesus was one of the seven churches cited in the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John may have been written there. GA89328. Silver drachm, Karwiese Series V, SNG Kayhan 113 - 114, Winterthur 2901, BMC Ionia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG MŁnchen -, SNG TŁbingen -, VF, off center, porosity, weight 3.233 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, Ephesos mint, c. 550 - 500 B.C.; obverse bee seen from above, E-Φ flanking high across field; reverse irregular square rough incuse; scarce; $130.00 (Ä110.50)
Ephesos, Ionia, 305 - 288 B.C.
In 356 B.C. the temple of Artemis was burned down, according to legend, by a lunatic called Herostratus. Ephesus planned a larger, grander temple and at once started rebuilding. When Alexander the Great defeated the Persian forces at the Battle of Granicus in 334 B.C., the Greek cities of Anatolia were liberated. The pro-Persian tyrant Syrpax and his family were stoned to death, and Alexander was greeted warmly when he entered Ephesus in triumph. When Alexander saw that the temple of Artemis was not yet finished, he proposed to finance it and have his name inscribed on the front. But the Ephesians demurred, saying it was not fitting for one god to build a temple to another. GB89141. Bronze AE 15, cf. Head Ephesus p. 38; BMC Ionia, p. 54, 58 ff.; SNG Cop 247 ff.; SNG MŁnchen 35 ff. (none with this magistrate), VF, green patina, earthen deposits, porosity, weight 2.284 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, 305 - 288 B.C.; obverse bee with straight wings seen from above, E-Φ flanking high across field; reverse stag kneeling left, head turned back right, astragalos (sheep or goat knuckle bone used for divination) above, ...ΣAN∆ΠOΣ (magistrate name) downward on left; $60.00 (Ä51.00)