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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Paphlagonia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Paphlagonia

Paphlagonia was a rugged mountainous area on the Black Sea coast of north central Anatolia, between Bithynia to the west and Pontus to the east. Herodotus names the Paphlagonians among the peoples conquered by Croesus, and they sent an important contingent to the army of Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the death of Alexander the Great, it was assigned, together with Cappadocia and Mysia, to Eumenes. However, it continued to be governed by native princes until it was absorbed by Pontus. It was not until 183 B.C. that Pharnaces took Sinope under their control. From that time, the whole province was incorporated into the kingdom of Pontus until the fall of Mithridates to Rome in 65 B.C.

Sinope, Paphlagonia, c. 330 - 300 B.C.

|Paphlagonia|, |Sinope,| |Paphlagonia,| |c.| |330| |-| |300| |B.C.||drachm|
Long used as a Hittite port, Sinope was re-founded as a Greek colony by Miletus in the 7th century B.C. Sinope flourished as the Black Sea port of a caravan route that led from the upper Euphrates valley. The city escaped Persian domination until the early 4th century B.C. In 183 B.C. it was captured by Pharnaces I and became the capital of the kingdom of Pontus. Lucullus conquered Sinope for Rome in 70 B.C., and Julius Caesar established a Roman colony there, Colonia Julia Felix, in 47 B.C. It remained with the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantines). It was a part of the Empire of Trebizond from the sacking of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204 until the capture of the city by the Seljuk Turks of Rűm in 1214.
SH75322. Silver drachm, SNG BM 1484; SNG Stancomb 772; SNG Cop 284, aEF, beautifully toned, fine style, small die crack on obverse, weight 4.975 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 90o, Sinope (Sinop, Turkey) mint, c. 330 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of nymph left, hair in sakkos, wearing triple pendant earring and necklace; reverse eagle with dolphin in talons facing left, ∆IOY (magistrate's name) below wing, ΣINΩ below dolphin; ex Forum (2010), ex Baldwin & Sons, London; SOLD


Sinope, Paphlagonia, c. 330 - 300 B.C.

|Paphlagonia|, |Sinope,| |Paphlagonia,| |c.| |330| |-| |300| |B.C.||drachm|
 
SH42214. Silver drachm, SNG BM 1485; SNG Stancomb 773; Rec Gen I, p. 188, 34, aEF, weight 5.012 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Sinope (Sinop, Turkey) mint, c. 330 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of nymph left, hair in sakkos, wearing triple pendant earring and necklace; reverse eagle with dolphin in talons facing left, ∆IONY[ΣI] (magistrate's name) below wing, ΣINΩ below dolphin; beautifully toned, ex Baldwin & Sons, London; SOLD


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariarathes I, 333 - 322 B.C.

|Cappadocian| |Kingdom|, |Cappadocian| |Kingdom,| |Ariarathes| |I,| |333| |-| |322| |B.C.||drachm|
After Alexander the Great's armies passed him by, Ariarathes I, a satrap or dynast under Darius III, seized the area becoming the first king of Cappadocia. Later he attacked Antigonus and expanded into Phrygia, Pontus and Paphlagonia.

At Sinope, he maintained the city's standard nymph and eagle on a dolphin types, but replaced the Greek legends with his own Aramaic inscriptions.
SH26865. Silver drachm, BMC Pontus p. 96, 9; SNG Stancomb 761; Traité 631; SNG BM 1459, EF, weight 5.367 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Sinope (Sinop, Turkey) mint, c. 328 - 325 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Sinope left, apluster before, Aramaic letters ayin and mem behind; reverse Aramaic legend "ARYWRT", eagle on a dolphin left; ex Lindgren Collection; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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de Callata˙, F. "Le premier monnayage de la cité d'Amastris (Paphlagonie)" in SNR 2004.
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Tekin, O. The Sivas Hoard, Bronze Coins of Pontos and Paphlagonia from the Reign of Mithradates VI. (Istanbul, 1999).
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Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia. (London, 1889).


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